Volcano news Updates – Sabancaya, Fogo, Nevado del Ruiz, Shiveluch, Nishinoshima, Klyuchevskoy, Sakurajima, Shishaldin, Karymsky, Bardarbunga

Last update: January 28, 2015 at 1:06 pm by By

On this page : Fogo (Cabo Verde), Bardarbunga (Iceland), Kilauea (Hawaii), Stromboli (Sicily),  Aso (Japan), Popocatepetl (Mexico),  Reventador (Ecuador), Chiles and Cerro Negro (Colombia), Erebus (Antarctica), Pavlof (Alaska), Sinabung (Indonesia), Mayon (Philippines), Tokashidake (Japan)

New additions will always be on top and if the page gets too long, we will cut off a part of it and archive it. This url will always be the one to follow and if you leave your tab open in your browser, the page will refresh every 30 minutes automatically.
This report is compiled out of many information sources.
On Twitter follow us on  @volcanoreport and @JanineKrippner

Earthquake-report.com can only survive with PRIVATE DONATIONS

Your gift will be highly appreciated, Thank You

For our El Hierro volcano report : Click here


-
Sabancaya, Peru – January 28, 12:45 UTC (Janine)
VT seismicity associated with rock fracturing continues with an average of 122 events per day, located 14 km NNE of the crater. Some events have been felt by nearby residents. The occurrence of hybrid earthquakes associated with the presence of magmatic material has increased in the past three days. Tremor events have increased in number and in power over the past three days and LP events associated with fluid movement have decreased. Fumerolic emissions are intermittent with a decrease in emission height. No thermal anomalies have been detected by satellite monitoring. These events are interpreted to be a result of the disturbance of the hydrothermal system by magmatic intrusion.

Fogo, Cape Verde – January 28, 12:25 UTC (Janine)
Activity continues two months after the eruption commenced with an active lava flow front moving an average of 1.5 m per hour, progressing ~15 m in the past 12 hours. The Uni-CV team believes the flow may be moving through lava tunnels, with the front now 1500 m from the vent. Activity at the vent continues with degassing and explosions.

Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia – January 28, 12:00 UTC (Janine)
The Servicio Geológico Colombiano’s (SGC) Observatorio Vulcanológico and Sismológico de Manizales reports the continuation of VT seismic activity associated with rock fracturing within the volcano, occurring mainly to the north, northeast, southeast, and near the Arenas crater at depths between 1.0-9.0 km. Seismic activity associated with fluid dynamics in the conduit and gas (including water vapor and sulfur dioxide) and ash emission is also being recorded. An ash column reached 1500 m above the crater, mainly white but with some grey indicating the presence of ash.

Shiveluch, Kamchatka – January 28, 01:10 UTC (Janine)
KVERT reports that a thermal anomaly remains over the active dome accompanying incandescence, fumerolic activity, and moderate ash explosions.

The active dome from the south. Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk, volkstat.ru

The active dome from the south. Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk, volkstat.ru

The active dome from the south. Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk, volkstat.ru

Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk, volkstat.ru

The active dome from the south. Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk, volkstat.ru

Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk, volkstat.ru

Klyuchevskoy, Kamchatka – January 28, 01:10 UTC (Janine)
KVERT reports the continuation of strombolian and vulcanian activity producing ash and incandescence at the summit.

Ash plume at Klyuchevskoy. Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk, volkstat.ru

Ash plume at Klyuchevskoy. Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk, volkstat.ru

Incandescence at the summit. Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk, volkstat.ru

Incandescence at the summit. Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk, volkstat.ru

Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk, volkstat.ru

Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk, volkstat.ru

Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk, volkstat.ru

Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk, volkstat.ru


Chaparrastique/San Miguel, El Salvador – January 27, 20:40 UTC (Janine)
MARN reports a small explosion yesterday ay 6:43 am local time. The presence of ash in local areas was confirmed by volcanologists and the below photo was taken showing gas emission from the crater.

Photo courtesy of Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (MARN)

Photo courtesy of Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (MARN)


Shiveluch, Kamchatka – January 26, 20:40 UTC (Janine)
Volkstat.ru reports an eruption at Shiveluch today at 18:25 local time producing an ash column to 8 km and lightening as seen in the black and white infrared images below. The eruption is due to the explosive dome growth and collapse that is ongoing at Shiveluch.

Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk.

Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk.

Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk.

Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk.

Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk.

Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk.

Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk.

Image courtesy of Yu.Demyanchuk.

Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai, Tonga – January 26, 13:45 UTC (Janine)
Tonga’s news website Matangi reports that there is currently no sign of activity. The islands dimensions are 120 m high, 1.5 by 2.0 km in size, with crater diameter estimated to be 400 – 500 m. They have released the following images of the new crater, taken on 24 January.

Courtesy of Tonga Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources.

Courtesy of Tonga Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources.

Courtesy of Tonga Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources.

Courtesy of Tonga Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources.

The following image shows the growth of the island from 2 July 2014 to 19 January 2015, courtesy of Airbus Defence and Space.

Nishinoshima, Japan – January 26, 13:30 UTC (Janine)
Nishinoshima continues to add to the young island off the Coast of Japan. The following photos and video have been released by the Japan Coast Guard Hydrographic and Oceanographic Department on January 21.

Courtesy of the Japan Coast Guard.

Courtesy of the Japan Coast Guard.

Courtesy of the Japan Coast Guard.

Courtesy of the Japan Coast Guard.

Courtesy of the Japan Coast Guard.

Courtesy of the Japan Coast Guard.

Courtesy of the Japan Coast Guard.

Courtesy of the Japan Coast Guard.

Klyuchevskoy, Kamchatka – January 26, 13:00 UTC (Janine)
KVERT reports the continuing strombolian and vulcanian activity at Klyuchevskoy with observed incandescence and ash explosions. Satellite data shows a bright thermal anomaly at the summit. The below photos are of activity on 25 January.

Photo courtesy of Yu. Demyanchuk.

Photo courtesy of Yu. Demyanchuk.

Photo courtesy of Yu. Demyanchuk.

Photo courtesy of Yu. Demyanchuk.

Photo courtesy of Yu. Demyanchuk.

Photo courtesy of Yu. Demyanchuk.


Sakurajima, Japan – January 24, 16:00 UTC (Janine)
A video has been released of an explosion at Sakurajima ejecting incandescent material and an ash plume to 4000 m.

Shishaldin, Alaska – January 24, 14:15 UTC (Janine)
The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) has released a weekly update for Shishaldin reporting low level activity that has increased over the past 2 days. Satellite images show strongly elevated temperatures that are consistent with lava in the crater. Seismicity is slightly above background levels and small explosions at the crater have been indicated by ground-coupled air waves. This activity is consistent with the observations over the past months that has included lava effusion and small volumes of ash that deposit onto the volcano.

Karymsky, Kamchatka – January 24, 14:10 UTC (Janine)
KVERT has reported moderate seismic activity and a thermal anomaly at the summit as seen in satellite data. NASA Earth Observatory released the following image that was acquired on 18 January. Visible in the image is a steam plume coming from the vent, and ashfall deposits to the southeast.

NASA Earth Observatory image acquired January 18.

NASA Earth Observatory image acquired January 18.


 

Kilauea, Hawaii – January 23, 12:35 UTC (Janine)
The Hawaii County Civil Defense reports that the original flow front remains stalled. The northern breakout is widening but showing little advancement since yesterday. Two other breakouts along the northern side show little activity and no visible advancement, as well as a number of breakouts along both flow margins and within the flow. There is no current threat to communities.

Hawaii County Civil Defense lava flow map, updated 22 January at 7 am (Local time).

Hawaii County Civil Defense lava flow map, updated 22 January at 7 am (Local time).

Shishaldin, Alaska, USA – January 23, 12:30 UTC (Janine)
The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) reports ‘strongly elevated’ temperatures at the summit seen in satellite images acquired last night. This is possibly indicating lava in the crater. Light ash fall was seen on the upper snowy flanks through the webcam.


