Wordwide volcano and earthquake news – Archive August 29 until September 4 2014

On this page :  Bardarbunga (Iceland), Tavurvur (Papua New Guinea)

This is an archived part of our Daily Volcano Activity report.
Click here to read the latest part of our report
This report is compiled out of many information sources.

For our El Hierro volcano report : Click here

Bárðarbunga update September 4 22:18 UTC
From geoscientist on duty
- Activity in Bárðabunga and on Flæður north of Dyngjujökull is continuous with similar intensity as yesterday.
- The tremor signal observed yesterday decreased substantially last night. Around six this morning, a tremor increase was observed again; at much lower level, though, than yesterday. This signal rapidly decreased and at noon it had mostly disappeared.
- Seismicity continues at similar rates as yesterday including four events bigger than magnitude 4 in Bárðarbunga region.
- GPS observations still suggest increase in volume in the dike although at slower rates, indicating that more magma is being intruded into the dike than erupted to the surface.
- The eruption continues at similar intensity.
- Eyewitness reports suggested that this morning, the lava covered between 10 and 11 square km and during the day the area has increased substantially.
- The intensity of the eruption this evening is reported to be somewhat lower than last night.

Bárðarbunga update September 4 18:43 UTC
See how our cute little Holuhraun lava field is growing. It's about 12 km2 now & would fit ~1700 football pitches (University of Iceland)

Image courtesy University of Iceland - Click on this image to make it bigger

Image courtesy University of Iceland - Click on this image to make it bigger

Bárðarbunga update September 4 14:48 UTC
In order to give your browsers some relief and at the same time to reduce our server cost, we have archived the oldest content of this page

Bárðarbunga update September 4 14:10 UTC
Great picture in this tweet, but Be Careful!, it is copyrighted (he is a professional photographer, obviously visible here 🙂 )

Bárðarbunga update September 4 13:44 UTC
NASA infrared satellite picture showing the current eruption based on heat patterns. Great informative picture!

Image courtesy NASA

Image courtesy NASA

Bárðarbunga update September 4 13:40UTC
Conclusions of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Icelandic Civil Protection:
Scientists from the Icelandic Met Office and the Institute of Earth Sciences and representatives of the Civil Protection in Iceland attend the meetings of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Icelandic Civil Protection.
- The intensity of the ongoing eruption in Holuhraun is not declining.
- Lava is flowing toward ENE and it has been elongated considerably since yesterday.
- Since this morning, a preliminary estimate of lava field extension is about 10.8 km2.
- Seismic activity is still detected in the northern part of the dyke intrusion, along the eruption site and extending south below Dyngjujökull. Event rates are lower than in recent days, 180 earthquakes have been detected since midnight until noon.
- Four events larger than M4 have been detected in Bárðarbunga caldera. The largest one (M4.8) occurred last night at 03:09.
- The low frequency tremor seen yesterday disappeared last night but started again this morning, however minor compared to yesterday. The source of the tremor is not certain however possible explanation could be magma-water interaction although this interpretation has currently not been confirmed by other observations.
- There are no signs of a subglacial eruption under Dyngjujökull. No obvious changes such as increased water flow or cauldrons on the glacier surface were observed from scientists on board TF-SIF yesterday.
- Water meters in Jökulsá á Fjöllum do not show any unusual changes in discharge and electric conductivity.
- The GPS time series indicate slower rate of deformation in the last 24 hours.
- The current deformation pattern north of Vatnajökull still suggests volume increase in the dyke.
- No significant signs of deformation are observed around Bárðarbunga.
- There have been no observations of ash-fall away from the eruption site. Ash production is negligible.
- Sulphur dioxide emission continues.
- Low-wind speed condition is present in the area at the moment.
- Based on radar images the eruption cloud from today (composed of steam and volcanic gases) has not drifted far away and is mostly concentrated around the eruption site.
- Stations measuring SO2 further away from the eruption site are showing concentration below health and safety thresholds.
- Since this morning, the cloud reaches 6 km of altitude. The volcanic cloud will drift towards south in the coming hours due to wind rotation.
- Four scenarios are likely:
*** The migration of magma could stop, resulting in a gradual reduction in seismic activity and no further eruptions.
*** The dike could reach the Earth’s surface causing another eruption, possibly on a new fissure. Lava flow and (or) explosive activity cannot be excluded.
*** The intrusion reaches the surface and another eruption occurs where either the fissure is partly or entirely beneath Dyngjujökull. This would most likely produce a flood in Jökulsá á Fjöllum and perhaps explosive, ash-producing activity.
*** An eruption in Bárðarbunga. The eruption could cause an outburst flood and possibly an explosive, ash-producing activity. In the event of a subglacial eruption, it is most likely that flooding would affect Jökulsá á Fjöllum. However it is not possible to exclude the following flood paths: Skjálfandafljót, Kaldakvísl, Skaftá and Grímsvötn.
***** Other scenarios cannot be excluded.

From the Icelandic Met Office:
The Aviation Colour Code for Bárðarbunga remains at ‘orange’ and the code for Askja at ‘yellow’.

Bárðarbunga update September 4 12:47 UTC
"The latest in volcano monitoring: the Volcano Dog. Totally calm so we are safe for now" Image courtesy and taken by Icelandic volcanologist Evgenia Ilyinskaya

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Bárðarbunga update September 4 12:47 UTC
Below a great picture of lava sampling in rainy conditions. How hot is this? Well, check his pants, the heat is steaming the rain in seconds!

Image courtesy Uni Cambridge Prof. Simon Redfern

Image courtesy Uni Cambridge Prof. Simon Redfern

Bárðarbunga update September 4 12:37 UTC
"Girl at the furnace" - the surprising fact is that she was not melted while taking this picture. My own experience tells me that this must have been terribly hot and for only a couple of seconds (Hawaii lava experience)

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Bárðarbunga update September 4 10:55 UTC
Some pictures from this morning of the eruption in Holuhraun Credit: University of Iceland/Ármann Höskuldsson
100m high lava fountains this morning (thats the size of a big building)! The one on right has always been active, left one formed September 2.

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Bárðarbunga update September 4 10:50 UTC
From geoscientist on duty
- Activity 00:00-06:00: Tremor measured yesterday stopped around 21:30 yesterday evening and has not been measured since.
- Biggest event of the night was magnitude 4.8 earthquake in northern Bárðarbunga.
- Microearthquake activity continues around Bárðarbunga, in the dike intrusion, around Askja and Herðubreiðartögl.
- Around 80 micro-earthqakes have been located during the night.
- The eruption is currently not visible from cameras because of fog. Around 4 o'clock visibility was better and it activity appeared to be the same as before.

