Volcano news Updates – Gamalama video, Fogo drone video, Stepping on fresh pahoehoe lava

Last update: December 22, 2014 at 10:12 am by By

On this page : Fogo (Cabo Verde), Bardarbunga (Iceland), Kilauea (Hawaii), Stromboli (Sicily),  Aso (Japan), Popocatepetl (Mexico),  Reventador (Ecuador), Chiles and Cerro Negro (Colombia), Erebus (Antarctica), Pavlof (Alaska), Sinabung (Indonesia), Mayon (Philippines), Tokashidake (Japan)

New additions will always be on top and if the page gets too long, we will cut off a part of it and archive it. This url will always be the one to follow and if you leave your tab open in your browser, the page will refresh every 30 minutes automatically.
This report is compiled out of many information sources.
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Erebus, Antarctica- December 22, 09:45 UTC (Janine)
The Erebus Volcano Observatory has released thermal images taken of recent explosions within the active summit lava lake.

Courtesy of MEVO.

Courtesy of MEVO.

Courtesy of MEVO.

Courtesy of MEVO.

Mayon, Philippines – December 22, 09:18 UTC (Janine)
PHIVOLCS reports that the volcano’s alert status has been downgraded from Alert Level 3, to Alert Level 2. This results from a reduced likelihood that a hazardous eruption will occur within days to weeks. Mayon remains in a current state of unrest. The edifice is still inflated although ground deformation data from continuous tilt monitoring indicates that the magma body has stalled at depth beneath the northern flank. Entry within the 6 km danger zone is still to be avoided as Mayon volcano may produce sudden phreatic eruptions (water driven), rockfalls, avalanches, ash, and lahars.

Bardarbunga, Iceland – December 22, 09:09 UTC (Janine)
The latest NASA and USGS EO-1 ALI thermal image shows the activity at the northeastern margin, 15 km away from the vent, as of December 20.

Courtesty of NASA and USGS.

Courtesty of NASA and USGS.


 

Gamalama, Ternate, Indonesia December 21, 09:(! UTC (Armand)
Seismic activity Gamalama in Ternate increased again yesterday. Bursts of hot clouds and thick volcanic ash were noticed.

Fogo, Cabo Verde December 21, 09:19 UTC (Armand)
Drone video footage over the lava fields  – Click here to be linked to the “Fogo only” page

A so called “fun video” to proof how lava behaves when you step on it - December 20 (Armand)
Our opinion : Remove it from YouTube in the current form. The video gives the impression that it is fun but writes everywhere that you should not do it. 2.5 million people shared this video in 8 days. We are absolutely convinced that some people will also try it if they can get to a lava field. The chance that you will loose a foot is relatively high. Lava has a temperature of 1000 to 1200 °C. + we do not believe that the person is a professional and even less that he would approve showing this video on YouTube.

Screen Shot 2014-12-20 at 19.06.24

Kilauea, Hawaii December 20, 16:11 UTC (Armand)
Advancement of the flow continued at a slower rate, compared to earlier in the week, and the flow moved about 120 meters (130 yards) in the past 24 hours. A southern branch of the flow on this map was stalled when mapped this morning. The more northerly advancing branch was 0.9 km (0.6 miles) away from the back of the Pahoa Marketplace, measured in a straight line. A HAWAII County Civil Defense overflight this afternoon observed about 40 yards advance over the past 12 hours suggesting further slowing.
While the flow fronts were slowing, there was abundant evidence of inflation (see photos) indicating that both branches remained active.

Screen Shot 2014-12-20 at 17.13.39

Click on the image to watch it at full size

Popocatepetl, Mexico – December 20 (Armand)
Popocatetl is know for his exhalation (or explosions). The compressed map below shows 5 of them . The other map shows the number of tremor minutes during the last week and the number of explosions during the same period.

Image courtesy Cenapred Mexico

Image courtesy Cenapred Mexico

Screen Shot 2014-12-20 at 17.01.31


Gamalama, Ternate, Indonesia – December 19, 13:31 UTC
One hiker is missing and nine have been injured after Mount Gamalama in Ternate, North Maluku, erupted on Thursday, sending thick plumes of volcanic ash across the island. The volcano erupted about 10 p.m. local time on Thursday, spewing ash and smoke hundreds of meters into the air, and blanketing dozens of villages on Ternate. The island’s main airport, Sultan Babullah Airport, was forced to close this morning due to poor visibility. Indonesia’s National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) on Thursday said nine hikers, who were on the flanks of the volcano when it erupted, were injured while trying to run to safety.
“The hikers were injured when they were trying to save themselves from the eruption,” said BNPB spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, as quoted by Tempo.co. Four hikers with serious injuries are being treated in Ternate hospital, Sutopo said. The five others, who suffered light injures, have returned home. A search and rescue team of about 80 people was deployed to search for one hiker still missing. “The victim missing was one of the hikers who were climbing Mount Gamalama since Wednesday,” Sutopo said.
Several flights to and from Sultan Babullah Airport have been canceled today and the airport remains closed. (Source Jakarta Globe)

