Wordwide volcano and earthquake news – Bardarbunga volcano (Iceland) updates

Last update: August 20, 2014 at 11:20 pm by By

After Rodger Wilson was obliged to discontinue his daily participation at this site, we have decided to start up an El Hierro type article. The newest additions will always be on top and if the article gets too long, we will cut off a part of it and archive it. This url will always be the one to follow and if you leave our page open in your browser, the page will refresh every 60 minutes automatically.
Please be a little patient with this new format.
This report is compiled out of many information sources.

For our El Hierro volcano report : Click here


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Bardarbunga update 23:06 UTC
Iceland geophycicist after overflight : „It can go eit­her way“
Icelandic Co­astgu­ar­d’s airpla­ne land­ed at Reykja­vik airport tonig­ht. On bo­ard the pla­ne were geolog­ists ret­urn­ing from their flig­ht over Bárðarbunga, among­st them Magnús Tumi Guðmunds­son, one of Iceland’s lea­ding geop­h­ysicists.
“The flig­ht went well, we mana­ged to gat­her the in­formati­on we wan­ted. We did radar mea­surements of the glacier and the ri­ver Jök­ulsá á Fjöll­um, which will be of much value in the event of an erupti­on,” he said in a telepho­ne in­terview with mbl.is.
Magnús says it’s hard to evalua­te the chances of an erupti­on. “It can go eit­her way, no­bo­dy can really predict what will happ­en in this situati­on.”
A lot of ice to melt
He says that in the event of an erupti­on, one of two things would likely happ­en. “What’s more likely is an erupti­on below the glacier Dyngju­jök­ull, wh­ere we can see eart­hqua­ke acti­vity moving nort­heast. In that area the glacier’s thickness mea­sures half a ki­lometer, so it would have to melt a lot of ice before it could finally breach the surface.
Read the full article here

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Bardarbunga update August 20 @ 15:39 UTC
We encourage all our readers to read the linked NATURE article below. ER calls it the most adequate description of a) what is currently happerning and b) which scenarios can happen if it erupts + we fully agree with it. Click here or on the image below to read the full article in the Nature website

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Bardarbunga Update August 20 @ 15:13 UTC
National Crisis Center activated
The Nati­onal Cris­is Centre has been fully acti­vated af­ter a decisi­on was taken to evacua­te the high­lands north of Dyngju­jök­ull (part of Vatna­jök­ull glacier). The area is now closed and has been evacua­ted. These acti­ons were taken follow­ing seismic acti­vity around the Bar­dar­bunga caldera in the last few days.
The area that has now been closed is both lar­ge in size and un­pop­ula­ted. Th­ere are still no signs of erupti­on but these secu­rity mea­sures have been taken since it would not be possi­ble to evacua­te the area in time should a sub-glacial out­burst flood occ­ur from Vatna­jök­ull as a result of an erupti­on.
In the nort­hwestern part of Vatna­jök­ull glacier the seismic acti­vity is stable, with the main area being nort­heast of Bar­dar­bunga. Over 300 eart­hqua­kes have been detected since midnig­ht. The strongest event was of the magnitu­de 3.0. Anot­her event happ­ened insi­de the Bar­dar­bunga caldera and was of the magnitu­de 2.7.
Today The Co­ast guard airpla­ne, TF SIF, will make a sur­veill­ance flig­ht over the area with scient­ists and representati­ves of the Civil Protecti­on unit, if we­ather conditi­ons allow. Police and ISAR units will en­force the closure of the area. The situati­on will cont­inue to be closely monitor­ed.

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A nice gimmick starts when you click on the picture below. Earthquakes transformed in sound. Try it, earthquakes can make great music :)

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Click on this image to listen to the Bardarbunga quakes sound

Bardargunga Update August 20 @ 08:42 UTC
Nothing special to report – still a lot of seismicity but most of it today at a deeper level, average 6 km. The extremely shallow earthquakes (example 1 km) are normally triggered by stress and certainly not by magma intrusion. The Icelandic Met Office still has the following banner above the earthquakes list : Intense earthquake swarm continues at Barðarbunga. Presently there are no signs of magma moving to the surface.
Please keep in mind that normally volcanoes are not interconnected.

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Bardargunga Civil Protection report August 19 @ 22:17 UTC
The Police Commissioners of Húsavík and Seyðisfirði have decided to close and evacuate the highlands north of Dyngjujökuls, this due to the continuous earthquakes in the area in recent days. This is a precautionary measure.
The image below is a webcam view of the glacier during the night. The light in the background is the sunrise NOTHING else !

Image courtesy and copyright VEDUR.IS

Image courtesy and copyright VEDUR.IS


 

Bardarbunga volcano situation update from Civil Protection Iceland (19/08 at 10:12)
Below the press communique published yesterday by the Iceland Civil Protection.

