Important historic earthquakes who occurred in May since 2000 years

This page gives an overview of the most important earthquakes who occurred in May since 2000 years and who could be described.
The main reason to show these data (courtesy USGS and others) is to make people aware of what happened in the past. Earthquakes are recurring events. A nice example is the Thailand 2014 earthquake. The 2014 earthquake was the strongest since 460 AD!
Our message : Be Earthquake and Tsunami Prepared

Color use : RED : deadly earthquakes BLACK : other important earthquakes ORANGE : Earthquakes with injured people

May 1

M5.9 – Greece, 1967
In the mountainous area of northern Arta Province, 9 were killed, 56 injured, and over 100 houses destroyed. The area of maximum intensity encompassed the villages of Drosopighi, Pramanta, Melisourgoe, and Theodoriana. Extensive earthslides occurred in the Ioannina (Jannina) District.

M7.2 – Iran, 1929
3,800 deaths, One of the world’s deadliest earthquakes.
This earthquake caused casualties and severe damage on both sides of the Iran-Turkmenistan (Persia-USSR) border. More than 3,250 people were killed and 88 villages destroyed or damaged in the Baghan-Gifan area, Iran. Damage also occurred at Bojnurd. Nearly all buildings were destroyed at Germab, Turkmenistan. Damage occurred to 57 places in Turkmenistan, including Ashgabat (Ashkhabad), where there were some casualties. About 50 km (30 mi) of surface faulting was observed on the Baghan-Germab fault. Aftershocks occurred until 1933; a strong one on 13 July 1929 caused additional casualties.

May 2

M6.4 – California, 1983
Forty-five people injured, 13 of them seriously, in the Coalinga area. Damage from the earthquake estimated at 31 million dollars with the worst damage occurring in the downtown area of Coalinga. Maximum intensity VIII. More than 500 homes were severely damaged in the Coalinga area; damage also occurred at Avenal and other surrounding communities. The earthquake was felt from Los Angeles to Sacramento and from San Francisco to Reno.

California earthquake - Photo Credit: M. Hopper, U.S. Geological Survey

California earthquake - Photo Credit: M. Hopper, U.S. Geological Survey

MAY 3

M6.3 – El Salvador, 1965
This violent earthquake left 125 persons dead, about 500 injured, and an estimated 48,000 homeless. Many of the victims were from the town of Ilopango which was almost completely destroyed. Several buildings were wrecked in San Salvador, Cisneros District, San Marcos, and Santo Tomas.

M6.0 – China, 1996
At least 18 people killed, 300 injured and extensive damage in the Baotou area. Felt at Beijing, Hohhot, Taiyuan, Xian and Yinchuan.

M7.4 – Sonora, 1887
This earthquake ruptured the Pitaycachi fault. It is the largest historic earthquake in the southern Basin and Range Province.

MAY 4

M6.4 – Costa Rica, 1910
400 to 700 deaths. Cartago destroyed for the second time (first time was Sep 02, 1841). This is the highest death toll for any quake in Costa Rican history.

M7.6 – Indonesia, 2000
At least 46 people killed, 264 injured, and extensive damage and power outages occurred in the Luwuk area, Sulawesi and on nearby islands. 80% of buildings were damaged or destroyed on Banggai. Damage also occurred on Peleng. Dozens of houses damaged (VII) and a local market destroyed by fire at Luwuk. Much of the damage east of Luwuk and on Peleng was caused by a local tsunami with estimated wave heights up to 6 meters.

MAY 5

M5.9 – Turkey, 1986
Fifteen people killed, 100 injured and approximately 4,000 houses damaged in the Dogansehir-Golbasi area. Damage to all houses in the village of Kapidere. Slight damage to houses around the cities of Adiyaman and Elbistan. Felt strongly at Gaziantep, Urfa, Kayseri, Sivas, Kahramanmaras, Diyarbakir, Antakya and Mardin. Some dangerous cracks in the arch of Surgu Dam. Slight damage to railroads in the epicentral area.