 

FYI - January 22, 15:29 UTC (Armand)
We have archived a big chunk of this article. See link at the bottom of this page

Sabancaya, Peru – January 22, 13:00 UTC (Janine)
The Geophysical Institute of Peru (IGP) Southern Volcano Observatory (OVS) reports a disturbance in hydrothermal systems due to minor magmatic intrusion under Sabancaya volcano. The intrusion is generating seismic activity. Activity may increase over the next few days but no violent explosive activity is expected unless the situation changes. The increase in seismic activity has resulted in some earthquakes felt by nearby residents of Maca and Pinchollo.
Bardarbunga, Iceland - January 22, 12:25 UTC (Janine)
A surveillance flight with the Icelandic Coast Guard was taken yesterday to assess the volcano. The Icelandic Met Office released the photo below showing the southern end of the rampart with the active lava lake and gas emissions. Results of this flight are pending. The Institute of Earth Sciences processed the NASA EO-1 satellite image below showing the flow field topography with enhanced active areas. The field is now 84.7 km² in size.

Photo taken by Morten S. Riishuus, courtesy of the Icelandic Met Office.

Photo taken by Morten S. Riishuus, courtesy of the Icelandic Met Office.

NASA EO-1 image acquired on 21.1.2015, processed by the Institute of Earth Sciences. Courtesy of the Icelandic Met Office.

NASA EO-1 image acquired on 21.1.2015, processed by the Institute of Earth Sciences. Courtesy of the Icelandic Met Office.

Colima, Mexico - January 21, 16:25 UTC (Janine)
An explosion occurred at 9:13 am (local time) this morning and was recorded on the webcam:

Fogo, Cabo Verde - January 21, 16:10 UTC (Janine)
Fogo news reports that activity has intensified, with strong explosions producing incandescent pyroclastic material, gas, and ash plumes that reach 300 m. The Uni-CV team thinks that Fogo is now in the declining phase of the eruption, which has now been ongoing for 2 months.

Kilauea, Hawaii – January 21, 12:50 UTC (Janine)
USGS has released an updated lava flow map for the June 27 flow. The Hawaii Civil Defense described a sluggish, disorganized flow, with the northern breakout only advancing 15 yards since yesterday, still 0.4 miles from Highway 130. The vigorous breakout shown in yesterday’s video (see below) has slowed down.

Courtesy of USGS.

Courtesy of USGS.

Chiles and Cerro Negro, Ecuador/Colombia – January 21, 12:40 UTC (Janine)
Servicio Geológico Colombiano’s (SGC) Observatorio Vulcanológico and Sismológico de Pasto reports a gradual increase in seismic activity in occurrance and energy. There is a possible magma intrusion at depth but there is no change in surface activity recorded.

Cerro Machin, Colombia – January 21, 12:35 UTC (Janine)
Servicio Geológico Colombiano’s (SGC) Observatorio Vulcanológico and Sismológico de Manizales reports continued elevated seismic activity the the southeast of the main dome at depths of 2-10 km. The activity is of volcano-tectonic nature, associated with the fracturing of rock. No other monitoring parameters show any major changes.


Kilauea, Hawaii – January 20, 13:15 UTC (Janine)
Footage of a breakout on the June 27 lava flow was captured on 19 January. The breakout is occurring 1-1.5 miles from the flow front that remains stalled.

Fuego, Guatemala – January 20, 13:10 UTC (Janine)
INSIVUMEH have been recording 4-5 explosions per hour among weak, moderate, and strong plumes reaching an average altitude of 4,300 to 4,700 m and dispersing between 10 to 12 km to the west. Some homes near the volcano are feeling the shock waves produced by explosions. Weak avalanches continue down to the vegetation line.

Aso, Japan – January 20, 13:00 UTC (Janine)
Strombolian activity continues and is visible on the Kyoto University webcam. You can see incandescent material being thrown from the vent as gas bubbles burst at the surface.

Courtesy of Kyoto University.

Courtesy of Kyoto University.

Courtesy of Kyoto University.

Courtesy of Kyoto University.

Courtesy of Kyoto University.

Courtesy of Kyoto University.


Bardarbunga, Iceland - January 19, 13:40 UTC (Janine @janinekrippner)
The Institute of Earth Sciences has released an image of the lava field, enhanced to display the active areas of the flow. The field is now 84.6 km².

NASA EO-1 image acquired 18 January. Courtesy of the Institute of Earth Sciences.