The situation in Bárðarbunga volcano in NW Vatnajökull glacier has not changed today. The Civil Protection scientists committee held two meetings today with earth scientists from the Icelandic Meteorological Office and the University of Iceland. There is a very strong indication of magma movement east of Bárðarbunga caldera and on the edge of Dyngjujökull near Kistufell. Conductivity is high in Jökulsá á Fjöllum for the time of year.
Around 800 earthquakes have been detected since midnight. The strongest event was at 02:37 of the magnitude 4,5.
Civil Protection is still on Uncertainty Phase, which means that course of events has started that may lead to natural hazard in the near future. The National Commissioner of Icelandic Police (NCIP) has today met with the Prime Minister of Iceland, the Minister of Interior and government officials to consult on the issue. The NCIP also met with officials from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, foreign embassies in Iceland and from key stakeholders in Iceland.
Mountain roads North of Vatnajökull, F88 (completely) and F910 (partly), have been closed for all traffic. That includes cars, bikes and hiking. A map of the area can be seen here.

ER : If you think you are clever enough to discuss the pre-eruptive state of Bardarbunga, we have a great place for you. They are discussing what is happening there 24/7. Enjoy the discussion :)

 

The crossed section is closed to cars, cyclists and walking trails

The crossed section is closed to cars, cyclists and walking trails

Earthquake animation from the seismic activity on August 17 and August 18


 

Alert level increased to ORANGE for Bardarbunga volcano , Iceland ? (update 18/08 at 13:34 UTC)
Still no eruption, but lets call it that the eruption is imminent and could happen anytime. An eruption does NOT mean a free air eruption as most of the Barbardunga activity kept nicely below the upper part of the glacier (also called subglacial). Some collapsing parts of glacier on top of the the activity location is also possible, just like it happened in 2004 with the eruption of the Grimsvotn volcano. The picture below shows what’s happening then – an ice river who might create a jokulhlaup which could lead to Ice rivers with an increased flow and big ice chuncks. These jokulhlaup‘s are the reason that some roads below the glacier complex have been closed.
More about the pre-eruption phase click here

Image courtesy and copyright @Lava_Ice alias Ben Edwards

Image courtesy and copyright @Lava_Ice alias Ben Edwards


 

1240 earthquakes below Bardarbunga volcano , Iceland ? (update 17/08 at 22:00 UTC)
An impressive number of earthquake and a yellow volcano alert because of the seismic activity below the Barbardunga volcano (Vatnajokull complex). Some roads have been closed to traffic out of fear for a Jokullhaup (sudden ice river triggered by the melting ice of the volcano). This normally happens below the massive icecap of the glacier.
The current status of the volcano is YELLOW
These are the possible next alert levels
YELLOW: Volcano is exhibiting signs of elevated unrest above known background level.
ORANGE: Volcano shows heightened or escalating unrest with increased potential of eruption.
RED: Eruption is imminent or in progress – significant emission of ash into atmosphere likely.

Press report from the Iceland Civil Protection
Situation August 17 kl.19: 00
Meetings were held in the morning with the staff the Civil Protection Department, Icelandic Meteorological Office and Earth Sciences rods to review the situation.
The seismic activity is most pronounced in the two clusters north and east Bárðarbunga. No signs are visible that the eruption has started but the seismic activity may be a precursor to an eruption.
Scientists have increased surveillance in the area and police chief in Húsavík, Hvolsvelli and Seyðisfirði plus Vatnajökull National Park are alerted.
Coast Guard helicopter began today with the scientists and staff of the Civil Vatnajökull. That trip did add instruments and webcams as part of increased monitoring of the glacier as well as monitoring changes on the surface of the glacier and the area.
Commissioner of Húsavík has decided to close Gæsavatnaleið and other Highland roads east Skjálfandafljót the caldera. Way to Herðubreiðarlindir F88 (F88) has also been closed due to potential flooding in the area after an eruption.

Image courtesy and copyright vedur.is

Image courtesy and copyright vedur.is

Image courtesy and copyright vedur.is

Image courtesy and copyright vedur.is


 

Eruption in Bárðarbunga volcano, Iceland ? (August 16)
During all last week (Week 33) there has been a minor earthquake swarm in Bárðarbunga volcano. No other activity followed this minor earthquake activity during the week until last night (16-August-2014). During the night (around 02:20 UTC) a harmonic tremor started to appear on SIL stations around Bárðarbunga volcano. Following the appearance of the harmonic tremor earthquake activity started around 03:30 UTC. Largest earthquakes in this swarm have magnitude around 3,0 so far. Depth is around 5 to 10 km. During the night the earthquake swarm moved around in the volcano and is now more east then it first started.
Follow the possible eruption at the website of Jon Frimann, and Icelander who is following up all volcanic and seismic activity below the island