Bárðarbunga update September 4 07:35 UTC
- Harmonic tremors which caused Holuhraun are to be evacuated stopped around 10pm last night. Its cause still unknown
- no geoscientist on duty report so far, at least his report is not yet published
- bad weather in Iceland. Below the webcam view from a couple of minutes ago
- the number of earthquakes is gradually decreasing (745 yesterday evening in 48 hours, now 647).

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earthquakes since midnight UTC - location of epicenters unchanged

earthquakes since midnight UTC - location of epicenters unchanged


 

Bárðarbunga update September 3 23:14 UTC
From geoscientist on duty
- Persistent seismic activity is still detected in the northern part of the dyke intrusion, between the eruption site and south to about 6 km into Dyngjujökull.
- Event rates are lower than in recent days.
- Some events are detected in Bárðarbunga, all of them were smaller than magnitude 4 since the M5.5 event last night at 03:09.
- The volcanic activity at the fissure in Holuhraun is continuous, no signifiant changes were reported from scientists in the field.
- The origin of the increased tremor signal since this morning is still unclear and data is still analysed. However there are no signs of a subglacial eruption under Dyngjujökull.
- No obvious changes such as increased water flow or cauldrons on the glacier surface were observed from scientists onboard TF-SIF this afternoon.
- Water meters in Jökulsá á Fjöllum do not show any unusual changes in discharge and electric conductivity. The low frequent tremor signal is still continuing, its strength is variable.

Volcanoes are especially beautiful at night like you can see on the Bardarbunga 1 webcam (screenshot from a couple of minutes ago)

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Bárðarbunga update September 3 18:38 UTC
Picture from a coast guard surveillance flight over the eruption site Holuhraun today

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Bárðarbunga update September 3 18:38 UTC
As long as there is a net influx of magma to dyke, the eruptive fissure could extend further south, causing increased hazard in the area.
Below a screenshot of the new 3-D seismicity display, a unique and beautiful way of scrolling through the earthquakes. The map is constantly refreshed with new earthquakes. Take a second tab to keep it open (besides this article of course :). Congrats to the developer Baering and his team

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Bárðarbunga update September 3 17:29 UTC
Scientists flying over Dyngjujokull see no visual change on the surface = NO evidence of an eruption below the glacier.
Increased tremor but the same eruption flow, the mystery remains!
Below the seismicity (earthquake pattern) since midnight

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Bárðarbunga update September 3 16:33 UTC
Scientists are flying over #Bardarbunga and #Dyngjujokull glacier areas to look for signs of activity under the ice

Bárðarbunga update September 3 15:51 UTC
Scientists & journalists near Holuhraun retreat to Drekagil area due to new cracks developing and increase in harmonic tremors.
The tweet from Simon Redfern below shows the second part of the evacuation reason, namely soon to happen or already ongoing activity below the glacier which can provoke a massive ice / water flooding of the eruption site. If this happens massive explosions of magma interacting with water will surely happen. The other reason is cracks are appearing at the surface, meaning that new fissure openings are possible (probably in between the current eruption site and the glacier).

Bárðarbunga update September 3 15:27 UTC
Iceland Civil Protection now reports : Increased unrest in the area around the eruption in Holuhraun Bardarbunga. Scientist and journalist are leaving the area.
Gisli Olafsson says : Getting scientists and journalists out of are around Holuhraun due to increased harmonic tremors is a precautionary measure

Bárðarbunga breaking update September 3 15:10 UTC
Increase in harmonic tremors leads to scientists being advised to leave area around Holuhraun eruption (source : Icelandic Civil Protection). More details when they become available

Bárðarbunga update September 3 15:03 UTC
Radar image of the graben (edges coloured red) that's forming at the Holuhraun eruption site
Graben : A crustal block of rock generally long and narrow, that has dropped down along boundary faults relative to the adjacent rocks.

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Bárðarbunga update September 3 14:11 UTC
From the Scientific Advisory Board
Scientists from the Icelandic Met Office and the Institute of Earth Sciences and representatives of the Civil Protection in Iceland attend the meetings of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Icelandic Civil Protection.
Conclusions of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Icelandic Civil Protection:
- Earthquake activity continues –
- around 160 earthquakes have been recorded since midnight today.
- Seismicity is occurring mostly beneath the northern edge of Dyngjujökull.
- A magnitude 5.5 earthquake occurred at 03:08 UTC today on the northern side of the Bárðarbunga caldera.
- GPS measurements show that the volume of the dyke intrusion has increased since the beginning of the eruption; this signifies that more magma is entering the dyke than is being erupted.
- Despite no sign of a volume decrease in the dyke, GPS measurements show that the rate of ground deformation has slowed.
- Recent radar images show a 0.5 – 1 km wide depression that has formed both in front of and beneath Dyngjujökull. Signs of the depression extend about 2 km into the ice margin. The increasing thickness of the glacier decreases the visual extent of fracturing associated with the depression, so it is likely that the area extends further beneath Dyngjujökull.
- In light of GPS, radar and seismic results, it is possible that the ongoing eruption could progress southward under Dyngjujökull. This would lead to immediate flooding hazards on the floodplain in front of Dyngjujökull. Consequently, risk assessments for scientists working in the area will be reviewed.
- The volcanic eruption continues on Holuhraun; the main path for lava is to the east-north-east.
- At 08:00 UTC today the total area of the lava flow was estimated at 7.2 km2.
- There have been no observations of ash-fall. Ash production is almost negligible.
- Sulphur dioxide continues to be detected near the eruption site. The eruption cloud is drifting to the north-east from the eruption site.
Four scenarios are likely:
*** The migration of magma could stop, resulting in a gradual reduction in seismic activity and no further eruptions.
*** The dyke could reach the Earth's surface causing another eruption, possibly on a new fissure. Lava flow and (or) explosive activity cannot be excluded.
*** The intrusion reaches the surface and another eruption occurs where either the fissure is partly or entirely beneath Dyngjujökull. This would most likely produce a flood in Jökulsá á Fjöllum and perhaps explosive, ash-producing activity.
*** An eruption in Bárðarbunga. The eruption could cause an outburst flood and possibly an explosive, ash-producing activity. In the event of a subglacial eruption, it is most likely that flooding would affect Jökulsá á Fjöllum. However it is not possible to exclude the following flood paths: Skjálfandafljót, Kaldakvísl, Skaftá and Grímsvötn.
***** Other scenarios cannot be excluded.

Image courtesy Veðurstofa Íslands

Image courtesy Veðurstofa Íslands

Bárðarbunga update September 3 13:02 UTC
University of Iceland information
- The Holuhraun eruption looks harmless but the danger is toxic gases, weather (changes fast in area) and possible scenarios (jökulhlaup or icy flashflood coming out of the glacier)
- Large earthquakes, mag ~5, every day in Bardarbunga caldera. Shallow quakes. Expect that to continue. Similar to events in Krafla fires
- Volume of dyke has been increasing since Holuhraun eruption started. More material is coming in than out

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Stromboli and Etna (both Sicily, Italy) September 3 10:50 UTC
What a great picture showing the ash plumes of both volcanoes!

