Devastating deadly earthquake in Lesvos, Greece - June 12, 2017

Damage report in cooperation with the 2017 Earthquake Impact Database
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Update 16:04 UTC:  The Greek Lesvos press reports about an investigation to find the person responsible for spreading rumors that another even more devastating earthquake would happen. Many people went immediately outdoors as they believed these lies. therefore the following :

These RUMORS are TOTAL NONSENSE.
Earthquakes CANNOT be predicted. 
NOT in Magnitude, NOT in Location and NOT in time. 

Aftershocks are however a normal process as the earth layers are trying to find stability again. These aftershocks may go on for days, weeks and even months. Nobody can however predict them. Make sure that you follow the guidelines as written in this post : BE EARTHQUAKE PREPARED

Update 15:57 UTC:
A few more (important) (tourist industry) messages from Lesvos mayor Spyros Galinos :
** Ι was briefed by the team of engineers that conducted relevant inspections: no damage was incurred to the tourist infrastructure of Lesvos.
** All the hotels in Lesvos, as well as tourist board certified rental rooms, remain in excellent condition.
** Our guests in Lesvos continue to enjoy their vacations; no problems or issues are reported
** No cancellations were reported. On the contrary, what we are experiencing in Lesvos is an increasing number of tourists’ arrivals.
** Lesvos tourism industry pros were getting ready all year. We expect this summer a large number of tourists, from both Greece and abroad.

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-15 om 18.16.37


 

Update 16:54 UTC:  Very good overview map from the European Civil Protection. Map created by the EC-JRC/DG ECHO

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-13 om 18.46.47

Update 15:36 UTC:  800 people are homeless due to collapsed or unsafe houses

Update 15:17 UTC:  Spyros Galinos, Mayor of Lesvos reports:
** We are transporting citizens of the heavily damaged village of Vrissa, Lesvos, from the temporary set-ups, to hotel rooms in nearby places.
** The municipality asked for assistance from hotel and rental-room owners in Lesvos; they immediately responded. I am thankful.
** Village presidents+vice mayors worked through the night and all day to collect info on damages to all 73 villages in Lesvos.
** Forty engineers arrived from Athens; they are in charge of crews inspecting buildings and structures. Repair work has already started.
** Greek MEP Thodoris Zagorakis has asked the European parliament to examine the possibility of assistance to Lesvos via the EU Solidarity Fund (looks so logical to us!)
** The municipality is in close cooperation with the Ministry of Citizen's Protection+ Northern Aegean Prefecture in addressing the problems
** Since yesterday we have set-up a 24-hour info center at the New City Hall building: you can call at +30-22513-50.575
** We are working to make sure that we have reliable info of all issues related to yesterday's earthquake and will brief you on it ASAP.
** Many groups+individuals in and outside Greece have reached to Lesvos and offer assistance.We assess needs and will take you upon your offer.
** Lesvos has so many friends around the world, but we don't take you for granted. The people of Lesvos are grateful to you. Thank You.
** The nursing home at Plomari village has been deemed unsafe; the 45 residents are going to be housed in hotel rooms. #Lesvos.
** Commissioner Avramopoulos just contacted me to convey a message of solidarity to Lesvos from the European Commission President Jean Claude Juncker
** “The situation in Lesvos in the aftermath of the earthquake was discussed today at the EU_Commission”, Commissioner Avramopoulos told me.
** “Europe stands in solidarity to Lesvos”, “we will coordinate our support” is the message from EU President Jean Claude Juncker

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-13 om 17.29.51

Update 15:11 UTC: Revised locations of aftershocks outline probable ~20km WNW-ESE offshore fault (Via Robin Lacassin)

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-13 om 17.10.29

Update 07:29 UTC:
** The greater epicenter area got more than 100 aftershocks but luckily only a limited number were felt by the people.
** In Greece the hardest hit village Vrisa is being called a "Ghost Town" due to the almost total devastation of houses and infrastructure
** This earthquake was of course unable to generate Tsunami waves as the Magnitude was not powerful enough (besides a couple of exceptions, the Magnitude needs to be at least M7 of higher)

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-13 om 09.34.47

The lovely village of Vrisa before the earthquake - Image courtesy greece.com


Donation - long - San Francisco

 

Update 21:53 UTC:
** The number of injured has increased from 11 to 15.
** 500 people had to leave their too badly damages houses. They are partly relocated in private houses and hotels, others are using tents provided by the relief services.
** Aftershocks keep shaking the earth but the strongest ones are luckily around M4. M5 or more will certainly generate more damage.
** 18 structural engineers have arrived on the island and will start tomorrow to inspect al damaged houses. They will decide wether people are still able to safely live in them?.
** Some roads on the island of Lesvos are closed because of rockslides. Engineers will check tomorrow all infrastructure.