Bardarbunga, Iceland – December 19, 13:08 UTC (Armand)
Report of the Scientific Advisory Board earlier today
* Insubstantial changes have been in the volcanic eruption in Holuhraun over the last few weeks. Indication show that the lava is now mainly flowing inside closed channels except closest to the crater. One of the main lava channels is now flowing to the north.
* Seismic activity in Bardarbunga continues to be strong. The strongest earthquake since noon on Tuesday, 17. December, was magnitude M5,3 on Wednesday, 17. December, at 13:59 on the northern rim of the caldera. The earthquake was felt in Akureyri. About 6 earthquakes between M4,0-5,0 were detected since Tuesday. In total about 200 earthquakes were detected in Bardarbunga since noon on Tuesday.
* About 20 earthquakes were detected in the dyke and around the eruption site in Holuhraun since Tuesday. All smaller then magnitude M2,0.
* GPS measurements near northern Vatnajokull glacier show continuing slow subsidence towards Bardarbunga. The rate of the subsidence has slowly decreased.
* Yesterday, 18. December, scientists flew over Bardarbunga. The data collected in the flight show that the subsidence of the caldera continues with similar rate as before. The caldera has subsided between 4-5 meters since 4. December and the south caldera rim has subsided between 7-8 meters since the beginning of the seismic activity in August.
* Telecommunications with the GPS station in Bardarbunga caldera have not been established yet. Due to bad weather forecast it is unlikely that scientists will be able to travel to Bardarbunga in the next few days. A connection will be established with the GPS station as soon as possible.

Screen Shot 2014-12-19 at 14.07.39

White Island, New Zealand


Kilauea, Hawaii December 18, 20:06 UTC (Janine)
HVO reports that the active flow front is now 1.3 km (0.8 miles) from the Pahoa Village Road and Highway 130 intersection, after advancing approximately 150 m (165 yards) since yesterday. The flow consists of two closely-spaced, narrow lava flow fingers that are heading in the same direction, and may be slowing. HVO staff have put in place 2 time lapse web cams near the Pahoa Marketplace, one focusing on the market, and the other up slope. The current webcam images are below.

HVO webcam view of the Marketplace taken Dec 18, 09:54 local time.

HVO webcam view of the Marketplace taken Dec 18, 09:54 local time.

HVO webcam view of up slope of the Marketplace taken Dec 18, 09:54 local time.

HVO webcam view of up slope of the Marketplace taken Dec 18, 09:54 local time.

Gamalama, Ternate, Indonesia erupts – December 18, 18:09 UTC
Volcan Gamalama had 2 ash explosions a little earlier. 10 people did notice the authorities that they would climb the volcano. Since then no news. Depending on their climbing route and level at the time of the explosions, their situation maybe very harmful.  We can compare this ash explosion best with the many people killed on the Ontake volcano in Japan. Lets hope that everyone will reach a safe location asap. We will keep you updated about their faith.
Gamalama is currently in Waspada or level II on a IV scale alert since October 9 2014

Image courtesy and copyright Okezone Indonesia

Image courtesy and copyright Okezone Indonesia

Screen Shot 2014-12-18 at 20.02.16 Screen Shot 2014-12-18 at 20.06.17

Volcano activity of the world (last 7 days) – December 18, 15:00 UTC (Armand)
Bulletin collected and published by the Smithsonian Institute

Screen Shot 2014-12-18 at 18.05.41Asosan  | Kyushu (Japan)
JMA reported that, based on seismicity and infrasound data, the eruption from Asosan’s Nakadake Crater that began on 25 November continued during 8-12 December; inclement weather often prevented observations of the crater. A webcam recorded tephra being carried by high winds and deposited in an area 1 km W. During a field survey on 10 December volcanologists observed 20-cm-wide blocks near the crater and 5-10-cm-wide blocks within 1.2 km SW of the crater. Plumes rose 600 m above the crater and incandescent material was sometimes ejected onto the crater rim. During 12-15 December the plume rose 1 km above the crater rim. Ashfall was reported E in Hanoi Aso (Kumamoto Region). Incandescent material was occasionally ejected onto the crater rim. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-5).