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Bárðarbunga update September 3 10:48 UTC
- TF-SIF the Icelandic Coast Guard surveillance aircraft will fly over Bardarbunga today. Photos later today.

From geoscientist on duty :
- Seismic activity continued at similar rate as yesterday until 03:09 when M5.5 earthquake was measured in northern part of Bardarbunga.
- After the M5.5 there was increase in activity both in the area under the northern part of Dyngjujokull, south of the current eruption site as well as in Herdubreidartogl.
- The biggest earthquake there was around M3.
- Automatically detected events at 06AM are around 130.
- From webcam it looks like the eruption continues at similar rate.

Bárðarbunga update September 3 09:55 UTC
Yet another great tweet from Cambridge Professor Simon Redfern

Bárðarbunga update September 3 08:23 UTC

Bárðarbunga update September 3 08:18 UTC
The front of a new lava field, upto 4 meters high! (Image courtesy Simon Redfern)

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Bárðarbunga update September 3 07:41 UTC
- A large quake (5.5M) in Bardarbunga caldera overnight.
- Increased seismicity since then S of fissure. Eruption in Holuhraun continues.
- Some deformations are now into totally different directions
- seismicity is back below the glacier only (South of the current fissure)

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Deformation map from the last couple of days

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Tavurvur Papua New Guinea September 2 21:20 UTC
From today's Landsat 8, the visible/SWIR bands at Tavurvur volcano show an incandescent ring at the vent region

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Bárðarbunga update September 2 21:12 UTC
From geoscientist on duty
* Since midnight about 400 earthquakes have been detected automatically (700 at the same time yesterday).
* The main activity is in the dyke mainly in the northern part.
* Two earthquakes occurred by the rim of the Bárðarbunga caldera, the first one at 11:26 am, M4.7, and the second one at 13:55, M4.3

Bárðarbunga update September 2 18:22 UTC
Try to find the helicopter in this picture

Bárðarbunga update September 2 17:22 UTC
Euronews has the best video footage so far. Long enough to enjoy the power of lava fountains and to observe every detail.

Bárðarbunga update September 2 16:31 UTC
Fountains of lava up to 200 meter high !!! Be careful for your ears/speakers as the wind is very noisy!

Bárðarbunga update September 2 16:00 UTC
From the Scientific Advisory Board
Scientists from the Icelandic Met Office and the Institute of Earth Sciences and representatives of the Civil Protection in Iceland attend the meetings of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Icelandic Civil Protection
Conclusions of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Icelandic Civil Protection:
- A noticeable decrease in seismicity has occurred during the last 24 hours. The level of activity is approximately half of that during recent days.
- Since midnight today, around 300 earthquakes have occurred. At the same time yesterday, 01 September, around 500 earthquakes had been detected.
- The rate of deformation at GPS sites closest to the dyke intrusion has decreased. Together with an overnight decrease in seismicity, this implies that magma inflow appears to match magma outflow at the eruption site.
- The eruption has not created any ash-fall.
- A white plume of steam and gas rises from the eruption on Holuhraun, reaching an elevation of about 4.5 km above sea level. Downwind, a volcanic cloud extends from the eruption site.
- Yesterday afternoon a white cloud from the eruption extended 60 km to the north-north-east.
- In comparison to yesterday, more sulfur dioxide has been measured in the eruption cloud.
- Sandstorms on the floodplain around the eruption site have contributed fine-grained particles to the eruption cloud. This was seen as a light-brown haze earlier today near to Egilsstaðir.
- The eruptive fissure is about 1.5 km in length, positioned about 4.5 km from the ice margin of Dyngjujökull.
- At 14:00 UTC yesterday, the lava flow was 4.2 km2 in area. At 08:00 UTC the edge had extended 1.5 km to the east-south-east.
- The eruption continues, although there appears to have been a slight decrease in activity compared to yesterday.
* It remains unclear how the situation will develop. Four scenarios are still considered most likely:
**** The migration of magma could stop, resulting in a gradual reduction in seismic activity and no further eruptions.
**** The dike could reach the Earth's surface causing another eruption, possibly on a new fissure. Lava flow and (or) explosive activity cannot be excluded.
**** The intrusion reaches the surface and another eruption occurs where either the fissure is partly or entirely beneath Dyngjujökull. This would most likely produce a flood in Jökulsá á Fjöllum and perhaps explosive, ash-producing activity.
**** An eruption in Bárðarbunga. The eruption could cause an outburst flood and possibly an explosive, ash-producing activity. In the event of a subglacial eruption, it is most likely that flooding would affect Jökulsá á Fjöllum. However it is not possible to exclude the following flood paths: Skjálfandafljót, Kaldakvísl, Skaftá and Grímsvötn.
******* Other scenarios cannot be excluded.

Bárðarbunga update September 2 07:34 UTC
- The eruption is still "alive and kicking"
- from geoscientist on duty :
* Volcanic activity in Holuhraun continues at steady rate.
* According to webcam observation there is no visible change in activity since yesterday with effusive lava eruption and fountains.
* Seismic activity has been rather quiet this night. *
* Biggest earthquake measured was early in the night, 3.1 in magnitude.
* Automatically detected events are around 110 at 6:50AM.
* Most of the events, including the biggest one, were located in the northern part of the magma intrusion with some activity extending under the glacier rim.

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Bárðarbunga update September 1 23:37 UTC
1st September 2014 19:00 - from geoscientist on duty
- Since midnight over 700 earthquakes have been detected automatically which is somewhat fewer than in the past few days.
- The main activity is in the dyke.
- Two earthquakes occurred by the northern rim of the Bardarbunga caldera, at 08:58 AM M5.0 and 11:41 AM M5.3.
- Over 140 earthquakes were detected by Herðubreiðartögl, NE of Askja volcano. A few earthquakes were detected near Askja.