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Are India’s big dams (earthquake) safe? (August 11)
A recent survey by the Indian government has found out that more than 600 large dams in the country are located in high-intensity seismic zones – areas which are considered to be most vulnerable and prone to earthquakes.
India has more than 30 river basins, each with a catchment area exceeding several thousand square miles. Some 5,000 large dams have been built in 22 of its 29 states. At least 3,000 of these dams have been built in the last 50 years.
Read the full article here

Example image (article is not about this dam) Nagarjuna Sagar Dam - Wikipedia image

Example image (article is not about this dam) Nagarjuna Sagar Dam – Wikipedia image

Emirates or UAE – NCMS denies reports on earthquake predictions (August 11)
The National Centre for Meteorology and Seismology (NCMS) on Sunday denied reports by a section of media and some social network websites that ”the UAE is nearing to have an ability to predict earthquakes.”
The NCMS emphasised that these reports were unfounded and there is  absolutely no way to predict earthquakes, adding that its National Seismic Network is monitoring seismic activity when it happens.
It noted that most important resources of strong seismic activities take place out of the country, particularly in Zagros mountain range in south Iran and Makran seismic fault in south Pakistan.
The NCMS appealed to members of the public not to give ears to such rumours and take the accurate information from the NCMS, the official source of information about earthquakes and weather forecast.


 

Askja Volcano 22/23 July 2014 Landslide (August 4)
On the night of 23/24 July 2014 (around midnight) there was a large landslide in the SE corner of the steep inner wall of the 1875 AD caldera at the Askja volcano in central Iceland. This event is simply the latest (albeit large and spectacular) of many that have formed the current water-filled caldera of Öskjuvatn (Askja lake). It is part of the ongoing process of the formation of this youngest caldera at Askja, which is after all only 139 years old and which after its initiation in 1875 took several decades (until c.1932) to get close to the shape we see today.
Read the full article here

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Piton de la Fournaise volcano erupted (La Réunion) - (June 21)
- It is currently bad weather at the summit of the volcano. During better weather you can see a number of live webcam images here

The eruption is not spectacular but shows 2 craters in eruption + a number of lava streams slowly finding their way (to the ocean?). They appear not to be powerful enough to reach the ocean. Neither can lava tubes be seen. The volcano has a lot of lava tubes and eruptions regularly reach the ocean (Hawaii type of eruptions).
The volcano was set to a higher alert on June 12 after seismicity started to increase. People were had to stay on prepared trails. Good work from the volcanologists!

Click on this picture to be linked with the VIDEO page (could not be embedded)

Click on this picture to be linked with the VIDEO page (could not be embedded)


 

Increased seismicity at La Réunion’s, Piton de la Fournaise volcano
The Piton de la Fournaise volcano is located in increased alert since today Thursday, June 12, 2014.
The current increase in seismicity is seen as a possible precursor of an eruption.
It is not expected that this will happen in the next few hours as admittance to the crater area is still tolerated but hikers are requested to stay on the marked trails.

Image courtesy and copyright http://reunion.orange.fr

Image courtesy and copyright http://reunion.orange.fr


 

Volcano activity for the week of June 4, 2014 until June 10 (June 11)
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian’s Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey’s Volcano Hazards Program.

New Activity/Unrest
Pavlof  | United States
AVO reported that the Strombolian eruption at Pavlof continued during 3-10 June. On 3 June the FAA webcam showed a high steam plume rising above a vent on the NE flank and lower-level ash from pyroclastic flows on the N flank. During 3-4 June seismicity remained unchanged and persistent elevated surface temperatures were detected in satellite images. A steam plume with minor amounts of ash but rich in sulfur dioxide drifted 100 km W. Incandescence from lava fountaining was visible in webcam images on 4 June. According to a news article, flights in and out of Cold Bay and Unalaska were canceled on 4 June, affecting about 200 people.
Two strong explosions were detected by the seismic network at 0205 and 0245 on 5 June. Lightning was detected by the World Wide Lightning Location Network indicating the presence of ash; satellite images did not detected ash above the meteorological cloud tops at about 8.5 km (28,000 ft) a.s.l. A third event was detected at 0844. The level of activity declined during 5-6 June; ash emissions appeared to be greatly reduced although cloud cover continued to obscure satellite views. Elevated surface temperatures were observed in mostly cloudy satellite images during 8-9 June. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.

San Miguel  | El Salvador
According to SNET in a report from 1 June, the Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (MARN) reported that seismicity at San Miguel remained high. Locals observed more intense gas plumes rising from the crater with occasional and minor amounts of ash, especially after rain. Rumbling was also reported.

