Very dangerous earthquake near Dalaki, Borazjan area, Iran – at least 7 people killed and 195 injured

Last update: December 2, 2013 at 9:21 am by By

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Update December 2 09:15 UTC : We changed the data of the earthquake a little bit to be in line with the authorities latest reports. These indicate that finally (and sadly enough) 7 people lost their live and 195 were injured.

Update for our Iranian readers : The names of 7 of the deceased persons (there is still some conflict about the number (7 or 8) : The numbers in the Persian (Farsi) text are the ages of the unfortunate people. So yes, sadly 4 children are among them.

1. آیت اله برزف، 13 ساله فرزند نعمت اله
2. جواد همعنان 9 ساله فرزند قاسم
3. آیدین اعلایی 4 ساله فرزند هادی
4. پروین جوکارف 2 ساله فرزند کورش
5. صدیقه هاشمی 60 ساله فرزند سید حسن
6. اکرم حسینی ازندریانی 33 ساله فرزند سید محمد
7. عفت حسینی ازندریانی 45 ساله فرزند محمد

Update Friday 07:49 UTC : Slightly conflicting numbers many hours after the earthquake. Waiting for more official reports, we are keeping the numbers from our last update(s). At least 300 (mainly older) houses did collapse.

An ER reader from the epicenter area in Bozarjan described what he experienced as follows :

“Some old houses near our area have been destroyed and the most damages are happened in rural places.
I was at my room and suddenly felt a shaking which was becoming stronger by passing the time.
It was hard for me to get out my room and to reach the garden, but i luckily  could get there.
We have had many aftershocks since yesterday after major earthquake.”


Update 23:24 UTC : still nightly hours and Iran and apparently less information to report. The death toll (official) has now risen to 8. Other numbers remain like they were published during our latest update.

Screen Shot 2013-11-29 at 00.28.08

Image courtesy and copyright ettehadjonoub.ir

Update 19:45 UTC: 210 people are reported injured, 66 of them are treated in hospital. At least 250 houses collapsed by the quake, many more were damaged.

Update 18:04 UTC : The official death toll stands at 7 and 45 injured – Other (to be trusted) Iranian sources are speaking about 9 people killed and 72 injured. The coming hours will give more certainty about these numbers.

Update 17:43 UTC : The picture below shows what cab happen during an earthquake if you are on the wrong place on the wrong moment. We are unsure whether people were in  it, but if they would have been in it their faith should have been certain.  In the meantime the number of injured has increased to 72 people. 27 are currently treated in hospital. This Borazjan earthquake is the most deadly one since the Bohol earthquake in the Philippines.

Screen Shot 2013-11-28 at 18.39.47

Image courtesy and copyright Khaberfarsi.com – click on image to see more images

Important update 17:22 UTC : The death toll has increased to 9 people. Among the dead, 3 woman, 3 children en 1 older man. 59 injured as the latest reports are telling us.

Important update 17:10 UTC : A Sadly enough we have to report that at least 3 people have been killed by this earthquake. Our thoughts are with the families and friends of the victims.

Update 16:55 UTC : At this moment we  know that at least 45 people have been send to various hospitals and treatment centers. We will update when more details become available.

Update 16:12 UTC : As you can see on the map below, the epicenter of the earthquake is in a mountain range. Most of what we have written before was about the state of the bigger cities like Dalaki and Borazjan, but the mountain settlements are even more at risk. There must have been surely landslides in this mountain range who will give additional difficulties for rescue teams to reach the epicenter area.

Screen Shot 2013-11-28 at 17.08.41

Update 16:05 UTC : Still NO specific numbers on the extend of the damage and the number of injured people (it would surprise us at ER if this earthquake does not lead to injuries). 4 assessment and rescue teams have been send to the epicenter area soon after the earthquake occurred. The Iranian authorities are very well organized to cope with earthquakes.

Update 15:47 UTC : People are remaining on the streets out of fear for aftershocks.

Map as reported by the Iranian authorities. The faint red lines are the known earthquake faults

Map as reported by the Iranian authorities. The faint red lines are the known earthquake faults

Update 15:44 UTC : As the epicenter was across the Persian Gulf, the earthquake was also felt in some gulf states like Kuwait and Saudi Arabia

Update 15:41 UTC : Some press reports are spreading some fear for the installations of the nuclear power plant at Bushehr. There is absolutely no reason to believe that such a moderate earthquake at +60 km from Bushehr would be dangerous for the plant. We expect that the max. radius for eventual damage, based on Magnitude and Hypocenter will be no more than 25 km.