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-13 om 00.01.26

Image - Courtesy Protothema Greece

Update 21:46 UTC:  Based on the many tweets of the mayor of Lesvos (Lesbos), the village of Vrissa has been hit hardest.

Update 21:45 UTC:
Spyros Galinos (Mayor Lesvos)‏ :
** Most of the houses in the village of Vrissa, Lesvos, have been badly damaged by the earthquake.
** Our fellow citizens in Vrissa who can't stay in their houses will be taken to temporary housing set-up in the football field of Polichnithos.
** EU commissioner @Avramopoulos contacted me; we discussed the activation of the EU’s assistance mechanism for natural disasters.

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 23.50.13-compressed

Spyros Galinos


Understanding the M6.3 Lesbos earthquake
The June 12, 2017 M 6.3 earthquake south of the island of Lesvos, Greece (just off the western coast of Turkey) occurred as a result of normal faulting in the shallow crust. The focal mechanism solution indicates that the earthquake occurred on either a shallow-to-moderately dipping fault striking northwest, or on a moderately dipping fault striking southeast. This earthquake is located within the Anatolian microplate, part of the broader Eurasia plate to the north. Further south, the Africa (Nubia) plate converges with and subducts beneath Eurasia at the Hellenic Trench. To the north and east, the North Anatolian Fault is a major right-lateral transform fault that runs east-west through northern Turkey. The location of this event is several hundred kilometers north of the closest main plate boundary in the region, where the Africa plate moves to the north at a rate of approximately 10 mm/yr with respect to Eurasia, and therefore this earthquake is considered an intraplate event.
The closest similar earthquake was a M 6.5 event in July 1949, about 20 km to the southeast of the June 12, 2017 earthquake.
Source: USGS

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 23.38.04

Image courtesy "On the Geodynamics of the Aegean rift" - Click on the image to be redirected to the paper.


 

Update 21:01 UTC:  An experience report from;, Jolanda, a tourist from the Netherlands visiting Mytilini with her mother :
"
Ik was met mijn moeder een dagje naar Mytilini, we logeren bij Gorona Apartement vlakbij Molyvos. We gingen eten in een restaurant aan de haven, toen alles begon te schudden.Iedereen rende naar buiten, ook het personeel.Het duurde ongeveer een minuut.Eerst begon de vloer te trillen toen het hele gebouw... Op de terugweg via de bergen lagen rotsblokken op de weg , die er op de heenweg niet lagen. Het was heel eng.
Ik hoop dat de gewonden snel opknappen."
--------- translation
"I was with my mother visiting Mytilini on a day trip as we were staying in an apartment near Molyvos. We went to a restaurant at the port when everything started to shake. Everybody ran outside, also the staff. It lasted about a minute. First, the floor began to vibrate followed by the whole building ... On the way back through the mountains rockfall hindered the traffic. It was a very scary experience."

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 23.12.15

Image courtesy Daily Sabah

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 23.18.25

Update 18:10 UTC:  The mayor confirmed also the news that a woman was safely liberated from below the rubble earlier on

Update 17:51 UTC:  Sad to report that a 45 year old woman was found dead below the rubble of her collapsed house. This was confirmed  by the Mayor of Lesbos, Spyros Galinos,  via Twitter.
Additionally we can now report that the number of injured climbed to 11. 2 of them have serious injuries.

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 19.56.52-compressed

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 19.54.33

Update 16:56 UTC:  Message from Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras :
Η σκέψη και το ενδιαφέρον μας αυτές τις ώρες, είναι στους κατοίκους των περιοχών που επλήγησαν από τη σεισμική δόνηση στη θαλάσσια περιοχή μεταξύ Χίου και Λέσβου.
Πρώτιστη ανάγκη αυτή τη στιγμή είναι η ασφάλεια των πολιτών. Η καταγραφή των ζημιών θα είναι άμεση και μέριμνά μας είναι η ταχύτερη αποκατάστασή τους.
Στο σημείο σπεύδει άμεσα ο αναπληρωτής Υπουργός Εσωτερικών Νίκος Τόσκας καθώς και κλιμάκια τεχνικών και εμπειρογνωμόνων της Πολιτικής Προστασίας και του Υπουργείου Υποδομών.
-------------- (Facebook/Bing translated)
The thought and these hours are residents of the areas affected by the earthquake in the maritime area between chios and lesbos. First requirement right now is the safety of citizens. The recording of losses will be swift and our concern is the faster their rehabilitation. In point responding directly deputy interior minister Nikos Tóskas ranks and technical experts and civil protection and the ministry of infrastructure.