Bárðarbunga update September 1 23:30 UTC
1st September 2014 17:47 - notes from surveillance flight
TF-SIF, the Icelandic Coast Guard's aircraft, did a surveillance flight this afternoon, 13:45 - 16:30. Scientists from the Icelandic Met Office and the Institute of Earth Sciences and a representative of the Civil Protection in Iceland were aboard. Conditions were somewhat cloudy, but visibility was fair in low flight and radar images were retreived at higher altitudes.
Main conclusions:
- The fissure is 1,5 km long. Continuous eruption takes place on a 600-800 m long central section. A single crater has been active at its southern end, but little or no lava extrudes from it now. Lava plumes rise to a height of a few tens of meters where the activity is greatest, centrally on the fissure.
- The lava stretches 3,5 km ANA from the center of the fissure. It is max 1,6 km wide but narrower further from the craters.
- The edge of the lava is a tongue 500 m wide. A continuous lava stream flows along the center of the lava field, almost to the edge. The edges are glowing. Apparently, non of the tributaries of river Jökulsá á Fjöllum touches the lava edge.
- The area of the lava is now 4 km2. At 16:00, a rough estimate gives 20-30 million cubic meters of lava. Which means that 5-10 million cubic meters have been added in 18-19 hours. Therefore, average flow is of the order of degree 100 m3/s.
- Two small cauldrons in Dyngjujökull, aligned in the direction of the fissure, seemed unchanged since Friday 29 August.
- Radar revealed no changes in Bárðarbunga nor in the depressions to the southeast of it.
Plume:
- A white plume, with a blue tint below, rose from the eruptive site, and drifted ENE. Maximum height is 15000 feet (4,5 km a.s.l.), ca 10 km from the eruptive site. The plume forms a cloud with very sharp edges at the top and below. The lower edge is in 6500 feet (2.0 km a.s.l.). This cloud reaches at least 60 km NNE. The southern edge of it is over Báruvatn, Laugarvalladalur and the southernmost part of lake Lögurinn. The cloud is about 10 km wide, 30 km northeast of the eruptive site. A dustcloud, originating from the Flæður, lies below the plume and its cloud. It didn‘t seem that any ash came from the cloud. The white colour of the plume does not suggest any ash.

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Bárðarbunga update September 1 23:14 UTC
We have archived August 29 and August 30 as this article became too lon again. Links at the bottom of this page.

Bárðarbunga update September 1 16:43 UTC
Some great images from the staff of the University of Iceland, Earth Science Institute

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Map of the new lava field in Holuhraun. Abt 20-30 million m^3 of lava this afternoon. Average effusion rate ~100 m3/s

Bárðarbunga update September 1 16:43 UTC
- A similar fissure eruption at Krafla in 1984 lasted a fortnight, whereas a 1980 eruption lasted seven months!
- Below with the installed scientific seismometers from the Futurevolc project

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Bárðarbunga update September 1 14:34 UTC
University of Iceland (part of the science team) reports :
- Current effusion rate ~1/4 of yesterdays. Activity mostly in one crater in northern part of fissure, south part has stopped
- Lot’s of sulphur gas released in the eruption, ~20 000 tonnes/day (rough estimate). Scientists encouraged to wear gas masks

Bárðarbunga update September 1 14:22 UTC
1st September 2014 12:23 - from the Scientific Advisory Board
Scientists from the Icelandic Met Office and the Institute of Earth Sciences and representatives of the Civil Protection in Iceland attend the meetings of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Icelandic Civil Protection.
Conclusions of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Icelandic Civil Protection:
* The lava eruption on Holuhraun continues. Lava flows northward from the eruption site.
* At 13:00 UTC today, an overflight will be made over Holuhraun and north-west Vatnajökull with scientists from the Icelandic Meteorological Office and the University of Iceland, together with a representative from the Icelandic Civil Protection. Observations from this flight will be reported in later briefings.
* At 20:00 UTC yesterday, the lava extended over a 3-km-area. This corresponds to a magma discharge of 300 to 500 cubic metres per second. From observations yesterday evening, the volume of erupted lava is between 16 and 25 million cubic metres.
* The eruption has not created any ash-fall.
* Gas and steam rises to a couple of hundred metres above the eruption site, extending up to 1,200 m downwind.
* In connection with the FUTUREVOLC project, a gas monitoring station has been set-up near to the eruption site. Gas measurements indicate a high level of sulphur dioxide. People could be exposed to highly dangerous gas levels close to the eruption. It is essential that those visiting the eruption site are equipped with gas sensors and gas masks.
* According to the latest GPS observations, horizontal ground movements continue in response to the dyke intrusion. There is no clear sign of a pressure decrease in the dyke intrusion in connection with the ongoing eruption, although there are irregularities in GPS displacements at nearby stations. The northern extent of the dyke intrusion has not changed to any great extent.
* When Sunday's eruption began earthquake activity decreased somewhat, although seismicity remains high, with over 500 earthquakes detected since midnight today. Most of the seismicity is occurring on the northern end of the dyke intrusion, covering a 15-km-long region that extends partly beneath Dyngjujökull and north of the ice margin.
* At 08:58 UTC today, a magnitude 5.0 earthquake was recorded on the Bárðarbunga caldera, and another of magnitude 5.2 at 11:41 UTC in the same region.
* It remains unclear how the situation will develop. Four scenarios are still considered most likely:
*** The migration of magma could stop, resulting in a gradual reduction in seismic activity and no further eruptions.
*** The dike could reach the Earth's surface causing another eruption, possibly on a new fissure. Lava flow and (or) explosive activity cannot be excluded.
*** The intrusion reaches the surface and another eruption occurs where either the fissure is partly or entirely beneath Dyngjujökull. This would most likely produce a flood in Jökulsá á Fjöllum and perhaps explosive, ash-producing activity.
*** An eruption in Bárðarbunga. The eruption could cause an outburst flood and possibly an explosive, ash-producing activity. In the event of a subglacial eruption, it is most likely that flooding would affect Jökulsá á Fjöllum. However it is not possible to exclude the following flood paths: Skjálfandafljót, Kaldakvísl, Skaftá and Grímsvötn.
***** Other scenarios cannot be excluded.

Tavurvur Papua New Guinea September 1 14:17 UTC
Ash in Rabaul, Papua New Guinea (New Britain) after the massive eruption of Tavurvur volcano

Bárðarbunga update September 1 13:39 UTC
I guess that there are a lot of people who are thinking that what they are watching on the webcam is a fairly small and not so powerful eruption. The contrary is the case. Gudmundur Karl Gudmundsson made this close-by video with sound from the first eruption. Huge volumes of fresh magma are building another piece of Iceland. Click on the image to be linked to the Facebook page with the video.

