Myanmar March 24 deadly earthquake : update

This is Part 4 of the extensive reporting of the deadly Myanmar earthquake which occurred in the evening of March 24, 2011. The earthquake took place in the border area from Myanmar, Laos, Thailand and China. The earthquake had a magnitude of 7.2 (China) or 6.8 (USGS).
Click here for Part 1 or Part 2 or Part 3
So far the official earthquake death toll (Myanmar/Burma state-run media) still stands at 74 with 111 people injured (like reported by the government the day after the earthquake!).

Earthquake survivors in Myanmar - image courtesy Mizzima

UPDATE 20/04 - 16:50 UTC : The Government of Hong Kong has accepted the advice of the Disaster Relief Fund Advisory Committee and approved a grant of $2 million from the Disaster Relief Fund to World Vision Hong Kong to undertake relief projects for earthquake victims in Myanmar.

UPDATE 18/04 - 09:27 UTC : Official government message : The chairman and members have planned to build a hospital at the cost of K7 million to be used during the period when Tahlay subtownship Hospital is under reconstruction.

UPDATE 18/04 - 09:26 UTC : Official government message : In accord with the desire of local people of Kyakuni village which was seriously damaged by the quake, the township Development Affairs Department made a plan to establish a new village with village characteristics. Land preparation and road works are being carried out by the Public Works.

UPDATE 18/04 - 09:24 UTC : A Tearfund partner is offering help to five villages where leprosy is heavily prevalent, once again offering food aid, water and sanitation.

UPDATE 18/04 - 09:23 UTC : Isolated ethnic Akha and Lahu communities, which have received no other outside help, are being assisted by 2 Tearfund partners.

UPDATE 18/04 - 09:19 UTC : 50 most severely affected villages, more than half of all buildings have either been damaged or destroyed.

UPDATE 18/04 - 09:12 UTC : In total 90 villages were affected by the earthquake. Most of those villages are located in Tarlay and Mong Lin.

UPDATE 18/04 - 09:09 UTC : World Vision reported that two additional primary schools in Tan San village and Maw Twe village of Mong Koe Village Tract were damaged during aftershocks recorded in the region.

UPDATE 18/04 - 09:07 UTC : An OCHA (United Nations) report of April 11 is reporting that 836 houses have been damaged due to the earthquake (up from 702 houses in our latest report).

UPDATE 09/04 - 23:02 UTC : The Korean government has decided to provide emergency humanitarian aid worth 200,000 dollars to help the victims of the 6.8-magnitude earthquake in the eastern border areas of Myanmar on March 24.

UPDATE 06/04 - 22:43 UTC : Xinhua reports that cholera has broken out in quake-hit areas in Shan state, Myanmar's northeast, affecting 96 people, according to a local weekly Tuesday. Of them, 48 people were in serious condition due to consumption of unclean drinking water and unhygienic toilet system in the region, the Messenger News said

UPDATE 05/04 - 12:51 UTC : Mizzima, the Burmese opposition news website has written an article on the post-earthquake situation, an excerpt  :

While aid has reached many people in the more populated areas, many rural villagers are still without such essentials as food, clean water, kitchen supplies and material to create a livable shelter. UNICEF and MRCS in close coordination with Noble Compassionate Volunteer (NCV) and World Vision Myanmar say that at least 18,000 people in 90 villages have been moderately or severely affected by the quake.
In the 50 most severely affected villages, more than 50 per cent of all buildings have either been damaged or destroyed. In the 40 remaining villages, more than 30 percent of all buildings have been damaged or destroyed. Even while Shan migrant workers in Chiang Mai and other areas of Thailand have sent aid donations to the victims, many remote villages are still in need of help.
Please read the article in full here

UPDATE 04/04 - 16:35 UTC : Few ASEAN countries have local USAR (Urban Search and Rescue team) capabilities. The rest have to call upon foreign USAR assistance during a crisis. This situation should be rectified because foreign USAR teams take time to deploy; during this lag, urban disaster victims who might have been saved may die from their injuries or deprivation.

UPDATE 04/04 - 10:41 UTC : No more news from the earthquake damaged area so far today. Some assessments are under way and we expect more detailed news as their reports will be published.

UPDATE 03/04 - 17:41 UTC : Flights from Yangon to Tachileik and Kengtung remain normal in the aftermath of a deadly earthquake.

UPDATE 03/04 - 17:39 UTC : Myanmar newly-elected vice president Dr. Sai Mauk Kham Sunday toured Tarlay and Tachileik. Sai Mauk Kham attended some donation ceremonies in the two areas, personally handing over cash and kind to the quake survivors. He also visited Kengtung on Sunday for the purpose.

UPDATE 03/04 - 17:32 UTC : World Chefs Without Borders ( WCWB ) are very active since day 2 with an assessment team already back and today the second time medical drugs donation and a volunteer Myanmar Drs team to the sites today by air - total of 300 kg drugs, now specially big amount against cold and respiration sickness and to treat diarrhea effective tab as well inject.
WCWB plans a " Simple House & Work for Cash " program which could start as soon as 6.4.2011.
WCWB observation: Government is doing a great job hand in hand with the people and local as well Yangon and other Myanmar parts based NGOs and private people as well associations.
Sithagu Seyadaw - Sagain Buddhist head Monk will be in Tarlay in the next days to start reconstruction and rebuilding 12 bigger Monasteries, also to shelter people which do not get a house in time before monsoon starts.

Injured 4 month old baby during the Myanmar earthquake March 24, 2011 - picture courtesy

UPDATE 02/04 - 07:20 UTC : After scanning official and non-official publications we have to conclude that nothing new has been reported. This earthquake would probably arrive soon in the cellars of the countries statistics  if there were not the opposition groups focusing on what has to be done or rather what the regime hasn't done to cope with the aftermath of the earthquake. We bring the news of the opposition groups but of course we have to guess how much is rational reporting and propaganda.  Nevertheless they are an important factor of news gathering as they seem to be well informed (the level of details in their reports is astonishing).
We expect new reports of the United Nations soon.