Update 16:07 UTC: The woman who was buried under the rubble was finally liberated by rescue services. It took them more than 3 hours to get her into safety.

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 18.05.04

Update 16:06 UTC:  Hotel owners and private house owners have been offering rooms for the most affected people.

Update 15:29 UTC:  Video's show people in interviews with TV-stations sitting and hanging around against the facade of their houses. This is very dangerous. Make always sure that you are sitting or hanging around in open space. Some aftershocks can be nearly as strong or even stronger than the initial main-shock.

Update 15:04 UTC:  The local press is mentioning that 1 woman has been buried under the rubble of a collapsed house. The injury toll still stands at 10.

Update 14:53 UTC: The mayor of Plomari, Manolis Armenakas, told ERT state television: "We have damage to several buildings, old and new". Especially the damage sustained to new buildings is somewhat strange as building codes are very strict in this area of the world and houses should be able to resist even bigger Magnitudes. 

Update 14:46 UTC:  As could be expected in Greece/Turkey, we wee a lot of aftershocks but so far all below the M5 magnitude

Update 14:31 UTC:  First reports are talking about at least 10 people injured

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 16.30.47

Update 14:22 UTC:  The damage we have seen so far was only located on Lesbos, Greece (closest area to the epicenter)

Update 14:11 UTC:  Another video from serious damage in Vrisa, Greece a village at the western side of Lesbos (see map below the video). The damage may be a lot bigger than initially thought.

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 16.10.45

Update 14:05 UTC:  To give you an idea how many people felt which kind of shaking, we have included the following screenshots (source USGS). The earthquake was besides Greece, also felt widely in Turkey as even in Bulgaria!

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 16.05.02-compressed Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 16.05.19-compressed

Update 13:52 UTC:  First video of a collapsed house on the island of Lesbos

Update 13:51 UTC:  The picture below shows the area with the highest risk of serious damage

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 15.47.25

Update 13:43 UTC:  Greek TV is showing pictures of some damage on the coastline close to the epicenter (Plomari area). This is a captured image

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 15.41.46

Update 13:32 UTC:  Today's earthquake is one of the strongest in the same area since 1900 (see bottom map)

Update 13:27 UTC:  A more understandable projection of what exactly happened.
Hard to say in this case which from both versions really happened. People who have experienced the earthquake can tell us with the form which of both fault planes they believe really happened.

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 15.26.51-compressed

Main earth movement based on the current focal mechanism. Image courtesy Observatoire Geoscope

Update 13:24 UTC:  Focal mechanism of this earthquake. Main motion spreading
Do beach balls looks like Chinese or Latin to you, check this article "Understanding Beach Balls"

 

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 15.24.27-compressed

Update 13:15 UTC:  Professor Max Wyss, who specializes in theoretical prognoses of injuries and fatalities expects :
0 to 70 fatalities
20 to 400 injuries
The difference in between the lower and the higher numbers can be explained by the uncertainty of the exact epicenter and the depth of the hypocenter (breaking point).

Update 13:11 UTC: First (non-specific) reports of damage from Plomari and from the coast of Turkey.

Update 13:10 UTC:  seismogram from this earthquake

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 15.09.55

Update 13:07 UTC:  The earthquake's epicenter was luckily approx. 14 km out of the coast with translates in a whole of of difference for potential damage.

Update 13:05 UTC:  People living within a radius of approx. 30 km (that's several 10,000 people) can be affected by the earthquake.
Radius    Population
75 km    420000 people
50 km    78000 people
20 km    3400 people

Update 13:04 UTC:  The shaking at Lesbos was felt as very strong with a lot of thing falling from shelves. We will follow up and will report of any serious damage if we find some.