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Bárðarbunga update September 1 12:58 UTC
* Considerable amounts of SO2 gas being observed near Holuhraun #eruption and in gas clouds from there - danger for those up close
* Scientists near the Holuhraun eruption site have been told by IMO to wear gas masks and carry gas meters

Tavurvur Papua New Guinea September 1 12:54 UTC
We found a great article from Robin Wylie, a PhD researcher in Volcanology at University College London. You will understand that we do not like his tittle but nevertheless we give it in full this time :
Move over Iceland, Tavurvur in Papua New Guinea is the volcano to watch
Last week, the eyes of volcanologists – and presumably a few nervous pilots – were fixed on Iceland. But unexpectedly, the volcanic eruption that made headlines happened on the other side of the world, in Papua New Guinea.
Before dawn on August 29, Tavurvur – a stratovolcano on the island of New Britain, in Papua New Guinea’s eastern archipelago – awoke spectacularly after two decades of dormancy. The eruption shot lava hundreds of metres into the air, while the accompanying ash cloud reached 18km, almost double the cruising altitude of most commercial aircraft. As a precaution, several flights from Australia were rerouted around the volcano.
Read the full article here

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Bárðarbunga update September 1 12:34 UTC
Only Universities can write a tweet like this :
"Univ. of Iceland @uni_iceland : How awesome! Lava from #Holuhraun! Yesterday, this piece of pahoehoe was molten!

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Bárðarbunga update September 1 12:28 UTC
A Timelapse of the webcam during the night which we love a lot. You you watch very well you can see a new layer of magma spreading on top of another one still hot and red.

Bárðarbunga update September 1 12:03 UTC
- What happens next may depend on whether new magma is entering the system, and from where and how much and at what rate.
- Reports yesterday about #ash being detected in Akureyri and other places turned out to be incorrect. Simply material blown by strong winds.
Still a lot of strong seismicity since midnight. Below an overview of it. 1 M5.2 is still missing. Also that one was below the Bardarbunga rim

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Bárðarbunga update September 1 08:57 UTC
The image below is a map drawn on the basis of the hourly flyover of the NOAA and NASA heat detection satellites. The different colors are showing the start of the eruption

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Bárðarbunga update September 1 07:57 UTC
01st September 2014 06:45 - from geoscientist on duty
The activity around Bárðarbunga from midnight 1. September until 06:50:
Volcanic activity in Holuhraun:
The fissure eruption is continuing at a stable level. No explosive activity is observed, the eruption remains an effusive lava eruption. Visual observation by webcam and low level volcanic tremor on seismometers do not show any obvious changes since evening. More detailled information will soon follow from scientists in the field.
Seismic activity:
Around 250 earthquakes have been automatically detected until now. Most of them are located in the northern part of the magma intrusion, between the eruption site and south to about 10 km into Dynjujökull. Strongest events were up to around magnitude 2. The rate of events has decreased as a result of pressure release due to the eruption, but there is still ongoing continuous seismicity.
Several events have occurred around the Bárðarbunga caldera rim, strongest events were M4.2 at 03:09 on the southern rim and M4.5 at 04:59 on the northern rim.
In the broader Askja region, most events were located at Herðubreiðartögl, the strongest event there was M2.9 at 02:56. This area is a quite common place for seismic activity, the activity now is not necessarily caused by increased stress due to the intrusion (the tip of the intrusion is about 25 km SW of this cluster). Askja volcano itself was seismically quiet.

Bárðarbunga update September 1 06:57 UTC
No new scientist bulletin this morning.
The eruption continues at full flow. Bardarbunga2 webcam now zoomed out.
Wind direction is opposite from yesterday but as the lava contains almost no ash, this is not important for the population, even better like it is now.

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Bárðarbunga update August 31 23:02 UTC
Amazing photo of Holuhraun #eruption taken this evening by @uni_iceland staff @gislio

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Bárðarbunga update August 31 21:48 UTC
* The highest lava fountains are about 70m high. The temperature of the lava is about 1200°C (~2200°F).
* Until scientists downgrade danger of eruption starting under glacier then area north of Bardarbunga will be closed to cars and hikers
* Scientists warn that this cycle of eruptions can last until next year or longer. Great excuse to visit Iceland
* Scientists have revised amount of magma coming up to 250 m3/s - the lava is flowing NE at a rate of 1/2-1 m/minute

Bárðarbunga update August 31 21:01 UTC
WOW, what a show now at the webcam now. http://www.livefromiceland.is/webcams/bardarbunga-2/

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Bárðarbunga update August 31 20:41 UTC
And finally a great video recorded by Rob Green, one of the people who have the great task to do field work (yes, we are jealous 🙂

Bárðarbunga update August 31 20:34 UTC
31st August 2014 18:21
Few additional facts since status report earlier today:
* Now about 700 earthquakes have been detected since midnight.
* An earthquake M4.9 occurred at 16:12 on the northern rim of the Bárðarbunga caldera.
* The main seismic activity has been in the intrusive dike. Only a few quakes have been located near the caldera rim, mostly its northern part.
* Little seismic activity has been near Askja but some seismic activity near Herðubreiðartögl.
* Weather conditions; very windy (Yes, we know that - we are almost seasick 🙂

Bárðarbunga update August 31 20:30 UTC
Sequence at 10:15 UTC on Sunday August 31 2014 - The length of the fissure was approx. 1.5 km and the lava flow was calculated at 1000 cubic meter per second. Lava fountains and flowing Pahoehoe lava is clearly visible on this video and is reaching a maximum height of 60 meter - Video courtesy Mila, livefromIceland.is webcam

Bárðarbunga update August 31 17:10 UTC
Acceptable "still" Mila webcam picture from the fissure eruption made a couple of minutes ago.
Watching the LIVE webcam will make you more seasick than a cruise journey on the oceans 🙂

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Bárðarbunga update August 31 17:07 UTC
In our category "nice to know" (Askja is a volcano to the North-West of Bardarbunga - see map below)

Bárðarbunga update August 31 16:47 UTC
31st August 2014 14:45 - from meteorologist on duty
Visibility to the eruption site is now good. No ash has has been detected. The Aviation Color Code for Bárðarbunga has therefore been reset to ‘orange' and the code for Askja is still at ‘yellow'.

Bárðarbunga update August 31 16:00 UTC
31st August 2014 12:07 - from the Scientific Advisory Board
Scientists from the Icelandic Met Office and the Institute of Earth Sciences and representatives of the Civil Protection in Iceland attend the meetings of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Icelandic Civil Protection.
Conclusions of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Icelandic Civil Protection:
* A lava eruption started in Holuhraun shortly after 04 AM, on the same volcanic fissure, which erupted earlier this week. The fissure is estimated to be 1,5 km long. It was detected on Míla´s web-camera at 05:51 AM.
* Fewer earthquakes seem to follow the event than in the previous eruption, but more lava is being extruded.
* At 07 AM the lava flow was around 1 km wide and 3 km long towards northeast.
* The thickness was estimated a few meters, the flow about 1000 m3 pr second.
* Approximately 500 earthquakes were detected in the area and smaller than before. The strongest earthquake, M3.8 was in the Bárðarbunga caldera. Poor weather conditions prevail in the area, which makes detection of smaller earthquakes difficult.
* GPS measurements show continued movements north of Dyngjujökull.
* Gas emissions rise to a few hundred meters above the fissure.
* Weather conditions make it difficult to follow the progression of the eruption, but scientists are in the area, using every opportunity to acquire information on gas and lava outflow.
* Weather conditions do not allow overflight at this time. The opportunity to fly over the area will be assessed later today.
From the Icelandic Met Office:
* The Aviation Colour Code for Bárðarbunga is at ‘red' and the code for Askja at ‘yellow'.

