Heavy toll after the Guatemala / Mexico earthquake : 5 fatalities, 19 wounded - June 14, 2017

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Damage report in cooperation with the 2017 Earthquake Impact Database - EID on Google Docs - Like EID on Facebook
Damage, injuries and fatalities will be listed in this specific report
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Subject : A very strong earthquake struck the coastal Guatemala / Mexico border area. The breaking point or hypocenter was at 111 km.  A lot of superficial damage has been registered. 5 people were killed and 19 others injured mostly by falling objects, collapsing roofs and walls.
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Important update 13:22 UTC: Conred Guatemala has  published more precise numbers od damaged houses, injured and killed people
801 affected persons, 106 victims, 19 injured persons, 5 fatalities, 60 houses with light damage, 32 houses with intermediate damage and 12 houses severely damaged

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Update 20:44 UTC: One of the many landslides in Guatemala
Both images courtesy @T13noticias

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Update 16:29 UTC: Sad moments for the family of the 20 year old man who was crushed by a collapsing wall.
Via @T13notcias and @JulioH_TN23

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Update 15:46 UTC: Significant damage to the dome on Quetzaltenango cathedral following today's shaking
Via Harriette Stone @HarrietteStone

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Update 14:27 UTC: Unfortunately we have to report a second fatality. A 20 year old man was crushed by a collapsing wall.

Interesting to know
Today's epicenter was at the base of the highest volcano of Central America, the 4200 meter high Tajamulco volcano.
Tajumulco is Guatemala's highest peak and the highest volcano in Central America. Two summits, one with a 50-70 m wide crater, lie along a NW-SE line. A lava flow from the ~4200-m-high NW summit traveled down a deep valley on the NW flank. The andesitic-dacitic volcano was constructed over the NW end of a large arcuate SW-facing escarpment of uncertain origin. Tajumulco has had several unconfirmed reports of historical eruptions. Sapper (1917) considered it to have erupted during historical time, but without accurate dates. The volcano was reported to eject many rocks, destroying houses on 24 October 1765, but this may have been a rock avalanche. Juarros reported some eruptions before 1808, and there are unlikely reports of eruptions in 1821 (or 1822), 1863, and 1893 (Incer 1988, unpublished manuscript).
The depth of the hypocenter is far beneath the volcano structure and has no connection at all with the volcano itself.

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Understanding today's earthquake
The June 14, 2017 M 6.9 earthquake northeast of San Pablo, Guatemala, occurred as the result of normal faulting at an intermediate depth, approximately 100 km beneath the surface of coastal Guatemala. The focal mechanism solution indicates the earthquake occurred on either a shallowly dipping normal fault striking southeast, or on a steeply dipping normal fault striking northwest. At the location of the earthquake, the Cocos plate converges with the North America plate at a rate of approximately 79 mm/yr, subducting beneath North America lithosphere at the Middle America Trench, 200 km to the southwest of this earthquake. The mechanism, location, and depth of the June 14th event indicate that the earthquake occurred within the subducting Cocos plate, rather than on the shallow thrust interface between the two plates.
Central America is very seismically active, and the region within 250 km of the June 14, 2017 event has experienced 34 other M 6.5+ earthquakes over the preceding century. Most occurred on or near the shallow plate interface in this region. Only two such earthquakes have occurred at intermediate depths, both to the northwest of the June 14, 2017 earthquake beneath southern Mexico – a M 6.9 earthquake at a depth of 165 km in March 1994, and a M 6.6 event at a depth of 85 km in December 2015. The latter event caused two fatalities, and landslides near the coast.
The June 14, 2017 event also follows a series of shallow earthquakes on or near the subduction thrust interface about 150 km to the southwest. Since late May 2017, 16 earthquakes of M 4.1 and larger have occurred there, including a M 5.5 event on June 10th with a thrust faulting mechanism, and two M 5.1 earthquakes earlier in the day on June 14th.
Earthquakes like this event, with focal depths between 70 and 300 km, are commonly termed "intermediate-depth" earthquakes. Intermediate-depth earthquakes represent deformation within subducted lithosphere rather than at the shallow plate interfaces between subducting and overriding tectonic plates. They typically cause less damage on the ground surface above their foci than is the case with similar-magnitude shallow-focus earthquakes, but large intermediate-depth earthquakes may be felt at great distance from their epicenters. Earthquakes have been reliably located to depths of just over 200 km in this region.
Source USGS