MAY 6

M7.2 – Iran, 1930
Over 2500 dead.
One of the world’s deadliest earthquakes.
About 60 villages destroyed in the Salmas Plain and surrounding mountains. The town of Dilman (population 18,000) was completely destroyed, but there were only 1,100 deaths because a magnitude 5.4 foreshock had occurred at 07:03 UTC. Although the foreshock killed 25 people, it probably saved thousands of lives since many people chose to sleep outdoors that night. Faulting was observed on the Salmas and Derik Faults, with the maximum offsets 5 m (16 ft) vertically and 4 m (13 ft) horizontally on the Salmas Fault. Dilman was rebuilt west of the ruins and named Shahpur, now Salmas.

M6.3 – El Salvador, 1951
A series of shocks killed 400, injured 4,000, and made 25,000 homeless.
Severe damage in the Jucuapa-Chinameca area from 3 strong earthquakes within 24 hours, with this being the largest. It was preceded by a magnitude 6.0 event at 23:03 and followed by a magnitude 5.8 quake on May 07 at 20:22. Some sources list the death toll as 1,100; others give that as the number injured.

M6.5 – Italy, 1976
One of the world’s deadliest earthquakes.
1,000 reported killed, at least 1,700 injured, and extensive damage in the epicentral area. The quake was reported felt throughout Europe. A magnitude 4.6 foreshock preceded the main shock by about 1 minute and 7 seconds. The main shock was followed by a number of aftershocks, at least one reaching a magnitude of 5, that caused additional damage and injuries.

M6.2 – Iran, 1999
At least 26 people killed, 100 injured and 800 houses destroyed in southwestern Fars Province. Felt at Kazerun and Shiraz. Also felt in parts of Bovir Ahmadi va Kohkiluyeh and Bushehr Provinces.

MAY 7

M6.0 – Italy, 1984
Three people killed, at least 100 injured, and extensive damage (VIII) in the Abruzzo area. Felt throughout southern Italy.

M5.6 – China, 1989
At least one person killed, 91 injured and 5,300 houses destroyed in the Gengma area, China. Felt strongly in Lancang and Menglian Counties. Direct economic losses of more than 54 million U.S. dollars were sustained.

MAY 8

M6.7 – Japan, 1974
The earthquake killed 30 people, injured 82, and destroyed 121 homes. The tremor also caused road damage and landslides. Approximately 1,510 houses were damaged. All damage and fatalities occurred on the Izu Peninsula.

MAY 9

M5.1 – Nevada, 1952
New cracks formed in four State buildings at Carson City. Plaster and knickknacks fell at Virginia City, about 20 kilometers north. Also felt in California.

MAY 10

M8.3 – Chile, 1877
This earthquake produced a 24 meter tsunami that caused extensive damage along the Peru-Chile coast. It was observed throughout the Pacific Basin including Samoa, New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Mexico and California. The tsunami was observed at all the islands of the Hawaiian archipelago. The tsunami caused fatalities in Hawaii and Japan.

M6.8 – China, 1974
20,000 dead.

M7.3 – New Britain, 1985
One person killed. Damage (VIII) in the Bialla-Hoskins area. Extensive landslides, debris flows and fallen trees in the Nakanai Mountains. Ground cracks and subsidence occurred. A temporary hot springs was observed near Malosi. Felt (V) at Rabaul. Felt strongly in many parts of Papua New Guinea.

M7.3 – Iran, 1997
One of the world’s deadliest earthquakes.
At least 1,567 people killed, 2,300 injured, 50,000 homeless, 10,533 houses destroyed, 5,474 houses damaged and landslides in the Birjand-Qayen area. Five people killed and some damage in the Herat area, Afghanistan. Felt in the Kerman, Khorasan, Semnan, Sistan va Baluchestan and Yazd regions of Iran. This earthquake occurred on the Abiz fault, as confirmed by field work of Manuel Berberian. This fault is north of the collision zone between the Arabian and Eurasian plates. The region of the Abiz fault is comprised of several microplates and is tectonically very active. The most notable regional earthquake was the Dasht-e-Bayez earthquake (magnitude 7.3) of 1968, which resulted in 12,000-20,000 deaths. Both the Abiz and Dasht-e-Bayez earthquakes showed left-laterial, strike-slip faulting.