Sangeang Api  | Indonesia
Based on analyses of satellite imagery and wind data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 4-7 June ash plumes from Sangeang Api rose to an altitude of 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 45-110 km W and NW.

Santa María  | Guatemala
On 6 June INSIVUMEH reported that the Santiaguito Observatory (OBSAN) was seriously affected by a large lahar that descended the Nima I river drainage on the S flank of Santa María’s Santiaguito lava-dome complex. The lahar came in waves, 5-9 m high, was 80 m wide, and carried blocks up to 5 m in diameter. It overtopped the river banks and flowed to a nearby farm. The staff working at OBSAN had to evacuate; some important scientific equipment was lost and damaged. On 7 June a lahar descended the Samala river, a tributary of the Nima I river, carrying blocks up to 1 m in diameter, and lahars in the Nima I drainage had a sulfur odor. During 7-8 June slow-moving lava flows descended the E flank. Explosions during 8-9 June generated ash plumes that rose 500 m and drifted SW. Large avalanches in the collapsed area were incandescent at night. During 9-10 June explosions generated white and gray plumes that rose 500 m, the lava flows on the E flank produced avalanches, and Domo del Brujo began degassing.

Zhupanovsky  | Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)
KVERT reported that an eruption at Zhupanovsky began on 6 June, producing an ash plume that rose to an altitude of 6 km (19,900 ft) a.s.l., as suggested by Tokyo VAAC and UHPP notices. Cloud cover prevented views from satellite. The Aviation Color Code was raised to Yellow. Satellite images on 9 June showed ash plumes rising to altitudes of 3-4 km (9,800-13,100 ft) a.s.l. and drifting 60 km E.

Ongoing Activity
Aira  | Kyushu (Japan)
JMA reported that during 19-23 May two explosions from Showa Crater at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano ejected tephra that landed as far as 1,300 m away. Incandescence from the crater was detected at night during 19-20 May. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-5). The Tokyo VAAC reported that on 6 and 9 June plumes rose to altitudes of 2.1-5.5 km (7,000-18,000 ft) a.s.l. Plumes drifted NW on 9 June.

Bagana  | Bougainville (Papua New Guinea)
Based on analyses of satellite imagery and wind data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 10 June an ash plume from Bagana rose to an altitude of 2.4 km (8,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted over 35 km SW.

Batu Tara  | Komba Island (Indonesia)
Based on analyses of satellite imagery and wind data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 6 June an ash plume from Batu Tara rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 150 km NW. During 7-9 June ash plumes rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted over 35 km NW and W.

Chirinkotan  | Kuril Islands (Russia)
SVERT reported that an eruption at Chirinkotan had begun on 24 May; thermal anomalies and gas emissions sometimes containing ash were detected in satellite images. On 5 June seldom and weak thermal anomalies suggested cooling lava flows. The Aviation Color Code was lowered to Green.

Chirpoi  | Kuril Islands (Russia)
In a 5 June report, SVERT summarized activity at Snow, a volcano of Chirpoi, over the previous two years: an effusive eruption started on 10 November 2012, producing steam-and-gas emissions and thermal anomalies thorough April 2013; the volcano was quiet; steam-and-gas emissions and thermal anomalies were again detected starting on 12 July 2013, suggesting a new period of lava effusion. Weak thermal anomalies during 2-4 June implied cooling lava flows. The Aviation Color Code was lowered to Green.

Dukono  | Halmahera (Indonesia)
Based on analyses of satellite imagery and wind data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 4 June an ash plume from Dukono rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 150 km N. The next day an ash plume rose to an altitude of 3.7 km (12,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 55 km NW. On 9 June ash plumes rose to altitudes of 1.5-1.8 km (5,000-6,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 25-30 km NW.

Fuego  | Guatemala
INSIVUMEH reported that on 5 June lahars descended Fuego’s Honda (E), El Jute (SE), Ceniza (SSW), and Santa Teresa (S) drainages, carrying blocks as large as 1.5 m in diameter. Explosions during 5-6 June generated ash plumes that rose 250-350 m and drifted 8-10 km W and NW. Explosions during 8-10 June generated ash plumes that rose 350-750 m and drifted 8-10 km N. Incandescent material ejected 100 m above the crater landed on the flank and formed avalanches. On 9 June lahars in the El Jute and Las Lajas drainages carried blocks up to 1.5 m in diameter

Karymsky  | Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)
KVERT reported that Strombolian and weak Vulcanian activity continued at Karymsky during 30 May-6 June. Satellite images detected no activity or were obscured by clouds. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.