Update 13:46 UTC: Unchanged numbers of injured (14) and fatalities (1)

Update 13:42 UTC: Landslide on the road from Xela to Retalhuleu

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Update 12:23 UTC : An experience report from Antigua, Guatemala :

It lasted a full minute and woke 9 out of 10 people in the home. I was on the second story of a reinforced concrete home and the building was swaying back and forth. Hanging plants continues swinging for several minutes after. No structural damage noted yet.

Update 10:59 UTC:  another picture from Conred Guatemala of the damage

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Update 10:32 UTC:  Until now we see mostly superficial damage to wall, ceilings and mainly older buildings. This security video gives an impression of the shaking. The video comes from Xela.

Update 10:22 UTC:  Sad to report that 1 woman was killed by an heart attack in San Marcos, Guatemala. An indirect fatality is not counted as an earthquake victim in our system

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-14 om 12.24.22-compressed

Update 09:43 UTC:  Damage in Xela

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Update 09:29 UTC:

https://twitter.com/ALomaxNet/status/874898464332800002

Update 09:22 UTC:  13 injuries so far (12 in Guatemala and 1 in Mexico)

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-14 om 11.22.20-compressed

Compiled by the Earthquake Impact Database (Jens Skapski and Carlos Robles)

Update 09:17 UTC:  Many landslides are reported. Some of them do obstruct traffic.


 

Donation - long - San Francisco

 

Update 08:52 UTC:  Do beach balls looks like Chinese or Latin to you, check this article "Understanding Beach Balls"

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Main earth movement based on the current focal mechanism. Image courtesy Observatoire Geoscope

Update 08:41 UTC:  So far we have counted 5 injuries, all in Guatemala

Update 08:28 UTC: The catholic church of Samayac Suchitepéquez has been damaged

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Update 08:25 UTC:  As could be expected after such a powerful earthquake a lot of aftershocks are being felt. Until now up to M5.3

Update 08:20 UTC:  People in Ayutla are reporting at least 2 slight injured people

Update 08:15 UTC:  A potential of 12 million people will have felt at least some light shaking (when they are light sleepers). Weak shaking will have been hardly felt because of the local time of the earthquake

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Update 08:13 UTC:  USGS has updated their eq data and reports now a Magnitude of 6.9 at a depth of 111 km.

Update 08:09 UTC:  The seismogram of the earthquake as registered by a nearby Mexican station

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Update 08:01 UTC:  Today's earthquake is thought to have occurred within the subducting Cocos plate, rather than on the shallow thrust interface between the two plates.

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Update 07:58 UTC:  We are receiving from our readers shaking values ranging from MMI IV (light shaking) to MMI VII (very strong shaking)

Update 07:55 UTC:  USGS expects a maximum strong shaking in the coastal epicenter strip

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Update 07:52 UTC:  The earthquake will be felt in a very extended area and at least in all neighboring countries

Update 07:48 UTC:  This earthquake will normally NOT generate Tsunami waves as the epicenter is below land and as the depth of the hypocenter is at intermediate depth.

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Update 07:47 UTC:  Luckily the depth of the hypocenter will seriously weaken the shaking but nevertheless the Magnitude is still powerful enough to generate serious damage, especially in older buildings.

Update 07:42 UTCBased on the present earthquake parameters (Magnitude, Depth, Population, etc) and our experience with earthquake damage impact, earthquake-report.com calls this earthquake extremely dangerous and expects injuries and serious damage

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Most important Earthquake Data:

Magnitude : 5.4

Local Time (conversion only below land) : Unknown

GMT/UTC Time : 2017-06-14 07:23:56

Depth (Hypocenter) : 28.94 km

Depth and Magnitude updates in the list below.