MAY 11

M7.0 - Mexico, 1962
Four persons killed, and many injured. Extensive property damage in south-central Mexico. Tsunami with a maximum amplitude of about 2.8 feet reported at Acapulco.

M7.4 - Peru, 1948
Four deaths.
Damage at Moquegua; slight damage (VI) at Arequipa and Tacna. Landslides and seiches were observed. It was felt from Huancayo and Cuzco as far south as Iqueque, Chile.

MAY 12

M6.3 - Turkey, 1971
This damaging earthquake occurred 220 miles southwest of Anakara in the Burdur area. Thousands of buildings were damaged or destroyed. 100 persons were killed, and scores were injured. Telephone communications to Burdur were severed when the quake struck. Government buildings, schools, apartment houses, and a hospital were among those structures damaged.

M7.9 - China, 2008
The largest and deadliest earthquake in 2008.
At least 69,195 people killed, 374,177 injured and 18,392 missing and presumed dead in the Chengdu-Lixian-Guangyuan area. More than 45.5 million people in 10 provinces and regions were affected. At least 15 million people were evacuated from their homes and more than 5 million were left homeless. An estimated 5.36 million buildings collapsed and more than 21 million buildings were damaged in Sichuan and in parts of Chongqing, Gansu, Hubei, Shaanxi and Yunnan. The total economic loss was estimated at 86 billion US dollars. Beichuan, Dujiangyan, Wuolong and Yingxiu were almost completely destroyed. Landslides and rockfalls damaged or destroyed several mountain roads and railways and buried buildings in the Beichuan-Wenchuan area, cutting off access to the region for several days. At least 700 people were buried by a landslide at Qingchuan. Landslides also dammed several rivers, creating 34 barrier lakes which threatened about 700,000 people downstream. A train was buried by a landslide near Longnan, Gansu. At least 2,473 dams sustained some damage and more than 53,000 km of roads and 48,000 km of tap water pipelines were damaged. About 1.5 km of surface faulting was observed near Qingchuan, surface cracks and fractures occurred on three mountains in the area, and subsidence and street cracks were observed in the city itself. Maximum intensity XI was assigned in the Wenchuan area. Felt (VIII) at Deyang and Mianyang; (VII) at Chengdu; (VI) at Luzhou and Xi'an; (V) at Chongqing, Guozhen, Lanzhou, Leshan, Wu'an, Xichang and Ya'an. Felt in much of central, eastern and southern China, including Beijing, Guangzhou, Hefei, Nanjing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Wuhan and in Hong Kong. Also felt in parts of Bangladesh, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam. Seiches were observed at Kotalipara, Bangladesh.

MAY 13

M6.6 - Greece, 1995
Twenty-five people injured and substantial damage in the Grevena-Kozani area. Maximum intensity VIII. The earthquake and aftershocks destroyed 5,000 homes and damaged 7,000 others with a preliminary estimate of 450 million U.S. dollars in damage. Felt in central and northern Greece, including Thessaloniki. Felt (IV-VI) in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Felt (III) at Herceg Novi, Podgorica and Ulcinj, Yugoslavia.
From Significant Earthquakes of the World 1995.

M5.7 - Georgia, 1986
Two people killed and about 1,500 buildings destroyed in the Akhalkalaki area, USSR. Slight damage in the Susuz area, Turkey. Felt (VII) at Akhalkalaki and Bakuriani; (V) at Stepanavan and Tbilisi; (IV) at Abastumani, Leninakan and Gegechkori; (III) at Goris, USSR. Also felt at Cildir, Ardahan and Hanak, Turkey.
From Significant Earthquakes of the World, 1986.