NASA EO-1 image acquired 18 January. Courtesy of the Institute of Earth Sciences.

Shiveluch, Klyuchevskoy, Karymsky, and Zhupanovsky, Kamchatka – January 19, 11:15 UTC (Janine)
The below NASA Rapid Response Terra/MODIS image acquired today shows fresh deposits on the four volcanoes. Tokyo VAAC has issued ash advisories for all four.

Satellite image courtesy of NASA Rapid Response.

Satellite image courtesy of NASA Rapid Response.

Satellite image courtesy of NASA Rapid Response.

Satellite image courtesy of NASA Rapid Response.


 

Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai, Tonga – January 18, 15:20 UTC (Janine)
New Zealand volcanologists are investigating the ongoing eruption. The video shows white steam plumes and dark grey jets that are a result of the lava coming into contact with sea water, depositing wet, heavy ash around the vent.
See video here

Image from One News video.

Image from One News video.

Sinabung, Indonesia – January 18, 14:55 UTC (Janine)
The Indonesian National Agency for Disaster Management reports continued high levels of activity at Sinabung. The Darwin VAAC has issued a volcanic ash advisory. High seismic activity includes low-frequency events and constant tremor, and incandescent lava can be seen at the summit. 2,443 people continue to be displaced after leaving their homes in September 2013.

Soputan, Indonesia  -  January 18, 14:45 UTC (Janine)
The Darwin VAAC has released a volcanic ash advisory for a 4000 m ash plume. The Indonesian National Agency for Disaster Management reports thick white emissions up to 600 m above the crater, and strombolian eruption heights of 500 m above the crater scattering incandescent material around the vent. Seismic activity is very high. Soputan is on Alert level 3 and it is recommended that people stay further than 6.5 km away from the summit.

Shiveluch, Kamchatka – January 18, 14:30 UTC (Janine)
KVERT reports an eruption at Shiveluch producing an ash plume up to 5000 m (16,400 ft), moving to the southeast.

Courtesy of volkstat.ru.

Courtesy of volkstat.ru.

Courtesy of volkstat.ru.

Courtesy of volkstat.ru.


 

Aso, Japan – January 17, 14:30 UTC (Janine)
The NASA Earth Observatory has released an OLI Satellite image of an ash plume from Aso volcano, acquired on 13 January.

Courtesy of the NASA Earth Observatory.

Courtesy of the NASA Earth Observatory.

Courtesy of the NASA Earth Observatory.

Courtesy of the NASA Earth Observatory.

Bardarbunga, Iceland - January 17, 14:11 UTC (Janine)
Yesterday’s scientific advisory board reported a current rate of lava effusion of 50-70 m³ per second. Seismic activity continues to be strong, although is weaker than the first few months of the eruption. High sulfur dioxide levels are still being recorded. The latest EO-1 ALI satellite image from the Icelandic Met Office with an up to date lava field outline is below.

NASA EO-1 ALI Satellite image acquired 16 January 2015 at 11:08.

NASA EO-1 ALI Satellite image acquired 16 January 2015 at 11:08.


Bardarbunga, Iceland – January 16, 10:50 UTC (Janine)
The Icelandic Met Office has released a new EO-1 ALI satellite image showing the current active areas of the lava field. The lava field is now 84.3 km².

Courtesy of the Icelandic Met Office.

Courtesy of the Icelandic Met Office.

Kilauea, Hawaii – January 16, 00:50 UTC (Janine)
A breakout on the June 27 lava flow, 700 m (765 yards) upslope from the current flow front, is situated to become the new flow front. The breakout has been advancing at a rate ~180 m (200 yards) per day over the past 48 hours and is now ~965 m (0.6 miles) from Highway 130, is currently west of the police and fire stations. The two breakouts 1.6-2.4 km (1-1.5 miles) upslope remain active along the path of steepest descent that leads to Highway 130, moving at a slower rate of ~46 m (50 yards) per day. Bush fires are burning an area about 10 acres in size. Heavy vog (volcanic fog) and smoke are present in the lower Puna area and throughout Hilo.

Current webcam image from the Pahoa marketplace. Courtesy of HVO USGS.