Donation - long - San Francisco

Share your earthquake experience (I Have Felt It) with our readers.
Click on the "I Felt It" button behind the corresponding earthquake. Your earthquake experience is not only important for science, but also for people in the area as well as our global readership.

SRC Location UTC Date/time M D INFO
GEOFON Near Coast Of Chiapas, Mexico Jun 14 21:14 4.8 10 MAP I Felt It INFO
  • Quetzaltenango - Shaking lasted about 30 seconds, several items fell from shelves and broke. No structural damage to house
  • USGS Champerico, Guatemala Jun 14 21:14 5.1 10 MAP I Felt It
    GEOFON Guatemala Jun 14 07:52 5.0 104 MAP I Felt It
  • Antigua - Been here 8 years strongest one yet. 20 seconds of rolling.
  • Antigua - It lasted a full minute and woke 9 out of 10 people in the home. I was on the second story of a reinforced concrete home and the building was swaying back and forth. Hanging plants continues swinging for several minutes after. No structural damage noted yet.
  • Atigua - Woke us up and lasted awhile no damage visible.
  • San Cristóbal de las Casas - It lastet maybe 15 seconds, the house was shaking & swinging and dogs in the area were barking much more than usual. No damages recognised until now.
  • USGS Nuevo Progreso, Guatemala Jun 14 07:52 5.0 95 MAP I Felt It
    PTWC Jun 14 07:36 7.0 0 MAP I Felt It
    USGS San Pablo, Guatemala Jun 14 07:29 6.9 94 MAP I Felt It
  • Guatemala City - 10 seconds??
  • Pologua - About 20 seconds
  • Guatemala City - Light to moderate (?) swaying (horizontal) inside steel reinforced concrete home. Lasted a full minute or more. Nothing fell but some creaking. Birds started chirping outside for a little while.
  • Guatemala city - It woke me up, I felt it was a strong one!
  • Panajachel - We are Lake Atitlan on a hillside just outside of town of Panajachel. The earthquake woke us and shook the block stucco house for about 20 seconds. Power-lights flashed. Nothing broken.
  • Guatemala City - 1 min approx duration, felt longer probably because I am in an appt building, 6th floor, no structural damage, only doors swaying and walls/windows creaking
  • GEOFON Guatemala Jun 14 07:29 6.9 104 MAP I Felt It
    USGS San Pablo, Guatemala Jun 14 07:29 7.0 98 MAP I Felt It
  • Lake Atitlan - Tzununa - strong rattling and shaking for 30 seconds started soft and then stronger peaking at around 20 seconds.
  • USGS Puerto Madero, Mexico Jun 14 07:23 5.4 28 MAP I Felt It INFO
    GEOFON Near Coast Of Chiapas, Mexico Jun 14 07:23 5.1 10 MAP I Felt It
    USGS Puerto Madero, Mexico Jun 14 06:38 5.5 10 MAP I Felt It INFO
    GEOFON Near Coast Of Chiapas, Mexico Jun 14 06:38 5.6 10 MAP I Felt It
    USGS Champerico, Guatemala Jun 14 02:32 4.4 10 MAP I Felt It INFO