M5.1 - Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1984
One person killed from rockfalls in the Herzegovina region of Yugoslavia. Felt (VII) at Dubrovnik and (IV) at Titograd, Yugoslavia and (III) at Trieste, Italy.
From Significant Earthquakes of the World, 1984.

Something to remember : in Denmark, 1888
Inge Lehmann born.
Inge Lehmann discovered the inner core of the Earth, a zone of solid materal, at a depth of 5150 km, in the early 1930s. Lehmann worked at the Copenhagen Observatory and carefully measured the arrival times of seismic phases from distant earthquakes. She noted that the only way to explain the core phases was to have a boundary within the core with an increase in velocity. She hypothesized that the inner core was solid, which was later proved on the basis of free oscillations.
She died in 1993 at the age of 105.

MAY 14

M6.4 - Comoros, 1985
Felt at Mtwara and Newala, Tanzania and in the Mocimbao da Praia area, Mozambique. Believed to be the largest instrumentally located hypocenter in this area.

M6.7 - Russia, 1970
Two moderate earthquakes occurred a few miles west of Machackala, a city of about 165,000 population and located on the Caspian Sea, that caused extensive damage in the Dagestan Republic. One report stated houses tumbled, landslides cascaded down mountainsides, and fissures opened in the ground. It also noted that waves were generated that submerged sand dunes along the Caspian Sea. The earthquakes, which occurred nine hours apart, probably caused a high number of casualties, but no official count was released.

M7.5 - Alaska, 1948
One of the Largest Earthquakes in the United States.

MAY 15

M6.2 - Uzbekistan, 1992
Three people killed, 5,500 houses completely destroyed and more than 4,000 houses damaged (VII) in the Osh area. Felt (VI) at Andizhan, (V) at Fergana, (IV) at Namangan and (III) at Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Also felt (III) at Dzhambul and (II) at Chimkent and Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan. Landslides reported at Karasu and Uzgen.

MAY 16

M7.7 - Loyalty Islands Region, 1995
Felt (III) on the Loyalty Islands and at Noumea, New Caledonia. Tsunami generated with maximum wave heights (peak- to-trough) at the following locations: 40 cm at Port-Vila, Vanuatu; 10 cm at Pago Pago, American Samoa; 6 cm at Lautoka and 5 cm at Suva, Fiji; 3 cm at Apia, Western Samoa; 3 cm at Nukualofa, Tonga; 3 cm at Rarotonga, Cook Islands. The tsunami was also recorded along the coast of New South Wales, Australia.

M8.2 - Japan, 1968
Forty-seven people were killed, 281 injured, and $131 million property damage was sustained. The port city of Hachinohe incurred the greatest damage. A tsunami was generated that inundated low-lying areas and washed ashore or sank 95 ships. Several aftershocks were reported, two of which generated small tsunamis.

MAY 17

M7.1 - Uzbekistan, 1976
Six killed and 10,000 homeless in Gazli area. Damage reported in parts of Uzbek, Tadzhik, and Turkham SSR. Also felt in parts of Kazakh SSR.

MAY 18

M5.0 - Washington, 1980
This earthquake occurred only seconds before the explosion which began the eruption of Mount St. Helens volcano. This eruption and blast took 396 meters off the top of Mount St. Helens, killed 31 people, left 33 others missing and caused damage between $500 million and $2 billion U.S. dollars. Felt (V) at Yakima and (IV) in many parts of Washington and Oregon.

MAY 19

M7.1 - California, 1940
This earthquake in southern California caused a horizontal land movement that offset part of the international boundary, between the United States and Mexico, a few feet.

MAY 20

M6.3 - Pakistan, 1992
At least 36 people killed and 100 injured in the Peshawar and Kohat Districts, including 20 people killed at Shakkar Khel. At least 400 houses destroyed in the Kohat District. Felt at Islamabad and Lahore. Also felt in the Srinagar area, Kashmir and in parts of northern India.
From Significant Earthquakes of the World 1992.