Update 12:57 UTC:  Based on the present earthquake parameters (Magnitude, Depth, Population, etc) and our experience with earthquake damage impact, earthquake-report.com calls this earthquake extremely dangerous with a probability of some limited serious damage

Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 14.55.47 Schermafbeelding 2017-06-12 om 14.56.09

85 km NW of İzmir, Turkey / pop: 2,501,000 / local time: 15:28:37.8 2017-06-12
34 km SW of Mytilíni, Greece / pop: 28,400 / local time: 15:28:37.8 2017-06-12
14 km S of Plomárion, Greece / pop: 3,400 / local time: 15:28:37.8 2017-06-12

Most important Earthquake Data:

Magnitude : 6.4

Local Time (conversion only below land) : 2017-06-12 15:28:39

GMT/UTC Time : 2017-06-12 12:28:39

Depth (Hypocenter) : 10 km

Depth and Magnitude updates in the list below.

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Share your earthquake experience (I Have Felt It) with our readers.
Click on the "I Felt It" button behind the corresponding earthquake. Your earthquake experience is not only important for science, but also for people in the area as well as our global readership.

SRC Location UTC Date/time M D INFO
GEOFON Aegean Sea Jun 12 18:25 4.4 10 MAP I Felt It INFO
GEOFON Aegean Sea Jun 12 15:25 4.2 10 MAP I Felt It INFO
GEOFON Aegean Sea Jun 12 14:19 4.6 10 MAP I Felt It INFO
  • Samos - Geen beschadigingen maar wel heel duidelijk dat alles heen en weer schudde. Zo'n 30 seconden zeker wel tot we besefte dat het een aardbeving was
  • Marmaris, Turkey - 5 seconds very light shaking
  • Harmandali, Turkey - Several appliances and lamps began to shift and fall. Lasted approximately 10 seconds and felt three smaller aftershocks.
  • Mytilene - +- 120 minuten. Meerdere na schokken. Kasten omgevallen
  • Çanakkale, Turkey - Produkty spadające z półek sklepowych i bujające się lampy, ok. 10 sekund.
  • Lesbos Skala Kaloni - In stilstaande auto....volledig schokken en enorm bewegen
  • Samos - We were lying on our sunbeds by the swimmingpool. Suddenly the sunbed (and we) were shaking for about 30 seconds. No dammage
  • Chios - la mia casa in sasso ballava come fosse stata di plastica,caduti tutti iquadri, rotti bicchieri e bottiglie sulle mensole, ho delle fessure nel pavimento e vicino alle scale
  • Бургас, Bulgaria - Чувствовалась качка. Двери слегка качались.
  • USGS Plomarion, Greece Jun 12 14:19 4.4 10 MAP I Felt It INFO
  • Plomari - Lasted several seconds, some local damage to buildings, items fell off shelves in the house, strange appearance of material spreading in the water along the coastal edge.
  • Plomari - We were in our sailing boat moored against the quay in Plomari harbour. The boat shook violently and shortly afterwards the water rushed out of the harbour and within minutes swept back in again like a Tsunami. This continued numerous times with a water displacement of about 1.5 to 2 meters each time with the first the worst. At first we thought the boat would hit the rocks on the bottom of the harbour and then it felt like we would be raised over the harbour wall - terrifying!
  • Plomari - We are moored in the harbour and when it hit the boat shook violently. The water rushed out of the harbour and then swept in again - a tsunami of about 2 meters displacement. We thought the boat would either hit the rocks or land on the quay. The water continued to rush in and out the harbour - severely for about 30 minutes and then less severe for a few hours. Terrifying.
  • GEOFON Aegean Sea Jun 12 12:28 6.4 10 MAP I Felt It INFO
  • Athens - No damage
  • Istanbul, Turkey - gentle wobble felt in 6 story building
  • Aydın, Turkey - it felt about 10 seconds
  • Izmir, Turkey - Secousse forte avec réplique
  • Petra - 15 seconds
  • Mytilene, Lesvos Island - Shaking lasted 5-6 seconds