Chirinkotan  | Kuril Islands (Russia)
SVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Chirinkotan was detecetd in satellite images during 10-11 and 13-14 December. Cloud cover obscured views on the other days during 8-15 December. The Aviation Color Code remained at Yellow.

Fogo  | Cape Verde  | 14.95°N, 24.35°W  | Elevation 2829 m
According to news articles the rate of lava output from Fogo’s Pico cone inside the Cha Caldera had decreased on 9 December and remained low through 14 December. Gas and ash emissions also decreased and were almost absent by 14 December. Even though output was low, the remaining buildings in the town of Bangaeira were overtaken by lava.

Kusatsu-Shiranesan  | Honshu (Japan)  | 36.618°N, 138.528°E  | Elevation 2165 m
During 5-12 December JMA maintained Alert Level 2 for Kusatsu-Shiranesan due to continued unrest. GPS measurements indicated inflation, although thermal anomalies had been absent since July. Volcanic earthquakes continued at a low level and tremor was absent.

Lopevi  | Vanuatu  | 16.507°S, 168.346°E  | Elevation 1413 m
On 15 December the Vanuatu Geohazards Observatory reported that, based on observations and analyses in early December, activity at Lopevi had increased dramatically over a short time period. The Alert Level was raised to 1 (on a scale of 0-4), and access to the island was prohibited.

Moyorodake [Medvezhia]  | Iturup (Etorofu) Island (Japan/Russia)  | 45.389°N, 148.838°E  | Elevation 1124 m
On 12 December SVERT reported that activity at Kudriavy, a stratovolcano of the Medvezhia volcanic complex, had not increased since 1 December. The Aviation Color Code was lowered to Green.

Nevado del Ruiz  | Colombia  | 4.895°N, 75.322°W  | Elevation 5321 m
Servicio Geológico Colombiano’s (SGC) Observatorio Vulcanológico and Sismológico de Manizales reported that on 15 December at 0738 seismic signals indicating ash emissions were detected, and then confirmed, by a local webcam and residents. Based on a pilot observation, the Washington VAAC noted that an ash plume drifted almost 20 km S that same day. The Alert Level remained at III (Yellow; “changes in the behavior of volcanic activity”).
Source: Servicio Geológico Colombiano (SGC)

Sinarka  | Shiashkotan Island (Russia)  | 48.875°N, 154.175°E  | Elevation 934 m
SVERT reported that on 8 December satellite images of Sinarka showed diffuse steam-and-gas emissions. Cloud cover obscured views on the other days during 9-15 December. The Aviation Color Code was raised to Yellow.

Villarrica  | Chile
According to Projecto Observación Visual Volcán Villarrica (POVI), satellite images of Villarrica acquired on 10 and 26 November and 3 December revealed a progressively more intense thermal anomaly. Photographs on 9 December showed particulates suspended above the crater rim, and the next day a thin veneer of ash covered the NW edge of the crater rim. Detonations from the crater were heard during 10-12 December. On 13 December observers noted that the intense blasts of gas from the previous few days had removed some ash deposits from the inner crater wall leaving lighter colored streaks.

Zhupanovsky  | Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)
KVERT reported that an eruption at Zhupanovsky continued during 5-12 December. Satellite images detected a thermal anomaly on 9 December; the volcano was either quiet or obscured by clouds on the other days. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.

Fogo, Cabo Verde December 18, 17:03 UTC (Armand)
New lava flow map – Click here to be linked to the “Fogo only” page

Sinabung, Sumatra, Indonesia - December 18, 11:58 UTC (Armand)
If you love pyroclastic flows and explosive volcanoes, book a ticket to Indonesia and have the time of your life (at least when you respect the safety parameters)

Bardarbunga, Iceland – December 18, 11:58 UTC (Armand)


Bardarbunga, Iceland – December 17, 14:33 UTC (Armand)
A strong M5.3 earthquake at the Bardarbunga rim was felt in large parts of Iceland. The earthquake is however nothing special and is in line with earlier near M5 quakes, this mainly because of the depth of the hypocenter at 6.9 km.