Update 15:21 UTC : Local press talks about damage on houses (not clear to which extend) and so fat no reports of fatalities. Further details mentioned that the town of Daliki, closest to the epicenter has got the strongest shaking and that many houses where damaged there. Based on our experience, we know that it will take a couple more hours before some better estimate will be given (mostly by the Governor of the province in Iran)

Update 15:11 UTC : The Wapmerr theoretical damage model expects :
ESTIMATE OF HUMAN LOSSES
Injured Exp. min/max: 10/500
Fatalities Exp. min/max: 0/100

Update 15:05 UTC : First reports from the epicenter area (Borazjan) are talking about damaged houses and power outages.

Appeal : We urge the Iranian people to tell uESTIMATE OF HUMAN LOSSES
Injured Exp. min/max: 10/500
Fatalities Exp. min/max: 0/100s and our readers how they have felt this earthquake. Please fill in a form below and let us know, even in Farsi language. Thank you

Update 14:28 UTC : Below the USGS computing of the shaking intensities. If the epicenter and the other parameters are correct, this means that 4000 people may have experienced a damaging MMI VII very strong shaking and 174000 people a strong MMI VI shaking.

Screen Shot 2013-11-28 at 15.29.17

Update 14:28 UTC : Why do we call this earthquake so dangerous at this Magnitude : First of all because the hypocenter is shallow and secondly because the main motion (movement) in Iran is horizontal (transform type). Both these reasons are giving damage even below M5 and injuries often above M5. Additionally, the type of materials older houses are build in is very vulnerable for earthquake damage : collapse.

Update 14:25 UTC : We fear that if the (preliminary) data are confirmed later, that this earthquake, so close to a populated area, may result in a lot of damage. Injuries and fatalities are not to be excluded.

Screen Shot 2013-11-28 at 15.20.05

ties are not to be excluded.

14km (9mi) NE of Borazjan, Iran
43km (27mi) SW of Kazerun, Iran
63km (39mi) NE of Bandar Bushehr, Iran
80km (50mi) ESE of Bandar-e Ganaveh, Iran
323km (201mi) E of Kuwait, Kuwait

Most important Earthquake Data:

Magnitude : 5.6

Local Time (conversion only below land) : 2013-11-28 17:21:36

GMT/UTC Time : 2013-11-28 13:51:36

Depth (Hypocenter)  : 10 km

Depth and Magnitude updates in the list below.

Share your earthquake experience (I Have Felt It) with our readers.
Click on the “I Felt It” button behind the corresponding earthquake. Your earthquake experience is not only important for science, but also for people in the area as well as our global readership.

SRC Location UTC Date/time M D INFO
EMSC Southern Iran Nov 28 17:52 3.6 24 MAP I Felt It INFO
EMSC Southern Iran Nov 28 15:56 4.5 18 MAP I Felt It INFO
EMSC Southern Iran Nov 28 14:54 3.8 8 MAP I Felt It INFO
USGS Borazjan, Iran Nov 28 13:51 5.6 16 MAP I Felt It
  • Block3 Street 3 Judda 2 - happened 28 nov 2013 at around 16:55pm there was no damage! I live on the eighth floor the building began swaying felt very dizzy and everything hung from the walls or ceiling was swinging! Check with my next door neighbor they felt it as well and appeared to be very frightened!
  • Mangaf - I was in 4th floor, in the kitchen. It was light shaking/ swinging but in a long time (3-4 minutes, not sure). I felt so dizzy, the I saw the kitchen tools that hanging on the wall was swinging. I saw the water surface in the water dispenser was moving too. No Damage.
  • Бушер - Bushehr, Iran - Коттеджики не повредились. Земля под ногами качалась хорошо - Little cottage not damaged. Ground under my feet rocked well
  • Salmiya - I was sitting on the carpet in my living room. and felt i dizzy. then i stood up n i saw my schandlier was shacking. it was only for 2 to 3 seconds
  • Shiraz, Iran - every where was shaking . i was scared so much ...
  • Borazjan - Some old houses near our area have been destroyed and the most damages are happened in rural places. I was at my room and suddenly felt a shaking which was becoming stronger by passing the time.It was hard for me to get out my room and reach myself to yard.But finally I did that.We have had many aftershocks since yesterday after major earthquake.
  • Borazjan - I have never experienced it before, everybody was so scared, every thing was shaking severely.
  • Salmiya, Kuwait - Was standing in the hall at home and talking over the phone, and I felt sudden shake for for a second and the indoor plant started shaking as well.
  • GEOFON Southern Iran Nov 28 13:51 5.6 10 MAP I Felt It
    EMSC Southern Iran Nov 28 13:51 5.6 10 MAP I Felt It INFO