  • Agios Konstantinos - 15 seconds; 15:27 local time; no damage; Isle of Samos
  • İzmir, Turkey - No damage at all. Approximately 12 to 15 seconds.
  • Sofia - Felt on 6 store of 7 story administrative building
  • Kos - Ca 30 Sekunden leichtes wackeln
  • Skala - PAtmos - Seduto su una sedia e la sedia ballava; lampadari pure. Nessun danno.A occhio, meno di 30 secondi
  • Gumuscay, Turkey - Matig schudden van de ondergrond circa 15sec
  • kucukkuyu, Turkey - about 5 seconds
  • mithimna - 10 sec
  • Lesvos - 15 seconds. Super scary. Things started falling (glass) in The hotel
  • Mithymna / Molivos - 20 seconde
  • Altınoluk, Balikesir, Turkey - No damage at the property.
  • Cigli / IZMIR, Turkey - First started weak and increased in magnitude with a total of 15-20 sec. No damage to the buildings.
  • Kampos - On the beach
  • Kusadasi, Turkey - durde ongeveer 15 seconden
  • Petra, Lesbos - 20 seconden. Vrij heftig schudden.
  • Lithi, Chios - significant but soft shaking for about 20 sec. Felt while sitting. Nothing fell off anything.
  • DIDIM AYDIN COASTAL AREA, Turkey - 30 seconds shaking approx Light fittings continued to sway after. No damage
  • Samos island - 15 sec, little vibration
  • Edirne, Turkey - 10 saniye
  • Lesbos - Ongeveer 15 tot 20 seconde even goed bewogen super eng.
  • Istanbul, Turkey - Light shaking felt on third floor for about 10 seconds.
  • izmir, Turkey - 10aines de secondes, movement bien ressenti avec tremblement des meubles....
  • Kusadasi, Turkey - Betten und Lampe haben gewackelt keine Schäden an den Gebäude !
  • Kusadasi, Turkey - Betten und Lampe haben gewackelt keine Schäden an den Gebäude !
  • Istanbul, Turkey - The whole building was moving We were in the 10th floor
  • Lesbos - We waren in de supermarkt toen de vloer begon te bewegen en even kort daarna leek de wereld te schudden. Schappen gingen van links naar rechts en er vielen attributen uren uit. We wilden net afrekenen maar werden nu verzocht naar buiten te gaan en afwachting tot het weer rustig werd. Bij Elkaar ruim een minuut geduurd
  • Lesbos - We waren in de supermarkt toen de vloer begon te bewegen en even kort daarna leek de wereld te schudden. Schappen gingen van links naar rechts en er vielen attributen uren uit. We wilden net afrekenen maar werden nu verzocht naar buiten te gaan en afwachting tot het weer rustig werd. Bij Elkaar ruim een minuut geduurd
  • Patmos - 20 seconds
  • Samos Pythagorion - Geen schade. Licht schudden op het strand. Parasols en bedden.
  • Kos stad - Alles begon te bewegen
  • Ayvalik, Turkey - 20 seconds, pictures frames moved
  • Ireon, Samos - Ongeveer 15 seconden het ligbed op het strand schudde
  • Artur/Kara agac, Turkey - We were on beach and it felt like a "sliding" shaking for about 20 seconds. You could see the solid beach umbrellas moving and some items like glasses in nearby restaurant.
  • Lefkada - It was underwater near Nydri and we were caught in it in a boat
  • USGS Plomarion, Greece Jun 12 12:28 6.3 10 MAP I Felt It
  • Kondias, Lemnos - Seat shock slightly
  • Anaxos - Zaten op terras bij het strand. Geen schade. Tijdsduur tussen 1 en 2 minuten. Rare gewaarwording om alles zien te gaan bewegen (straat en stenen terras)
  • Evdilos ikaria - Did not feel it while outside, but inside a glass fell from the rack... and now I understand why.
  • Bursa - Meubles vibrent. Durée 1 mn
  • Kapakli, Turkey - Estaba en la habitación del hotel encima de la cama con mi portátil cuando sobre las 15:30 (hora local) sentí un temblor en la cama. Al fijarme mas me di cuenta como las cortinas de la habitación y las lamparas también balanceaban. No estoy seguro de cuanto habrá durado pero diría que duraría unos 10 segundos.
  • Molyvos - 5-10 seconds. No damage.