M7.2 - Sudan, 1990
Some buildings damaged in the Juba area. Also some damage in the Moyo area, Uganda. Felt in the Nakuru area, Kenya and in Uganda. Believed to be the largest earthquake ever recorded in Sudan.

MAY 21

M5.8 - India, 1997
Local time: May 22.
At least 38 people killed, more than 1,000 injured, thousands homeless and extensive damage in the Jabalpur area. Felt in much of Madhya Pradesh. Also felt at Allahabad, Delhi, Nagpur and in parts of western Orissa. Two events about 1 second apart.

M6.0 - China, 1984
Several people injured jumping from buildings and slight damage in the southern Shanghai-Rudong area. Felt throughout southern Jiangsu Province and at Hefei. Felt on about 200 fishing boats in the Yellow Sea.

M7.9 - Chile, 1960
Some deaths. Some people injured and severe damage in the Lebu-Concepcion area. Most of the damage and casualties occurred in unreinforced masonry buildings that had survived but were likely weakened by the 1939 Chillan quake. A small tsunami was recorded at Talcahuano, Valparaiso and at other places along the coast of Chile, but caused no damage. This is the largest of 4 foreshocks magnitude 7.2 or greater for the magnitude 9.5 Valdivia earthquake on May 22. Most of the damage in Concepcion was due to this foreshock; the mainshock did little additional damage in this area.

M6.0 - Peru, 1950
The earthquake caused destruction in Cuzco and San Sebastian. 83 people killed, and 200 injured.
From United States Earthquakes, 1950.

Something to remember : in Italy, 1850
Giuseppe Mercalli born.
Italian volcanologist and seismologist. Inventor of the Mercalli Intensity Scale (1902). The scale assigns an intensity or rating to measure the effects of an earthquake at a particular location.

MAY 22

M6.6 - Bolivia, 1998
At least 105 people killed and 150 injured in the Aiquile-Totora area. Eighty percent of the buildings at Aiquile and seventy percent at Totora were destroyed. Complex earthquake with at least two larger events occurring about 8 and 12 seconds after the onset.

M6.9 - Turkey, 1971
The city of Bingol was nearly destroyed. The earthquake was located about 410 miles southeast of Ankara. A thousand or more people were killed, 90 percent of Bingol's structures destroyed, and 15,000 of its inhabitants were made homeless. The earthquake occurred at the extreme eastern end of the Anatolian Fault.

M9.5 - Chile, 1960
1655 deaths. One of the Largest Earthquakes in the World.
Severe damage from shaking occurred in the Valdivia-Puerto Montt area. Most of the casualties and much of the damage was because of large tsunamis which caused damage along the coast of Chile from Lebu to Puerto Aisen and in many areas of the Pacific Ocean. Puerto Saavedra was completely destroyed by waves which reached heights of 11.5 m (38 ft) and carried remains of houses inland as much as 3 km (2 mi). Wave heights of 8 m (26 ft) caused much damage at Corral. Tsunamis caused 61 deaths and severe damage in Hawaii, mostly at Hilo, where the runup height reached 10.6 m (35 ft). Waves as high as 5.5 m (18 ft) struck northern Honshu about 1 day after the quake, where it destroyed more than 1600 homes and left 185 people dead or missing. Another 32 people were dead or missing in the Philippines after the tsunami hit those islands. Damage also occurred on Easter Island, in the Samoa Islands and in California. One to 1.5 m (3-5 ft) of subsidence occurred along the Chilean coast from the south end of the Arauco Peninsula to Quellon on Chiloe Island. As much of 3 m (10 ft) of uplift occurred on Isla Guafo. Many landslides occurred in the Chilean Lake District from Lago Villarica to Lago Todos los Santos. On May 24, Volcan Puyehue erupted, sending ash and steam as high as 6,000 m. The eruption continued for several weeks. This quake was preceded by 4 foreshocks bigger than magnitude 7.0, including a magnitude 7.9 on May 21 that caused severe damage in the Concepcion area. Many aftershocks occurred, with 5 of magnitude 7.0 or greater through Nov 1. This is the largest earthquake of the 20th Century. The rupture zone is estimated to be about 1000 km long, from Lebu to Puerto Aisen. Note that the tsunami deaths from outside Chile are included in the 1,655 total. This is still considerably fewer than some estimates which were as high as 5,700. However, Rothe and others state that the initial reports were greatly overestimated. The death toll for this huge earthquake was less than it might have been because it it occurred in the middle of the afternoon, many of the structures had been built to be earthquake-resistant and the series of strong foreshocks had made the population wary.