Kilauea  | Hawaiian Islands (USA)
During 4-10 June HVO reported that the circulating lava lake occasionally rose and fell in the deep pit within Kilauea’s Halema’uma’u Crater. Gas emissions remained elevated. The plume from the vent continued to deposit variable amounts of ash, spatter, and Pele’s hair onto nearby areas; smaller particles may have been dropped several kilometers away.
At Pu’u ‘O’o Crater, glow emanated from spatter cones on the N, SE, and S portions of the crater floor, and from a small lava lake in the NE spatter cone. On 22 May geologists mapped the farthest point of activity from the Kahauale’a 2 lava flow, 8.4 km NE of Pu’u ‘O’o, and on 6 June they mapped four small breakouts as far as 6.5 km from Pu’u ‘O’o. Smoke plumes rising from forested areas suggested advancing breakout flows.

Merapi  | Central Java (Indonesia)
PVMBG reported that during 30 May-5 June seismicity at Merapi fluctuated at normal levels and declined as compared to the previous two weeks. Deformation measurements showed no significant changes. Solfatara plumes rose 400 m and drifted W on 31 May. The Alert Level remained at 1 (on a scale of 1-4).

Shishaldin  | Fox Islands (USA)
AVO reported that, although cloud cover frequently obscured views of Shishaldin during 4-9 June, seismicity indicated that the low-level eruption continued. Elevated surface temperatures at the summit were detected in mostly cloudy satellite images during 7-9 June. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.

Shiveluch  | Central Kamchatka (Russia)
KVERT reported that during 30 May-6 June lava-dome extrusion onto Shiveluch’s SE flank was accompanied by ash explosions, incandescence, hot avalanches, and fumarolic activity. Satellite images detected a thermal anomaly over the dome on 31 May and 1 and 3 June. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.

Ubinas  | Peru  | 16.355°S, 70.903°W
In a press release from 5 June, IGP’s Observatorio Volcanologico de Arequipa (IGP-OVA) and Observatorio Vulcanológico del INGEMMET (OVI) reported that an Alert Level Orange continued for residents affected by the Ubinas eruption. Residents of Querapi and Tonohaya remained evacuated. The report noted that a significant and continuous release of ash emissions and gasses were observed during the previous days. Gas-and-ash plumes observed during 5-7 June rose 0.2-2 km above the crater. Minor ashfall was reported in Lloque and Yungas during 6-7 June.


 

Explosive eruption of Zhupanovsky volcano (Kamchatka, Russia) (June 7)
Explosive eruption of Zhupanovsky volcano began on June 06, 2014. Ash plume reise up to 20,400 ft (6 km) a.s.l. (data from UHPP and Tokyo VAAC). Satellite data showed the volcano was obscured by clouds.
Moderate explosive eruption of the volcano continues. Ash explosions up to 32,800 ft (10 km) a.s.l. could occur at any time. Ongoing activity could affect international and low-flying aircraft.

Image courtesy AND Copyright kscnet.ru/

Image courtesy AND Copyright kscnet.ru/ – Image dating from October 2013

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Volcano activity for the week of May 28 – June 3, 2014 (June 7)
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian’s Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey’s Volcano Hazards Program.

New Activity/Unrest
Pavlof  | United States
AVO reported that on 31 May elevated surface temperatures were detected over Pavlof in satellite images, suggesting a low-level eruption with lava. Observers camping near the volcano confirmed lava and noted that flows were originating from a vent on the NE flank. A low-level steam plume was visible in satellite images and recorded by the FAA web-cam located in Cold Bay. Several pilots observed a gas-and-ash plume drifting N at altitudes of 2.1-2.4 km (7,000-8,000 ft) a.s.l. The Aviation Color Code was raised to Orange and the Volcano Alert Level was raised to Watch. Small explosion signals were detected by a distant infrasound sensor. Later that night weak incandescence from the summit was observed in the webcam. On 1 June clouds obscured web-cam views and ash plumes were not detected in satellite images. The seismic network detected weak activity.
Activity escalated on 2 June, prompting AVO to raise the Aviation Color Code to Red and the Volcano Alert Level to Warning. Seismic tremor increased at 1500 and pilots observed ash plumes at altitudes of 6.7 km (22,000 ft) a.s.l. Satellite images showed a plume drifting more than 80 km E. Seismicity started to decrease at 2300. The web cam recorded intense lava fountaining at the summit and incandescence from a spatter-fed lava flow on the N flank. On 3 June seismicity again increased and pilots observed ash-and-steam plumes at altitudes of 7.3 km (24,000 ft) a.s.l. that drifted SSW. Later that day AVO lowered the Aviation Color Code to Orange and the Volcano Alert Level to Watch due to a decrease and stabilization of volcanic tremor. Satellite and webcam images showed two distinct parts of the plume: gas and steam with minor amounts of ash rose high above the volcano and drifted S, while pyroclastic flows on the N flank produced diffuse ash that caused hazy air and variable concentrations of ash below 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. Winds were likely to push ash at lower altitudes WSW.