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    City/Village where you felt the earthquake *
    Street or suburb (area) where you felt the earthquake
    Latitude (area) where you felt the earthquake
    Longitude (area) where you felt the earthquake
    Shaking Strength *
    MMI II (Very weak shaking) ?
    People :
    Felt by persons at rest, on upper floors or favorably placed.
    MMI III (Weak shaking) ?
    People :
    Felt indoors; hanging objects may swing, vibration similar to passing of light trucks, duration may be estimated, may not be recognized as an earthquake.
    MMI IV (Light shaking) ?
    People :
    Generally noticed indoors but not outside. Light sleepers may be awakened. Vibration may be likened to the passing of heavy traffic, or to the jolt of a heavy object falling or striking the building.
    Fittings :
    Doors and windows rattle. Glassware and crockery rattle. Liquids in open vessels may be slightly disturbed. Standing motorcars may rock.
    Structures :
    Walls and frames of buildings, and partitions and suspended ceilings in commercial buildings, may be heard to creak.
    MMI V (Moderate shaking) ?
    People :
    Generally felt outside, and by almost everyone indoors. Most sleepers awakened. A few people alarmed.
    Fittings :
    Small unstable objects are displaced or upset. Some glassware and crockery may be broken. Hanging pictures knock against the wall. Open doors may swing. Cupboard doors secured by magnetic catches may open. Pendulum clocks stop, start, or change rate.
    Structures :
    Some large display windows cracked. A few earthenware toilet fixtures cracked.
    MMI VI (Strong shaking) ?
    People Felt by all. People and animals alarmed. Many run outside. Difficulty experienced in walking steadily.
    Fittings :
    Objects fall from shelves. Pictures fall from walls. Some furniture moved on smooth floors, some unsecured free-standing fireplaces moved. Glassware and crockery broken. Very unstable furniture overturned. Small church and school bells ring. Appliances move on bench or table tops. Filing cabinets or "easy glide" drawers may open (or shut).
    Structures :
    Slight damage to buildings with low standard. Some stucco or cement plaster falls. Large display windows broken. Damage to a few weak domestic chimneys, some may fall.
    Environment :
    Trees and bushes shake, or are heard to rustle. Loose material may be dislodged from sloping ground, e.g. existing slides, talus slopes, shingle slides.
    MMI VII (Very strong shaking) ?
    People
    General alarm. Difficulty experienced in standing. Noticed by motorcar drivers who may stop.
    Fittings :
    Large bells ring. Furniture moves on smooth floors, may move on carpeted floors. Substantial damage to fragile contents of buildings.
    Structures :
    Unreinforced stone and brick walls cracked. Low standard buildings cracked with some minor masonry falls. A few instances of damage to buildings of ordinary workmanship. Unbraced parapets, unbraced brick gables, and architectural ornaments fall. Roofing tiles, especially ridge tiles may be dislodged. Many unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, often falling from roof-line. Water tanks Type I burst. A few instances of damage to brick veneers and plaster or cement-based linings. Unrestrained water cylinders (hot-water cylinders) may move and leak. Some common windows cracked. Suspended ceilings damaged.
    Environment :
    Water made turbid by stirred up mud. Small slides such as falls of sand and gravel banks, and small rock-falls from steep slopes and cuttings. Instances of settlement of unconsolidated or wet, or weak soils. Some fine cracks appear in sloping ground. A few instances of liquefaction (i.e. small water and sand ejections).
    MMI VIII (Severe shaking) ?
    People Alarm may approach panic. Steering of motorcars greatly affected. Structures : Low standard buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. ordinary workmanship buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged in some cases. A few instances of damage to buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes. Monuments and pre-1976 elevated tanks and factory stacks twisted or brought down. Some pre-1965 infill masonry panels damaged. A few post-1980 brick veneers damaged. Decayed timber piles of houses damaged. Houses not secured to foundations may move. Most unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, some below roof-line, many brought down. Environment : Cracks appear on steep slopes and in wet ground. Small to moderate slides in roadside cuttings and unsupported excavations. Small water and sand ejections and localized lateral spreading adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc.
    MMI IX (Violent shaking) ?
    Structures Many low standard buildings destroyed. Ordinary workmanship buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes damaged in some cases, some with flexible frames seriously damaged. Damage or permanent distortion to some buildings and bridges, designed and built to normal use standards. Houses not secured to foundations shifted off. Brick veneers fall and expose frames. Environment : Cracking of ground conspicuous. Landsliding general on steep slopes. Liquefaction effects intensified and more widespread, with large lateral spreading and flow sliding adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc.
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