Current webcam image from the Pahoa marketplace. Courtesy of HVO USGS.

Dukono, Indonesia – January 16, 00:30 UTC (Janine)
The Darwin VAAC has released (another) ash advisory. Explosive activity continues.

Courtesy of the Darwin VAAC.

Courtesy of the Darwin VAAC.

Aso, Japan – January 16, 00:15 UTC (Janine)
Eruptive activity continues, with Tokyo VAAC releasing a volcanic ash advisory. The current view from one of the Aso volcano webcams is shown below.
Aso15.1.15_


OLDER ARCHIVED PARTS OF THIS REPORT :

2013 : July 8 – July 31
2013 : June 24 – July 7
2013 : June 8 – June 23
2013 : May 26 – June 7
2013 : June 8 – August 20
2013 : August 21 – October 27
2013 : October 28 – December 12
2013 : December 13 – January 30
2014 : February 1 – May 20
2014 : May 21 – August 20
2014 : August 21 – August 28 (Bardarbunga volcano Iceland)
2014 : August 29 – September 4 (Bardarbunga and Tavurvur)
2014 : September 5 – September 18 (Bardarbunga and Mayon)
2014 : September 19 – October 6 (Bardarbunga, Mayon, Long Valley and Ontakesan deadly eruption)
2014 : October 7 – November 4 (Bardarbunga, Kilauea, Chiles, Sinabung)
2014 : November 5 – November 22 (Bardarbunga, Long Valley, Colima, Pavlov, Kilauea, etc)
2014 : November 23 – November 28 (Fogo, Aso, Bardarbunga, etc)
2014 : November 29 – December 4 (Fogo, Bardarbunga, Kilauea, etc)
2014 : December 5 – December 13 (too many to describe)
2015 : December 14 – January 15 (too many to describe)

Comments

  1. Gordon Hervey says:

    October 18 2013 UTC
    I always enjoy these reports and wanted to ask a question that I have also posted on Volcano Monitor. Japan Today has an Oct 18 article “Izu Oshima mayor under fire for not issuing evacuation orders.” A Tokyo Uni expert is quoted “the top layer of volcanic ash from recent explosions had been washed off by the massive rainfall….knocking down trees and…houses”. Dozens still missing or dead. My point is that the local volcano Mount Mihara must have had frequent explosions, yet I have not seen the name before now on any listings, anywhere. Modis data problems, Japan keeping secrets, what could this sort of thing imply?

    • Richard Rodger Wilson says:

      Hi Gordon,

      You have to remember, when a volcanologist (geologist) says “recent” he may be referring to an event that has occurred during the last 10,000 years! Mount Mihara has in fact erupted more recently (in a big way in 1986!) to produce exposed ash layers on the island. Regardless of their age, fragmental volcanic deposits are always susceptible to remobilization from heavy rains. If you live any time on a volcano you will understand this, so I don’t understand the accusatory aspect of the headline.

      Thanks for reading our report!

      Rodger

    • Gordon Hervey says:

      Thanks very much for your reply, I’m browsing a bit to try and find how ‘recent’ the Mt Mihara explosions have been. Apparently the mayor was out of town during the typhoon and took a decision NOT to evacuate Izu. As it turned out, that cost a lot of lives. It would seem to me that the description of ash buildup as ‘recent’ probably means ‘since the previous typhoon’, as otherwise the disaster might have occured then?

  2. Craig Heden says:

    Multiple seismo stations around Mt. Shasta are showing what appears to be episodic “pulses” of activity.
    The amplitude of some events are significantly higher than what I usually see.
    I am in visual contact with Mt. Shasta from my home, and no weather-related phenomena appears present.
    I wonder if this is the beginning/associated of deep-tremor event, or whether there is magmatic movement involved? Or, maybe purely tectonic?
    Maybe Roger can comment if this activity is indeed unusual?

    • Armand Vervaeck says:

      I will surely ask Rodger, Craig – Thanks for commenting

    • Richard Rodger Wilson says:

      Hi Craig,

      I’m pretty sure the pulses (the longer, cigar-shaped signals?) you refer to are actually produced by trains (provided you are looking at the northwest flank and Military Pass seismometers). How do I know this you ask?,…I used to maintain the College of the Siskiyous seismographs way back in the early 1980′s for Mr. Paul Dawson who was the C.O.S. Geology Instructor at that time.