Image courtesy and Copyright Rachel Kremer

Image courtesy and Copyright Rachel Kremer

San Miguel  | El Salvador
According to SNET in a report from 1 June, the Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (MARN) reported that seismicity at San Miguel remained high. Locals observed more intense gas plumes rising from the crater with occasional minor amounts of ash, especially after rainfall. Rumbling was also reported.

Sangeang Api  | Indonesia
PVMBG reported that during January-29 May diffuse white plumes rose at most 25 m above Sangeang Api’s crater. On 30 May seismicity increased, with tremor starting at 0500 and becoming continuous at 1348. An eruption at 1555 generated an ash plume that rose 3 km and drifted W, causing ashfall over the sea. The Alert Level was raised to 3 (on a scale of 1-4). The island has no permanent settlements, and is only occupied during the growing and harvest seasons; civil authorities evacuated 135 people to the mainland. Based on satellite images, pilot observations, and the Indonesian Meteorological Office, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 30 May an ash plume rose to an altitude of 15.2 km (50,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 440 km E and 750 km SE.
BNPB reported that on 31 May two larger explosions occurred at 1330 and 2242. According to the VAAC, ash plumes from those explosions rose to altitudes of 13.7-15.2 km (45,000-50,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 280 km NW and other various directions. Later in the day the ash plumes became detached. Ashfall affected many areas in the Bima Regency on the mainland, including Wera, and prompted the evacuation of 7,328 people from four villages within a radius of 8 km from Sangeang Api. The Bima and Tambolaka airports were temporarily closed. According to a news article, all flights to and from the Darwin International Airport in Australia on 31 May were canceled.
The VAAC noted that ash plumes rose to an altitude of 4.3 km (14,000 ft) a.s.l. on 1 June and drifted W and SW. During 2-3 June ash plumes rose to altitudes of 3-4.3 km (10,000-14,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 45 km W.

Santa María  | Guatemala
INSIVUMEH reported that on 29 May a hot lahar descended the Nimá I river drainage on the S flank of Santa María’s Santiaguito lava-dome complex, carrying blocks up to 50 cm in diameter as well as tree trunks and branches. The lahar was 25 m wide and 3 m deep and had a strong sulfur odor. Explosions during 31 May-1 June generated ash plumes that rose 600 m and drifted W and SW. Lahars on 1 and 3 June descended and caused flooding in the Nimá I, San Isidro (S), and Samala (E and S) rivers. On 2 June explosions produced ash plumes that rose 500 m, drifted W, and caused ashfall in Monte Bello and Loma Linda. Hot lahars with a sulfur odor again descended Nimá I. On 3 June a lava flow slowly descended the E flank of the dome.

Ongoing Activity
Aira  | Kyushu (Japan)
Based on JMA notices, the Tokyo VAAC reported that on 31 May explosions from Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano generated plumes that rose to an altitude of 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W.

Dukono  | Halmahera (Indonesia)
Based on analyses of satellite imagery and wind data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 28 May ash plumes from Dukono rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 75 km NW. The next day an ash plume rose to an altitude of 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 65 km W. On 3 June ash plumes rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 55 km NW.

Fuego  | Guatemala
INSIVUMEH reported that during 31 May-1 June explosions at Fuego produced ash plumes that rose 350-550 m above the crater and drifted 8 km WNW. During the afternoon and evening of 1 June lahars descended the Las Lajas (SE) and Honda (E) drainages, as well as the Seca (W) drainage which disrupted traffic. Other sections of roadway to the W and S were also affected. Heavy rain continued on 2 June; lahars descended the Las Lajas and El Jute (SE) drainages, carrying blocks as large as 1.5 m in diameter. Explosions during 2-3 June generated ash plumes that rose 550-650 m and drifted 8 km S and SW. Incandescence rose above the crater and avalanches descended the Taniluyá (SW), Trinidad (S), and Ceniza (SSW) drainages.

Karymsky  | Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)
KVERT reported that Strombolian and weak Vulcanian activity continued at Karymsky during 23-30 May. Satellite images detected a thermal anomaly over the volcano on 25 and 27 May. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.

Kilauea  | Hawaiian Islands (USA)
During 28 May-3 June HVO reported that the circulating lava lake occasionally rose and fell in the deep pit within Kilauea’s Halema’uma’u Crater. Gas emissions remained elevated. The plume from the vent continued to deposit variable amounts of ash, spatter, and Pele’s hair onto nearby areas; smaller particles may have been dropped several kilometers away.
At Pu’u ‘O’o Crater, glow emanated from spatter cones on the N, NE, SE, and S portions of the crater floor. During 30 May-1 June the small lava lake in the NE spatter cone briefly overflowed its rim each morning. On 22 May geologists mapped the farthest point of activity from the Kahauale’a 2 lava flow, 8.4 km NE of Pu’u ‘O’o; on 30 May they mapped three small breakouts 1.8-6.2 km from Pu’u ‘O’o.