Map courtesy and copyright @RUVfrettir

Map courtesy and copyright @RUVfrettir

Bárðarbunga update August 31 13:12 UTC
A lot of people are still struggling with the location of the Holuhraum eruption site versus the Bardarbunga, Kverkfjoll and Askja volcanoes. The map below shows them all 4

Click on the image to go to the website of this great very detailed map

Click on the image to go to the website of this great very detailed map

Bárðarbunga update August 31 13:12 UTC

Bárðarbunga update August 31 13:07 UTC
- The eruption started around 0400. Lava is flowing at around 1000 m3/s and is 1kmx3km wide. Still ongoing
- The stronger earthquakes are still happening outside the erupting fissure area, at the Bardarbunga caldera. A little earlier the strongest one today, with a preliminary value of 4.8. (Update : IMO reports a M5.1 at a depth of 5.2 km - IMO has a lot of instruments in the area and will have always the best results in Iceland (this message for those among you who think that USGS is always the most accurate 🙂 ))
- Below an image from the University of Iceland of the fresh Pahoehoe lava

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Bárðarbunga update August 31 12:34 UTC
Okay, we agree that the video below which we captured from the Mila Bardarbunga 2 webcam in a rare moment of relative clarity is not what we want, but at least you can clearly see the lava fountains dancing in the wind. They are spouting up to 60 meters high (the webcam has a big zoom)

Bárðarbunga update August 31 11:03 UTC
The image below shows the risks scientists are taking in coming as near as possible to the eruption site. In a fissure eruption nobody knows where exactly the fissure will surface. It is a calculated risk of course but a calculation with a number of unknown parameters. Must be a literally thrilling sensation.
A scientific report will arrive soon (scientific committee meeting now)

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Bárðarbunga update August 31 10:27 UTC
@almannavarnir : Fissure est. 1.5 km with lava flowing 3 km east, lava fountains. Now a storm is going over the area and very low visibility.

Bárðarbunga update August 31 10:25 UTC
I am again obliged to cut a part of this article as Bardarbunga and Tavurvur made it too long, but extremely interesting at the same time.
August 27 and 28 have now been archived - see link below to consult it

Bárðarbunga update August 31 09:52 UTC
Pahoehoe lava (Yes, the Hawaiian type and name) flow this morning, in Iceland also called "helluhraun". Pictures by Ármann Höskuldsson via @uni_iceland
For those who not know the lava types - 2 main categories a) Pahoehoe lava (smooth, unbroken) and b) AA lava (very brittle)

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AA lava

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Pahoehoe lava

These images were taken by scientists who were very close to the fissure location. They have now pulled back because of the bad weather. Fire fountains go as high as 60 meters.

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Bárðarbunga update August 31 09:36 UTC
- Weather conditions in the Holuhraun #eruption area make it difficult for everyone to monitor progress. Scientists have left the area.
- The fissure is about 1.5 km long, fire up to 60m in the air. Still no threat. Fly ban only up to 6000 feet.
- Domestic flights have been grounded due to weather conditions, not the eruption.

Bárðarbunga update August 31 08:44 UTC
NO science updates since yesterday
Scientists from IMO were installing additional sensors in the area near Holuhraun yesterday evening
Tremor is of course higher than before the eruption
The University of Iceland had analyzed the lava from the first eruption (same kind of lava now). Click here for details.
Scientists say "fissure longer than before.. picture below is from Benni" who was installing instrument

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Bárðarbunga update August 31 08:03 UTC
If you cannot link to the Mila webcam, you are certainly not the only one. The network is once again saturated.
Part of the Icelandic air space is again forbidden to fly over. The ash emission from the fissure eruption is limited but nevertheless it could suddenly increase of course.

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Bárðarbunga update August 31 06:27 UTC
This morning a new fissure eruption started in the same Holuhraun area as the first one. The webcam view is often obscured by the dand and dust in front of the fissure area. We expect the length of the fissure to be a little longer than the first one

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Bárðarbunga update August 30 22:13 UTC
30th August 2014 18:34 - from geoscientist on duty
Over 1100 earthquakes have been detected since midnight 29/30 August until 18:30; the vast majority in the northern part of the dyke intrusion, see maps.
As this morning, the active part of the dyke intrusion extends from about 4 km south of the glacier margin of Dyngjujökull to the location of yesterday's fissure eruption. There is no sign of northwards migration of the intrusion.
No large events (M>4) have been detected near the Bárðarbunga caldera since this morning. One event of M2.1 was detected at the northern caldera rim at 13:40. Few small events were detected around Askja volcano.
Summarizing, no significant changes in seismic activity have been observed.

Tavurvur Papua New Guinea August 30 14:27 UTC
Susie McGrade, the owner of Rabaul Hotel close to Mount Tavurvur, was speaking to The World live on Friday night when the volcano emitted one of its sonic booms. Click on the image to be linked to the video page

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Bárðarbunga update August 30 14:18 UTC
WOW!, thats what we say after watching a great NEW 3D seismic model from IMO - It visualizes the depth of the earthquakes and highlights the activity spots. Congratz to IMO Iceland for this great tool!. Click here and enjoy playing with it.