      Thanks for your readership Craig!

      Rodger

    • Craig Heden says:

      Rodger and Armand,
      Thanks for your attention to my question. The two stations I was noting unusual seismo-signals were LMP and LGB. Both stations appear quite a ways away from the railroad. Also, as of now, (10-17-13, 12:36 PDT), both stations indicate different types of activity occurred early in the plot as compared to later on. The time duration for each period of elevated signals is also is quite long. I know how long the freight trains can be up there ( I fish the Cantera loop area often), but the duration of the activity appears too long for even the largest trains? Thanks again if you have any further info or theories to share.

  3. Matthew says:

    Some red on the White Island seismic drum today!
    http://www.geonet.org.nz/p/volcano/drums/latest/wiz-seismic-drum.png
    pretty hard to tell whether there was actually an eruption or not, typical NZ weather!

  4. Paul Wyse says:

    I’m curious about the fact that the main seismograph for Cerro Negro in Nicaragua picks up so many more of the volcanic earthquakes at Momotomobo than any of the other INETER seismographs. Has anyone speculated on a remote plumbing connection between Cerro Negro and Momotombo even though they seem to be a litte too far apart? Telica is certainly much closer to Cerro Negro than Momotombo is and yet it seems that there’s only tectonic earthquakes that seem to show up on both the Cerro Negro and Telica graphs.

    • Richard Rodger Wilson says:

      Hi Paul,

      Sorry it’s taken so long for me to respond to your questions! I’m not that familiar with seismic equipment that INETER has on each of the volcanoes, but the discrepencies you noted in seismic data from adjacent volcanoes usually results from: a) different settings in the gain or amplification of individual stations, and b) the type of seismometers placed on individual volcanoes. For instance, many observatories have switched-over to using broad-band instrumentation at volcanoes during the past decade to detect (just as the name implies) the broader range of seismic wave frequencies generated by volcanoes. The “old school” (i.e. less sensitive) single-component vertical seismometers (but continue to be used) are most sensitive to the relatively high frequencies (> 5Hz) generated by nearby events and have difficulty in detecting special types (low-frequency) of volcanic earthquakes as well as more distant events.

      Hope this helps!
      Rodger

  5. rachael says:

    hello i live twety miles of mount shasta its looms in our view in most siskiyou couny. I dont feel it will blow up no earth quakes here the large earth quake a while ago originating frm lassen was not even noticable my thaughts are that lassen will be going sooner tan later that is not far from here
    George Wilson.. if you ever need photos or information from someone who lives next to mount shasta let me know… your site is so great thanks yu

    • Armand Vervaeck says:

      Thanks George! There was just a small earthquake at Mount Shasta overnight! I used to live in Weed for three years in the early 1980′s. There was alot more activity around Shasta at that time. You are right, it is very quiet for a volcano!

  6. Hi My name is Alex Schmollinger and I’m from Dallas TX and i just want too know is MT. Shasta getting ready too go off and blow it’s top in the 2013 year too come and i was in the Shasta area and i didn’t see any smoke or feel any recent quakes around the big Shasta Volcano so i need someone out there too tell me is Mt Shasta going too go off in 2013 year span or no?

    • Richard Rodger Wilson says:

      Hi Alex,

      Actually, Mount Shasta is one of the “quieter” Cascade volcanoes. There were seismic episodes during the late 1970′s, early 1980′s and again in the early 1990′s that made volcanologists sort of sit up and take notice of Mount Shasta, but since those periods,…the volcano has been relatively silent.

  7. v says:

    “This is likely the result of the infamous “familiarity breeds contempt” syndrome where the local population becomes complacent near a growing lava dome.” The real problem is that the scientists are blind and they suffer from the same syndrome.

    • Richard Rodger Wilson says:

      Hi v,

      Not so much the scientists being blind in this case. We are all to some extent free to (…and guilty of) ignore clear warning signs in all sorts of circumstances.

Speak Your Mind

*

Desktop Version