Image courtesy USGS -  Pierre St. Amand

Image courtesy USGS - Pierre St. Amand

M7.6 - China, 1927
More than 40,900 deaths.
Extreme damage in the Gulang-Wuwei area. Landslides buried a town near Gulang and dammed a stream in Wuwei County, creating a new lake. Large fissures and sandblows occurred in the area. Damage occurred from Lanzhou through Minqin and Yongchang to Jinta. It was felt at Xi'an and as far as 700 km (440 mi) from the epicenter. This area along the base of the Qilian Shan (formerly named Nan Shan, which is why this is sometimes called the Nan Shan earthquake) was part of the Silk Road connecting China with Central Asia. Some sources list the death toll as high as 200,000, but this may be a confusion with the much-bigger Ningxia quake of 1920. Also, Gu et al. report that over 250,000 livestock were killed by this earthquake.

MAY 23

M7.1 - New Zealand, 1968
Local time: May 24 05:24 am
This earthquake was the strongest in 8 years in the area, and resulted in two deaths, 14 injuries, and damage estimated at about $3 million. The epicenter was located in rough hill country about 7 miles north of the small town of Inangahua. Major landslides occurred in the gorge of the Buller River, with slumping, fissuring, and fountaining. Bridges were badly damaged, houses razed, and railway lines distorted.

MAY 25

M7.3 - China, 1948
More than 800 deaths.
More than 600 houses collapsed in the Litang-Daocheng area. Landslides, ground fissures and sandblows occurred in the region. Over 180 aftershocks occurred in the succeeding 3 months, some of which caused additional damage.

M5.7 - Iran, 1923
2,200 dead.
One of the world's deadliest earthquakes.
Five villages completely destroyed southwest of Torbat-e Heydariyeh.

MAY 26

M6.3 - Indonesia, 2006
At least 5,749 people were killed, 38,568 were injured and as many as 600,000 people were displaced in the Bantul-Yogyakarta area. More than 127,000 houses were destroyed and an additional 451,000 were damaged in the area, with the total loss estimated at approximately 3.1 billion U.S. dollars. Felt (IX) at Bantul and Klaten, (VIII) at Sleman and Yogyakarta, (V) at Surakarta, (IV) at Salatiga and Blitar and (II) at Surabaya. Felt in much of Java. Also felt at Denpasar, Bali.
From Significant Earthquakes of the World 2006.

M7.8 - Japan, 1983
At least 104 people killed, some injured, and extensive damage to dwellings, roads, and vessels caused by earthquake and a tsunami along the Japan Sea coast from southern Hokkaido to the Niigata area, Honshu. Many of the casualties and much of the damage occurred on the Oga Peninsula. Tsunami damage occurred as far away as Yamaguchi Prefecture in southwestern Honshu, along the Japan Sea coast of USSR, and along the eastern and southern coasts of South Korea, where three additional people were killed. Felt (V JMA) at Akita. Felt on Hokkaido and throughout northern and central Honshu. Estimated tsunami heights were 14 meters at Minehama, Honshu, 2-6 meters along southern Hokkaido and northern Honshu, up to 8 meters along the coast of USSR, and 4 meters along the coast of South Korea.

M7.7 - Atlantic Ocean, 1975
This great earthquake occurred in the North Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Portugal, about 250 kilometers north of the Madeira Islands. The earthquake was felt in Morocco, Portugal, Spain, and the Azores where a 2.3 meter tsunami was reported. Minor damage was reported on Madeira.