Merapi  | Central Java (Indonesia)
PVMBG reported that during 16-22 May seismicity at Merapi fluctuated at normal levels and deformation measurements showed no significant changes. Solfatara plumes rose 300 m and drifted W on 27 May. The Alert Level remained at 1 (on a scale of 1-4) on 23 May.

Shishaldin  | Fox Islands (USA)
AVO reported that, although cloud cover frequently obscured views of Shishaldin during 28 May-3 June, elevated surface temperatures at the summit were detected in satellite images, and minor steam emissions were observed in webcam images. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.

Shiveluch  | Central Kamchatka (Russia)
KVERT reported that during 23-30 May lava-dome extrusion onto Shiveluch’s SE flank was accompanied by ash explosions, incandescence, hot avalanches, and fumarolic activity. An explosion on 26 May generated an ash plume that rose as high as 10 km (32,800 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 800 km SSE. Satellite images detected a thermal anomaly over the dome during 23-25 and 27-28 May. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.

Ubinas  | Peru
Observatorio Vulcanológico del INGEMMET (OVI) reported that during 28-29 May ash emissions at Ubinas continued; gas-and-ash plumes rose 0.6-2.5 km above the crater and drifted ESE. Ashfall was reported in various towns downwind of the plumes, including Querapi (4 km S), Ubinas (6.5 km SSE), Escacha, Chojata, San Miguel, and Tonohaya. The Buenos Aires VAAC reported that seismicity fluctuated during 2-3 June. Satellite and webcam images as well as pilot observations indicated continuous emission of gas and ash that rose to altitudes of 6.7-10.7 km (22,000-35,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE, E, and SE.


 

Powerful eruption of the Sangeang Api volcano, Indonesia (May 31)
The eruption was so powerfull that ash from the eruption has reached western Queensland, Australia 3000 km southeast today (1 day later)
- VIRGIN flights between Perth and Bali this evening have been cancelled due to spewing ash from an Indonesian volcano. Other flights in the region have also been disrupted by the eruption.
- Mount Sangeang Api in Bima District, West Nusa Tenggara, erupted on Friday at 03:55 p. m. local time spewing plumes of ash and smoke 3,000 meters westbound into the air. Chief of Information and Data Center of the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said in message broadcast here on Friday that due to the eruption the Geology Disaster Mitigation and Volcanology Center (PVMBG) had raised the Mount Sangeang Apis status from alert level II (Waspada) to alert III (Siaga) at 04:00 p. m. local time. The volcano is located at Sangeang Api island, which has no permanent residents, Nugroho said Read the full Antara News article here


Chaparrastique and Momotombo activity‏ (May 26)
Seismicity remains high at Chaparrastique (San Miguel) volcano (El Salvador).  In the last day, local inhabitants have reported rumbling noises coming from the volcano.
Another burst of volcano-tectonic seismicity occurred yesterday beneathy the southern flank of Momotombo volcano (Nicaragua) (station MOMN).  There has been a general diminuition of aftershock activity from April’s twin magnitude M6 earthquakes which struck near the volcano (which is normal behavior for fault-induced seismicity).  Given the rapid-fire nature of this (and others) sequence, its somewhat unusual depth (15 km; though this may be preliminary) and their location close to the volcano, they may represent “readjustments” of the Momotombo magmatic system to stress changes brought about by the April earthquakes.


 

Earthquake fault line in central Turkey up for sale (May 26)
Public land encompassing a fault line in the Central Anatolian province of Eskişehir has been put up for sale by Turkey’s Privatization High Council (ÖYK), drawing reactions from an influential NGO.
The ÖYK announced in the Official Gazette on May 8 that public land in Eskişehir’s Odunpazarı district, which is listed as a zone containing “residences, a green space, a road, university land and a fault line,” is available for purchase.
Read the full article here

Image courtesy and copyright hurriyetdailynews.com

Image courtesy and copyright hurriyetdailynews.com


 

Mudflow at Chaparrastique‏ (May 24)
The signal I mentioned yesterday apparently resulted from a mudflow down the volcano’s flank. Meteorological instruments recorded 75 mm of rainfall during the period.  Internal activity at Chaparrastique (San Miguel) remains very high.