UPDATE 23:07 UTC : World Vision has also said that around half the cases of diarrhoea were being treated by local authorities, adding that it had provided five water purification machines capable of generating 240 litres of clean water each hour, as well as water purification tablets.

UPDATE 23:05 UTC : Nearly 100 cases of diarrhea have been reported among survivors of last week's earthquake in eastern Burma, as aid groups put the number of people made homeless at more than 3000.

UPDATE 10:38 UTC : New Mizzima video showing the extend of the damage.

UPDATE 09:50 UTC : On 30 March, the local authorities in Tarlay have estimated that 702 houses were damaged. The Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS) reports that 3,152 people are homeless. Initial findings of a rapid assessment indicate that at least 18,000 people residing in 90 villages are affected by the earthquake. Most of those villages are located in Tarlay and Mong Lin.

UPDATE 09:47 UTC : The local authorities have reviewed the situation and identified immediate needs in water, including the restoration of access to safe water and shelter. Other remaining needs will be identified through the coordinated assessment, which will take place on 31 March and 1 April.

UPDATE 01/04 - 09:37 UTC : Two Chinese friendship associations have donated 15,250 U.S. dollars to quake-hit Myanmar

UPDATE 16:44 UTC : did start a fundraising for the victims of the earthquake. Click here to view the article.

UPDATE 16:41 UTC : Very few media are still reporting about the earthquake damage, death and injured toll or concerning the aid and reconstruction issues.

UPDATE 16:38 UTC : At the moment Norwegian Church Aid has US$25,000 immediately available and will perhaps respond through MBC depending on the needs and scale of the damage. However, more information is needed before a decision can be taken. Diakonia, Church World Service (CWS), DanChurchAid (DCA), Lutheran World Federation (LWF) and Christian Aid (CA), are also waiting for more information before making any decision.

UPDATE 16:26 UTC : The UNICEF team has assessed 26 schools and found five fully collapsed and six damaged schools in Tarlay Sub-Township. The Ministry of Education is expected to have these schools rebuilt in time for the new semester, due to start in June.

UPDATE 16:24 UTC : The local authorities have deployed four assessment teams to conduct an assessment in seven locations : Tarlay Sub-Township; Nar Yawng Village Tract; Mong Lin (East) and Mong Lin (West) Village Tracts. In cooperation with the local authorities, MRCS is also conducting an assessment in the same areas with 30 volunteers divided into six teams.

UPDATE 31/03 - 16:22 UTC : The government has welcomed the support provided by humanitarian partners present in Myanmar and has identified remaining needs in food, shelter, health, water and sanitation. The Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS) has established several relief distribution centers for affected people with the people returning home after receiving relief items.

UPDATE 12:35 UTC : Official statistics remain as published on March 25. Aid organizations are using the same (outdated) data for their information, thus diminishing the scope of the damage and casualties.

UPDATE 12:25 UTC : The heads of several UN agencies are planning a visit to the earthquake affected areas in the coming days.

UPDATE 12:24 UTC : World Vision Myanmar has reported 96 cases of diarrhoea in 3 villages (Pay Tha La 1 village, Pay Tha La old village and Na Po Sha village) in Nar Yawng Village Tract.

UPDATE 12:23 UTC : UNICEF reports that the number of out-patients being treated in clinics in Tarlay has increased over the last day, primarily due to colds and diarrhea.

UPDATE 12:22 UTC : World Vision Myanmar reports that access to drinking water is still disrupted due to the damages to a number of pipes, tanks and wells. A risk of water contamination remains.

UPDATE 12:21 UTC : The bridge connecting Tachileik and Tarlay, has been repaired and re-opened for regular traffic. Trucks up to 3 tonnes can cross the bridge.

UPDATE 12:19 UTC : The Government has welcomed the support provided by humanitarian partners present in Myanmar. The Government identified remaining needs in food, shelter, health, water and sanitation.

UPDATE 12:15 UTC : Local media report that the greater epicenter population has growing fears that another huge earthquake will strike. Earthquake-Report is used to this kind of rumors who appear everywhere in the world. People who have no idea of what happened are starting to tell a story which multiplies faster than a chain letter. Once again such a chance cannot be ruled out but such quakes (like in Japan) are not the standard but are the exception. Normally aftershocks will be strong in the beginning but the strength and the frequency will diminish gradually.

For the 3 other update pages (from the moment the earthquake struck until March 30)
Click here for Part 1 or Part 2 or Part 3

Original start text
Massive shallow and potentially destructive earthquake in the Myanmar, Laos, Thailand and China area.
GDACS has published a RED earthquake alert which we agree on condition that the hypocenter depth is confirmed

Most important Earthquake Data:
Magnitude : 7.0 6.8 (USGS) 7.2 (Chinese authorities)
UTC time : Thursday, March 24, 2011 at 13:55:12 UTC
Local time at epicenter : Thursday, March 24, 2011 at 08:25:12 PM at epicenter
Depth (Hypocenter) : 10 km satellite map + I Did Feel It form
Geo-location(s) :
90 km (56 miles) from Chiang Rai, Thailand
168 km (104 miles) SSW from Yunjinghong, Yunnan, China

Links to important maps
USGS Did You Feel It Map
Google satellite map of the area showing the kind of terrain the earthquake took place
3-dimensional view of the earthquake area (USGS epicenter location)
USGS Shaking map
USGS historic earthquakes map
USGS impact on population map
USGS Seismic hazard map
GDACS RED Earthquake Alert (Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System)

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