Screen Shot 2014-12-17 at 15.29.15

Bardarbunga, Iceland – December 17, 12:41 UTC (Armand)
Gradual fading of seismic activity at Bárðarbunga and the dyke intrusion (since the events of 16th August 2014)
The earthquake sequence around Bárðarbunga in 2014 continues at high levels, but has shown clear signs of gradual fading during the last weeks and months. This slow decay of activity is reflected by lower magnitudes and numbers of earthquakes, seen as a general decrease of seismic moment release.
The figure shows the decrease of seismic moment release and numbers of events with respect to time between the onset of the earthquake swarm on 16 August (week 0) and today, 16 December (week 18). The cumulative moment and numbers of events are calculated for each week; i.e. for each week the earthquakes of certain magnitude ranges were counted and the moment of all earthquakes was simply summed up.
Read the full article here

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Ruapehu, New Zealand – December 17 12:37 UTC (Armand)

Asosan, Japan – December 17 12:37 UTC (Armand)


Tokashidake, Hokkaido, Japan – December 16 23:31 UTC (Armand)
JMA increased the volcanic alert from 1 to 2 on a scale of 5 (Do not approach the crater) due to increased seismicity
Summary : Tokachidake volcano consists of a group of dominantly andesitic stratovolcanoes and lava domes arranged on a NE-SW line above a plateau of welded Pleistocene tuffs in central Hokkaido. Numerous explosion craters and cinder cones are located on the upper flanks of the small stratovolcanoes, with the youngest Holocene centers located at the NW end of the chain. Frequent historical eruptions, consisting mostly of mild-to-moderate phreatic explosions, have been recorded since the mid-19th century. Two larger eruptions occurred in 1926 and 1962. Partial cone collapse of the western flank during the 1926 eruption produced a disastrous debris avalanche and mudflow. (source: Smithsonian Institute)

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Photo courtesy of Japan Meteorological Agency, 1988.

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Science – Behavior of different type of lava in contact with snow – December 16 (Armand)
Volcano observations reveal jets of steam shooting out of the ice and lava moving like a giant caterpillar – although the lava type can make a big difference

For Your Information (Armand)
We have cut a big part of this page, the part from December 5 until December 13. The link to this archived part is or here or at the bottom of the page.

Bardarbunga, Iceland – December 15, 23:34 UTC (Armand)
Report of the Scientific Advisory Board earlier today
* Insubstantial changes have been in the volcanic eruption in Holuhraun over the last few weeks. Indication show that the lava is now mainly flowing inside closed channels.
* Seismic activity in Bardarbunga continues to be strong. The strongest earthquake since noon on Friday, 12. December, was magnitude M5,4 yesterday, 15. December, at 09:37 on the northern rim of the caldera. About 20 earthquakes larger then M4,0 were detected since Friday. In total about 200 earthquakes were detected in Bardarbunga since noon on Friday. A collection of data from the beginning of the seismic activity in Bardarbunga show a steadily decline in the seismic activity and in the number of large earthquakes.
* On Saturday and Sunday, 13. and 14. December, a minor increased seismic activity was detected in the dyke and around the eruption site in Holuhraun. Between 15 and 20 earthquakes were detected each day, all smaller then magnitude M2,0. Since then about 10 earthquakes a day were detected in the dyke, all smaller then magnitude M2,0.
* GPS measurements near northern Vatnajokull glacier show continuing slow subsidence towards Bardarbunga. The rate of the subsidence has slowly decreased.
* Telecommunications with the GPS station in Bardarbunga caldera have not been established yet. Due to bad weather forecast it is unlikely that scientists will be able to travel to Bardarbunga in the next few days. A connection will be established with the GPS station as soon as possible.

2014: The Year in Volcanic Activity (Armand)
40 great pictures of eruptions in 2014. Enjoy them. Due to Copyright reasons we cannot reproduce the photo’s
Read the full article here

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Zhupanovsky, Russia December 06, 09:17 UTC (Janine)
The Tokyo VAAC has released an ash advisory after an ash plume has been reported to be traveling 70 km to the southeast. KVERT reports that moderate activity continues at the volcano.

Shiveluch, Russia December 06, 09:17 UTC (Janine)
KVERT reports the continuation of the lava dome growth with moderate explosions, avalanches, and fumerolic activity. The Tokyo VAAC has released an ash advisory after satellite data shows an ash plume moving up to 109 km to the southeast, accompanying a thermal anomaly at the summit dome.

Sinabung, Indonesia December 06, 08:56 UTC (Janine)
The Badan Geologi has released an updated map of the summit dome with a length of 215 m, and lava lobe which is now 2,947 m long. Between December 8-15 the instability of the lobe and dome has resulted in an average of 184 seismic events per day. In this period 53 pyroclastic flows have been recorded, traveling up to 4,500 m to the south, and a maximum of 1,000 m to the southeast. The current threat is believed to be limited to a radius of 5 km.

Lava lobe and dome measurements. Courtesy of Badan Geologi.