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    SHARE YOUR EARTHQUAKE EXPERIENCE WITH US

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    Country where you felt the earthquake
    City/Village where you felt the earthquake
    Street or suburb (area) where you felt the earthquake
    MMI II (Very weak shaking) ?
    People :
    Felt by persons at rest, on upper floors or favorably placed.
    MMI III (Weak shaking) ?
    People :
    Felt indoors; hanging objects may swing, vibration similar to passing of light trucks, duration may be estimated, may not be recognized as an earthquake.
    MMI IV (Light shaking) ?
    People :
    Generally noticed indoors but not outside. Light sleepers may be awakened. Vibration may be likened to the passing of heavy traffic, or to the jolt of a heavy object falling or striking the building.
    Fittings :
    Doors and windows rattle. Glassware and crockery rattle. Liquids in open vessels may be slightly disturbed. Standing motorcars may rock.
    Structures :
    Walls and frames of buildings, and partitions and suspended ceilings in commercial buildings, may be heard to creak.
    MMI V (Moderate shaking) ?
    People :
    Generally felt outside, and by almost everyone indoors. Most sleepers awakened. A few people alarmed.
    Fittings :
    Small unstable objects are displaced or upset. Some glassware and crockery may be broken. Hanging pictures knock against the wall. Open doors may swing. Cupboard doors secured by magnetic catches may open. Pendulum clocks stop, start, or change rate.
    Structures :
    Some large display windows cracked. A few earthenware toilet fixtures cracked.
    MMI VI (Strong shaking) ?
    People Felt by all. People and animals alarmed. Many run outside. Difficulty experienced in walking steadily.
    Fittings :
    Objects fall from shelves. Pictures fall from walls. Some furniture moved on smooth floors, some unsecured free-standing fireplaces moved. Glassware and crockery broken. Very unstable furniture overturned. Small church and school bells ring. Appliances move on bench or table tops. Filing cabinets or "easy glide" drawers may open (or shut).
    Structures :
    Slight damage to buildings with low standard. Some stucco or cement plaster falls. Large display windows broken. Damage to a few weak domestic chimneys, some may fall.
    Environment :
    Trees and bushes shake, or are heard to rustle. Loose material may be dislodged from sloping ground, e.g. existing slides, talus slopes, shingle slides.
    MMI VII (Very strong shaking) ?
    People
    General alarm. Difficulty experienced in standing. Noticed by motorcar drivers who may stop.
    Fittings :
    Large bells ring. Furniture moves on smooth floors, may move on carpeted floors. Substantial damage to fragile contents of buildings.
    Structures :
    Unreinforced stone and brick walls cracked. Low standard buildings cracked with some minor masonry falls. A few instances of damage to buildings of ordinary workmanship. Unbraced parapets, unbraced brick gables, and architectural ornaments fall. Roofing tiles, especially ridge tiles may be dislodged. Many unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, often falling from roof-line. Water tanks Type I burst. A few instances of damage to brick veneers and plaster or cement-based linings. Unrestrained water cylinders (hot-water cylinders) may move and leak. Some common windows cracked. Suspended ceilings damaged.
    Environment :
    Water made turbid by stirred up mud. Small slides such as falls of sand and gravel banks, and small rock-falls from steep slopes and cuttings. Instances of settlement of unconsolidated or wet, or weak soils. Some fine cracks appear in sloping ground. A few instances of liquefaction (i.e. small water and sand ejections).
    MMI VIII (Severe shaking) ?
    People Alarm may approach panic. Steering of motorcars greatly affected. Structures : Low standard buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. ordinary workmanship buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged in some cases. A few instances of damage to buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes. Monuments and pre-1976 elevated tanks and factory stacks twisted or brought down. Some pre-1965 infill masonry panels damaged. A few post-1980 brick veneers damaged. Decayed timber piles of houses damaged. Houses not secured to foundations may move. Most unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, some below roof-line, many brought down. Environment : Cracks appear on steep slopes and in wet ground. Small to moderate slides in roadside cuttings and unsupported excavations. Small water and sand ejections and localized lateral spreading adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc.
    MMI IX (Violent shaking) ?
    Structures Many low standard buildings destroyed. Ordinary workmanship buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes damaged in some cases, some with flexible frames seriously damaged. Damage or permanent distortion to some buildings and bridges, designed and built to normal use standards. Houses not secured to foundations shifted off. Brick veneers fall and expose frames. Environment : Cracking of ground conspicuous. Landsliding general on steep slopes. Liquefaction effects intensified and more widespread, with large lateral spreading and flow sliding adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc.
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