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    SHARE YOUR EARTHQUAKE EXPERIENCE WITH US

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    Country where you felt the earthquake *
    City/Village where you felt the earthquake *
    Street or suburb (area) where you felt the earthquake
    Latitude (area) where you felt the earthquake
    Longitude (area) where you felt the earthquake
    Shaking Strength *
    MMI II (Very weak shaking) ?
    People :
    Felt by persons at rest, on upper floors or favorably placed.
    MMI III (Weak shaking) ?
    People :
    Felt indoors; hanging objects may swing, vibration similar to passing of light trucks, duration may be estimated, may not be recognized as an earthquake.
    MMI IV (Light shaking) ?
    People :
    Generally noticed indoors but not outside. Light sleepers may be awakened. Vibration may be likened to the passing of heavy traffic, or to the jolt of a heavy object falling or striking the building.
    Fittings :
    Doors and windows rattle. Glassware and crockery rattle. Liquids in open vessels may be slightly disturbed. Standing motorcars may rock.
    Structures :
    Walls and frames of buildings, and partitions and suspended ceilings in commercial buildings, may be heard to creak.
    MMI V (Moderate shaking) ?
    People :
    Generally felt outside, and by almost everyone indoors. Most sleepers awakened. A few people alarmed.
    Fittings :
    Small unstable objects are displaced or upset. Some glassware and crockery may be broken. Hanging pictures knock against the wall. Open doors may swing. Cupboard doors secured by magnetic catches may open. Pendulum clocks stop, start, or change rate.
    Structures :
    Some large display windows cracked. A few earthenware toilet fixtures cracked.
    MMI VI (Strong shaking) ?
    People Felt by all. People and animals alarmed. Many run outside. Difficulty experienced in walking steadily.
    Fittings :
    Objects fall from shelves. Pictures fall from walls. Some furniture moved on smooth floors, some unsecured free-standing fireplaces moved. Glassware and crockery broken. Very unstable furniture overturned. Small church and school bells ring. Appliances move on bench or table tops. Filing cabinets or "easy glide" drawers may open (or shut).
    Structures :
    Slight damage to buildings with low standard. Some stucco or cement plaster falls. Large display windows broken. Damage to a few weak domestic chimneys, some may fall.
    Environment :
    Trees and bushes shake, or are heard to rustle. Loose material may be dislodged from sloping ground, e.g. existing slides, talus slopes, shingle slides.
    MMI VII (Very strong shaking) ?
    People
    General alarm. Difficulty experienced in standing. Noticed by motorcar drivers who may stop.
    Fittings :
    Large bells ring. Furniture moves on smooth floors, may move on carpeted floors. Substantial damage to fragile contents of buildings.
    Structures :
    Unreinforced stone and brick walls cracked. Low standard buildings cracked with some minor masonry falls. A few instances of damage to buildings of ordinary workmanship. Unbraced parapets, unbraced brick gables, and architectural ornaments fall. Roofing tiles, especially ridge tiles may be dislodged. Many unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, often falling from roof-line. Water tanks Type I burst. A few instances of damage to brick veneers and plaster or cement-based linings. Unrestrained water cylinders (hot-water cylinders) may move and leak. Some common windows cracked. Suspended ceilings damaged.
    Environment :
    Water made turbid by stirred up mud. Small slides such as falls of sand and gravel banks, and small rock-falls from steep slopes and cuttings. Instances of settlement of unconsolidated or wet, or weak soils. Some fine cracks appear in sloping ground. A few instances of liquefaction (i.e. small water and sand ejections).
    MMI VIII (Severe shaking) ?
    People Alarm may approach panic. Steering of motorcars greatly affected. Structures : Low standard buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. ordinary workmanship buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged in some cases. A few instances of damage to buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes. Monuments and pre-1976 elevated tanks and factory stacks twisted or brought down. Some pre-1965 infill masonry panels damaged. A few post-1980 brick veneers damaged. Decayed timber piles of houses damaged. Houses not secured to foundations may move. Most unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, some below roof-line, many brought down. Environment : Cracks appear on steep slopes and in wet ground. Small to moderate slides in roadside cuttings and unsupported excavations. Small water and sand ejections and localized lateral spreading adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc.
    MMI IX (Violent shaking) ?
    Structures Many low standard buildings destroyed. Ordinary workmanship buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes damaged in some cases, some with flexible frames seriously damaged. Damage or permanent distortion to some buildings and bridges, designed and built to normal use standards. Houses not secured to foundations shifted off. Brick veneers fall and expose frames. Environment : Cracking of ground conspicuous. Landsliding general on steep slopes. Liquefaction effects intensified and more widespread, with large lateral spreading and flow sliding adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc.
    Tell us your experience and how many seconds the shaking lasted + let us know if your property has been damaged (even slight damage). (max. 500 characters)
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