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Bárðarbunga update August 30 13:10 UTC
30th August 2014 11:45 - from the Scientific Advisory Board
Scientists from the Icelandic Met Office and the Institute of Earth Sciences and representatives of the Civil Protection in Iceland attend the meetings of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Icelandic Civil Protection.
Conclusions of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Icelandic Civil Protection:
* Earthquake activity continues on a 15-km-long region of the dyke intrusion, extending both into the Dyngjujökull glacier and the region north of the ice margin.
* Earthquakes have not migrated northwards during the last two days.
* Seismicity remains high and, since midnight, about 700 earthquakes have been detected in the region.
* The largest earthquakes since midnight include: (i) a magnitude 4.5 event on the northern side of the Bárðarbunga caldera at 02:35 UTC; (ii) a magnitude 4.2 earthquake in the same region at 06:18 UTC; and (iii) a magnitude 5.4 earthquake on the south-eastern edge of the Bárðarbunga caldera at 07:03 UTC.
* During the last two weeks, several earthquakes of similar size have occurred on the edge of the Bárðarbunga caldera. These earthquakes are interpreted as signs of stress changes in the region of the caldera.
* Over 20 micro-earthquakes have been detected in the Askja region. It is thought that these earthquakes have occurred due to stress changes north of the dyke intrusion.
* GPS measurements show continued horizontal movements north of Vatnajökull due to formation of the dyke intrusion on the northern edge of the ice-cap.
* No unusual changes in the discharge or electrical conductivity of Jökulsá á Fjöllum have been detected. The same applies to other rivers draining from north-western Vatnajökull.
* A sample of newly erupted lava was taken from Holuhraun yesterday; analysis is ongoing.
There are no indications that the intensity of the activity declining.
At this moment it is unclear how the situation will develop. However, four scenarios are considered most likely:
*** The migration of magma could stop, resulting in a gradual reduction in seismic activity and no further eruptions.
*** The dike could reach the Earth's surface north of Dyngjujökull causing another eruption, possibly on a new fissure. Such an eruption could include lava flow and (or) explosive activity.
*** The intrusion reaches the surface and an eruption occurs again where either the fissure is partly or entirely beneath Dyngjujökull. This would most likely produce a flood in Jökulsá á Fjöllum and perhaps explosive, ash-producing activity.
*** An eruption in Bárðarbunga. The eruption could cause an outburst flood and possibly an explosive, ash-producing activity. In the event of a subglacial eruption, it is most likely that flooding would affect Jökulsá á Fjöllum. However it is not possible to exclude the following flood paths: Skjálfandafljót, Kaldakvísl, Skaftá and Grímsvötn.
Other scenarios cannot be excluded.
From the Icelandic Met Office:
The Aviation Colour Code for Bárðarbunga remains at ‘orange' and the code for Askja at ‘yellow'.

Bárðarbunga update August 30 11:12 UTC
Scientists say this activity in/near Bardarbunga may last years like Krafla eruptions did in 1975-84 Source : Gisli Olafsonn, Civil Protection Iceland

Bárðarbunga update August 30 11:01 UTC
Great picture of the ash fallout after historic eruptions of the Bardarbunga volcano. Wind direction is of course the most important reason the ash loads landed in different areas. Some thicknesses are really spectacular and reach as far as Reykjavik. These eruption where eruptions of the volcano itself, no fissure eruptions like we witnessed earlier this week. Map via a tweet from John A Stevenson alias @volcan01010

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Tavurvur Papua New Guinea August 30 08:27 UTC
Volcanic activity at Mt Tavurvur is settling down as locals near Rabaul begin the ash clean up
What a beautiful picture. The most beautiful pictures are taken by a professional photographer who happened to be in Rabaul during the eruption. They are now sold for a lot of money to press agencies. Unfortunately i was not around at the time, otherwise they would have been free to distribute :). Click here for 4 beautiful images in a Dutch press article.

Bárðarbunga update August 30 07:57 UTC
30th August 2014 07:20 - from geoscientist on duty
Around 450 earthquakes have been detected since midnight 29/30 August until 07:00, the vast majority in the northern part of the dike intrusion, see map below.
The active part of the dike intrusion extends from about 4 km south of the glacier margin of Dyngjujökull to the location of yesterday's fissure eruption. Only a few small earthquakes have been located north of the eruption site and there is no sign now of northwards migration of the intrusion. Strongest events in this area were M2.7 at 03:01 and M2.8 at 06:19.
Several events have been detected on the caldera rim of Bárðarbunga, strongest were M4.5 at 02:35 and M4.2 at 06:18, both on the northern rim. A magnitude M5.4 earthquake occurred at 07:03 at the southern rim of Bárðarbunga caldera. Several events of similar size have occurred around the caldera rim in recent days. They are interpreted as being related to subsidence of the volcano due to volume decrease in the magma chamber beneath.
A few small events were detected around Askja volcano. Summarizing, no significant changes in seismic activity have been observed.

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Bárðarbunga update August 30 07:50 UTC
IMO Iceland has now reported a Magnitude of 5.4 at a depth of 2.9 km below Bardarbunga. This is shallower than most of the Bardarbunga edifice earthquakes but not the first one. Thursday there was a M5.0 at 3 km depth in the same area.

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Bárðarbunga update August 30 07:29 UTC
New M+5 earthquakes below the glacier.
USGS did report M5.4 but the USGS data have a too big error margin to point to the exact location. At the time of writing the earthquake was not listed yet at IMO.
The map shows 2 epicenters, thats the error margin i was talking about, both points refer to the same earthquake as reported by different seismological agencies
In the meantime the Mila webcams are showing clouds. If something would happen know only locals will hear it and airplanes will see it 🙂

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Bárðarbunga update August 29 22:35 UTC
Þorbjörg Ágústsdóttir, a doctoral student in geophysics at the University of Cambridge, was the first person to hold an chunk of the new lava. A lot of analyzing work ahead

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Bárðarbunga update August 29 21:42 UTC
29th August 2014 18:30 - from geoscientist on duty
Little changes since the status report, earlier today. An earthquake M4,1 occurred at 16:27 on the northern rim of Bárðarbunga caldera. The number of earthquakes from the automatic network is similar as at the same time yesterday, about 1200 earthquakes.

Bárðarbunga update August 29 17:27 UTC
29th August 2014 16:20 - Status report
Overall assessment from the joint status report 290814 of the Icelandic Met Office and the University of Iceland, Institute of Earth Sciences:
At this moment it is unclear how the situation will develop. However, three scenarios are considered most likely:
* The migration of magma could stop, resulting in a gradual reduction in seismic activity and no further eruptions.
* The dike could reach the Earth's surface north of Dyngjujökull causing another eruption, possibly on a new fissure. Such an eruption could include lava flow and (or) explosive activity.
* The intrusion reaches the surface and an eruption occurs again where either the fissure is partly or entirely beneath Dyngjujökull. This would most likely produce a flood in Jökulsá á Fjöllum and perhaps explosive, ash-producing activity. At 10:00 UTC, IMO changed the Aviation Colour Code for Bárðarbunga to ‘orange', signifying that significant emission of ash into the atmosphere is unlikely.
The aviation colour-code for the Askja volcano remains at ‘yellow'.
Other scenarios cannot be excluded. For example, an eruption inside the Bárdarbunga caldera.