Lava lobe and dome measurements. Courtesy of Badan Geologi.

Kilauea, Hawaii December 16, 08:46 UTC (Janine)
The active lava flow front was last measured to be approximately 1.8 km (1.1 miles) from the Pahoa Marketplace after traveling 0.8 km (0.5 miles) in just under 3 days. No evacuation has yet been ordered but the Marketplace merchants are on evacuation notice.

Map updated on December 15 (Hawaii time). Courtesy of USGS.

Map updated on December 15 (Hawaii time). Courtesy of USGS.


 

Bardarbunga, Iceland – December 15, 23:34 UTC (Janine)
The Institute of Earth Sciences has released an updated map of the Holuhraun lava field from December 12. The lava field is now 78.6 km² in size. An ESA Sentinel 1 radar image taken the same day shows the cauldrons in the icecap above Bardarbunga volcano that have formed during the eruption.

Updated 12.12.14, courtesy of the Institute of Earth Sciences.

Updated 12.12.14, courtesy of the Institute of Earth Sciences.

ESA Sentinel 1 Radar image of the icecap above Bardarbunga volcano.

ESA Sentinel 1 Radar image of the icecap above Bardarbunga volcano.

Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia December 15, 18:35 UTC (Armand)
Powerful explosion on a timelapse video + a spectogram showing the tremor at the start of the eruption

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Fogo, Cabo Verde December 15, 17:54 UTC (Armand)
Lava front advance has considerably decreased + new map – Click here to be linked to the “Fogo only” page


Fogo, Cabo Verde December 14, 22:01 UTC (Janine)
Photos of damage caused by the lava flow in Portela and Bangaeira from the Asociación Canaria de Volcanología. – Click here to be linked to the “Fogo only” page

Kilauea, Hawaii December 14, 21:45 UTC (Janine)
The lava flow has advanced approximately 274 m (300 yards) east-northeast since yesterday and is now 2.25 km (1.4 miles) upslope of the Highway 130 and Pahoa Village Road intersection. There is no immediate threat to communities. The Hawaii County Civil Defense released the updated map below showing the current position of the new flow front.

Courtesy of the Hawaii Civil Defense, updated at 7:00 am on 12/14/14.

Courtesy of the Hawaii County Civil Defense, updated at 7:00 am on 12/14/14.

Reventador, Ecuador – December 14, 12:18 UTC (Armand)

Sinabung, Sumatra, Indonesia – December 14, 11:39 UTC (Armand)


OLDER ARCHIVED PARTS OF THIS REPORT :

2013 : July 8 – July 31
2013 : June 24 – July 7
2013 : June 8 – June 23
2013 : May 26 – June 7
2013 : June 8 – August 20
2013 : August 21 – October 27
2013 : October 28 – December 12
2013 : December 13 – January 30
2014 : February 1 – May 20
2014 : May 21 – August 20
2014 : August 21 – August 28 (Bardarbunga volcano Iceland)
2014 : August 29 – September 4 (Bardarbunga and Tavurvur)
2014 : September 5 – September 18 (Bardarbunga and Mayon)
2014 : September 19 – October 6 (Bardarbunga, Mayon, Long Valley and Ontakesan deadly eruption)
2014 : October 7 – November 4 (Bardarbunga, Kilauea, Chiles, Sinabung)
2014 : November 5 – November 22 (Bardarbunga, Long Valley, Colima, Pavlov, Kilauea, etc)
2014 : November 23 – November 28 (Fogo, Aso, Bardarbunga, etc)
2014 : November 29 – December 4 (Fogo, Bardarbunga, Kilauea, etc)
2014 : December 5 – December 13 (too many to describe)

Comments

  1. brian says:

    Armand, Janine, Number One Rodger…

    Armand..???

    “Pretty darn Great Advice”..!!!

    Keep, the ‘foot’..

    RD/B
    La Luz Negra

  2. Sharonjoy Glass says:

    We have been so concerned and have been posting on Twitter for prayers and help in the U.S.A. We are so grateful to see this story getting out! Thanks be to God and to all the people who prayed and worked with us to make this happen! Bob&Sharonjoy Glass

  3. Colin Logan says:

    Hello Armand,

    Two good pieces of news found in the same day!

    You made your funds target and Italian Justice develops common sense.

    http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-29996872

    Best Regards

    Colin

  4. Martin says:

    Hey

    Today you have a picture of when they are installing a new GPS in the caldera of Bardarbunga.
    Here is a direct link to the data from that GPS: http://brunnur.vedur.is/pub/vatnavakt/bardarbunga/

    Best Regards
    /martin

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