M7.2 - Turkey, 1957
Sixty-six killed, many injured, and major property damage. Also felt in the Dodecanese Islands.

MAY 27

M7.1 - Sakhalin, 1995
As many as 1,989 people killed, about 750 injured and severe damage (IX) in the Neftegorsk area. Some damage (VII) occurred at Okha. Felt (VI) at Moskalvo; (V) at Nikolayevsk-na-Amure and Nyvrovo; (IV) at Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinskiy and Nysh.

MAY 28

M5.6 - China, 1998
Twenty-eight people injured, more than 2,000 buildings destroyed, an additional 3,000 damaged and 5,000 head of cattle killed in southwestern Xinjiang.

MAY 29

M6.3 - Iceland, 2008
About 30 people injured at Selfoss. Some sheep were killed, buildings damaged and utilities cut off in the Hveragerdhi- Selfoss area. The road between Reykjavik and Selfoss was damaged and rockslides occurred in Vestmannaeyjum. A steaming fissure opened in an existing area of geothermal springs. Felt (VIII) at Hveragerdhi and Selfoss; (V) at Keflavik; (IV) at Hafnarfjordhur, Kopavogur and Reykjavik. Felt at Akranes, Akureyri, Alftanes, Borgarnes, Eyrarbakki, Hvammstangi, Isafjordhur, Laugaras, Reykholar, Reykholt, Saudharkrokur and in Mosfellsbaer. Also felt on Seltjarnarnes and Vestmannaeyjar.

M6.9, 7.0 - China, 1976
Two earthquakes struck, less than 2 hours apart. Casualties and extensive damage reported in Lungling-Lushi area of China. Also felt in northeastern Burma.

MAY 30

M6.6 - Afghanistan, 1998
One of the world's deadliest earthquakes.
At least 4,000 people killed, many thousands injured and homeless in Badakhshan and Takhar Provinces, Afghanistan. Felt strongly at Mazar-e Sharif, Afghanistan. Also felt at Kabul, Afghanistan; Islamabad, Peshawar and Rawalpindi, Pakistan; Dushanbe, Tajikistan.

M6.5 - Peru, 1990
Three events about 1.5 and 4.8 seconds apart respectively. At least 135 people killed, more than 800 injured and severe damage (VI) in the Moyobamba-Rioja area. Felt (V) at Chachapoyas; (IV) at Cajamarca; (III) at Chiclayo and Chimbote. Also felt (IV) at Guayaquil, Ecuador.

M6.7 - Romania, 1990
Nine people killed, more than 700 injured and severe damage in the Bucharest-Braila- Brasov area. Four people killed, some injured and many buildings damaged in Moldavia, USSR. One person died of a heart attack and extensive damage in northern Buglaria. Felt (VI) at Silistra and (V) at Sofia, Bulgaria. Felt (VI) at Kishinev; (IV) at Kiev, Lvov, Moscow, Rostov, Sochi and Uzhgorod; (III) at Stavropol and Leningrad, USSR. Also felt in Hungary, Greece, Poland, Turkey and Yugoslavia.

M6.1 - Bali, 1979
This earthquake was centered about 10 kilometers north of Lombok. At least 22 people were reported killed, 70 were injured, and extensive damage and landslides on Lombok Island. Felt strongly on Bali.

M7.6 - India, 1935
30,000 deaths.
One of the world's most destructive earthquakes.
Quetta almost completely destroyed. There were numerous fractures and landslides in the area.

MAY 31

M7.9 - Peru, 1970
70,000 deaths.
One of the world's most destructive earthquakes.
About 50,000 people were killed; 20,000 missing and presumed dead; and 150,000 injured in Ancash and La Libertad Departments from the earthquake and a catastrophic debris avalanche of rock, ice and mud which buried the town of Yungay, which had a population of about 20,000.

Peru May 31, 1970 earthquake - Image courtesy USGS

M5.9 - Turkey, 1946
840 to 1,300 deaths.
One of the world's deadliest earthquakes.
Several villages destroyed.

 

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