Tavurvur Papua New Guinea August 29 15:06 UTC
Video of the PNG governor who is managing the evacuation of nearby locations.
The volcano is blowing more ash into the air
Below this video from the authorities another video showing a harmless eruption on January 20 2013. The volcano is very close to Rabaul, one of the bigger cities in PNG and often visited by Cruise Ships 🙂

 

Bárðarbunga update August 29 14:45 UTC
29th August 2014 12:20 - from the Scientific Advisory Board
Scientists from the Icelandic Met Office and the Institute of Earth Sciences, and representatives of the Civil Protection in Iceland, attend the meetings of the Advisory Board.
Conclusions of the Scientific Advisory Board:
* At 00:02 UTC signs of a lava eruption were detected on web camera images from Mila. The web-camera is located at Vaðalda, north-east of the eruption site.
* Around midnight, weak signs of increased tremor were apparent on IMO's seismic stations near to the eruption site.
* At 00:20 UTC scientists in the field from the Icelandic Met Office, Institute of Earth Sciences and Cambridge University confirmed the location of the eruption.
* The eruption occurred on an old volcanic fissure on the Holuhraun lava field, about 5 km north of the Dyngjujökull ice margin. The active fissure was about 600 m in length.
* A small amount of lava drained from the fissure and by around 04:00 UTC, lava flow is thought to have stopped.
* According to seismic data and web-camera imagery, the eruption peaked between 00:40 and 01:00 UTC.
* At the beginning of the eruption, seismic activity decreased, although seismicity has since returned to levels observed in recent days.
* Aerial observations by the Icelandic Coastguard show that only steam is rising from the site of the lava eruption.
* There are no indications that the intensity of the activity is declining.
* At this moment it is unclear how the situation will develop. However, three scenarios are considered most likely:
*** The migration of magma could stop, resulting in a gradual reduction in seismic activity and no further eruptions.
*** The dike could reach the Earth's surface north of Dyngjujökull causing another eruption, possibly on a new fissure. Such an eruption could include lava flow and (or) explosive activity.
*** The intrusion reaches the surface and an eruption occurs again where either the fissure is partly or entirely beneath Dyngjujökull. This would most likely produce a flood in Jökulsá á Fjöllum and perhaps explosive, ash-producing activity.
*** Other scenarios cannot be excluded. For example, an eruption inside the Bárdarbunga caldera.

Bárðarbunga update August 29 14:40 UTC
RED alert has been changed to ORANGE again above the Bardarbunga, Dyngjujökull, Vatnajökull area.
Official statement :
From the Icelandic Met Office:
At 10:00 UTC, IMO changed the Aviation Colour Code for Bárðarbunga to ‘orange', signifying that significant emission of ash into the atmosphere is unlikely. The aviation color-code for the Askja volcano remains at ‘yellow'.

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Bárðarbunga update August 29 13:58 UTC
The Icelandic Coast Guard surveillance plane TF-SIF flew over the eruption site this morning.
The crew took the above thermal image of the fissure. According to the Coast Guard, and contrary to initial reports who stated that the fissure was only 100 meters long (based on webcam estimates), the fissure measures 900 meters (3,000 feet) in length and is 5 km (3 miles) from Dyngjujökull, Vatnajökull outlet glacier.

Seismicity above M3 since midnight UTC

Seismicity above M3 since midnight UTC

Bárðarbunga update August 29 12:53 UTC
29th August 2014 11:58 - The new eruption in Holuhraun
Below are two photos of the new lava in Holuhraun, 5-10 km north of Dyngjujökull. The photos were taken from TF-Sif, the aeroplane of the Icelandic Coast Guard.

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Tavurvur volcano erupts in Papua New Guinea August 29 10:29 UTC
Below some (probably smartphone) video footage of the eruption.

Bárðarbunga update August 29 09:22 UTC
Click on the image below to watch a short video of the overflight of the fissure zone

Click on this image to watch the overflight video

Click on this image to watch the overflight video

Bárðarbunga update August 29 09:14 UTC
29th August 2014 07:10 -from geoscientist on duty
* Seismic activity has decreased as a result of the pressure release, however a significant amount of earthquakes is still detected in the magma dike, between the eruption site and south to about 5 km into Dyngjujökull.
* Strongest events were 3.8 in the caldera of Bárðarbunga at 04:37, as well as 2.9 at 05:39 and 3.5 at 06:38 in the dike. These earthquake are very closely monitored, but no significant change volcanic activity following these has been observed so far.

FYI - we will cut part of this page and archive it because it is really getting too long 🙂 - DONE

Tavurvur volcano erupts in Papua New Guinea August 29 08:11 UTC
A spectacular eruption with huge amounts of ash and firework
First major eruption after 20 years!
Some facts : Tavurvur is an active stratovolcano that lies near Rabaul in Papua New Guinea. It is a sub-vent of the Rabaul caldera and lies on the eastern rim of the larger feature. An eruption of the volcano largely destroyed the nearby town of Rabaul in 1994. Mount Tavurvur is the most active volcano in Rabaul caldera. On 7 October 2006 the volcano erupted again, and an initial blast shattered windows up to 12 kilometres away and sent an ash plume 18 km into the stratosphere. Winds blew most of the ash away from Rabaul.

Image screenshot from a twiter account

Image screenshot from a twitter account

 

 


 

Bárðarbunga update August 29 07:38 UTC
All airports in Iceland are open although an eruption has begun near Vatnajökull.
A recording from a couple of minutes ago at the Mila Bardarbunga 2 webcam

Bárðarbunga update August 29 07:26 UTC
Around 40 #SAR personnel from Landsbjorg providing assistance in closing down all routes to the (dangerous) eruption area Why? Because a dyke can open everywhere in that area, also under your own car or feet Temperature 1200 °C

Bárðarbunga update August 29 06:30 UTC
The fissure is now thought to be 100m long with low lava fountains with thin flowing lava. #Holuhraun
(Zoomed) Image from a couple of minutes ago below Webcam address

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Bárðarbunga update August 29 05:22 UTC
Someone captured the eruption on the Mila webcam. This is an image in 1/1, not zoomed like below. We will soon see the size of the fissure during daylight

Bárðarbunga update August 29 04:42 UTC
Below the image right now at the Mila webcam. The camera is zooming in on the eruption spot which explains the quality. Weather is not really good at the moment and it still partly darkness

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Bárðarbunga update August 29 04:20 UTC
29th August 2014 02:45 - An eruption north of Dyngjujökull
An eruption started in Holuhraun north of Dyngjujökull at around 00:02.
Seismic tremor was observed on all seismic stations and the web camera installed in the area by Mila has showed some nice pictures of the eruption.
It is a small fissure eruption and at 02:40 AM the activity appears to have decreased.
ER : This is a very small fissure eruption with almost NO ash content, more or less like a few holes in the ground. The area is unpopulated and only the Mila webcam has recorded it.

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OLDER ARCHIVED PARTS OF THIS REPORT :
2013 : July 8 - July 31
2013 : June 24 - July 7
2013 : June 8 - June 23
2013 : May 26 - June 7
2013 : June 8 - August 20
2013 : August 21 - October 27
2013 : October 28 - December 12
2013 : December 13 - January 30
2014 : February 1 - May 20
2014 : May 21 - August 20
2014 : August 21 - August 28 (Bardarbunga volcano Iceland)