Chaparrastique_RSAM_20140523


 

Eruptive activity at Chaparrastique  (El Salvador) ?‏
Spectrographic and seismographic data indicate eruptive activity occurred at Chaparrastique (San MIguel) volcano (El Salvador) late yesterday.  SNET has reported frequent “ash puffs” coming from the volcano during the past week of heightened seismic activity there.  The most recent seismic data (station VSM) indicate a more energetic outburst.  Thus far, there have been no press releases confirming the event which occurred early yesterday evening.


 

Yushu earthquake (Tibet, China) rebuilding (temporary?) halted (May 23)
After an earthquake in Yushu, the capital of Qinghai, China, that left more than 100,000 homeless in Tibet, Chinese efforts to rebuild have been incomplete following the New York Times.


 

Felt seismicity again at Volcan Chiles – Cerro Negro de Mayasquer‏ (May 21)
More “nose-thumbing” from these volcanoes this afternoon!

Chaparrastique and Volcan Chiles – Cerro Negro de Mayasquer – Cumbal‏ (May 21)
Rodger Wilson reports : Seismicity, while at still a very high level, has dropped at Chaparrastique (San Miguel) volcano (El Salvador) (station VSM) with no untoward effect (…so far!).  I’ve watched this volcano (via the internet) for more than ten years and frankly, this is “typical” behavior for San Miguel (though as mentioned, RSAM is now at quite a high level!).  Seismicity/tremor will build over days to a “crescendo” and then slowly diminish over time without eruption (until this past December!).  Which is why, I believe, the December eruption caught everyone off-guard.  If you observe the histogram of activity this past year, or even back to 2006, you will see the many RSAM peaks where no eruption resulted.  Authorities are alittle “jumpy” about the current activity (as they should be!) because of the December eruption and similar high RSAM values, but I’m beginning to think this current behavior will settle-back without a significant outburst.

Seismicity, while also high at Volcan ChilesCerro Negro de Mayasquer (Ecuador-Colombia Border) (station VIEN), has also decreased, from 8800 events the week ending on 13 May to 6600 events this past week.  Interestingly, seismicity levels doubled during the same period at next door volcano (and also restive!) Cumbal!  Such volcanic interaction between neighboring vents is fairly common and has been instrumentally (Seismic, GPS, interferometry) observed at South American, Icelandic and other volcanoes, including between our neighboring volcanoes Mount Saint Helens, Mount Rainier and Hood!  Some scientists believe that magmatic inflation may occur in sort of a “competition” where pressurization of one system may temporarily “pinch-off” the magma supply to the neighboring system.  In other cases, it may place added pressure on the neighboring system causing it to become more restive and possibly erupt!  Another scenario involves the rapid depressurization brought about by an eruption which in turn releases pressure on the neighboring magmatic system which might cause vesiculation in that chamber, leading to unrest and possibly eruption.  I believe the latter is what occurred between Mount Saint Helens and Mount Rainier during the early stages of the 2004 eruption at MSH.
At any rate,…Colombian and Ecuadoran volcanologists continue to closely monitor and evaluate the ongoing activity at all three volcanoes.  To my knowlege, there has been no “offical” meeting as of yet to discuss possible emergency plans should there be an eruption, though this was discussed last week.  As if to mock us humans, seismicity appears again high at the volcanoes today (station VIEN).

 


OLDER ARCHIVED PARTS OF THIS REPORT :
2013 : July 8 – July 31
2013 : June 24 – July 7
2013 : June 8 – June 23
2013 : May 26 – June 7
2013 : June 8 – August 20
2013 : August 21 – October 27
2013 : October 28 – December 12
2013 : December 13 – January 30
2014 : February 1 – May 20

Comments

  1. Edward Lane says:

    Hi Armann, been a little while since I posted, the Bardabunga stuff looks interesting :)

    I was just looking on the bbc and I spotted this earthquake related story that might be of interest in a quieter moment. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-23204346

  2. Leona says:

    Yellowstone Park had a quake swarm yesterday, July 6th. So far, 25 of those quakes have been listed. The quakes that are listed , all shook in about an hour.

    It was a big holiday weekend yesterday in USA, so scientists are just now checking and listing the quakes this morning.

    http://www.seis.utah.edu/req2webdir/recenteqs/Maps/Yellowstone.html

  3. Carl says:

    Clear Lake volcano
    8.7 mile diameter magma chamber 4.3 miles from surface 18.6 miles deep (USGS web site).
    About 4 miles to the left of Cobb, CA in the last 155 days there has been 5,743 earthquakes (USGS web site). The most of these earthquakes has been between 3 km and 0 km. I think near the top of clear lake mountain where the earthquakes are happening is about -.8 km. If these earthquakes start happening at -.1 km to -.4 km Clear Lake Volcano will most likely erupt. This has the potential of making Mount Saint Helen look like a burp.

  4. ASA says:

    Tens of thousand of indonesians have fled their homes after a volcano erupted in east java. Maunt kelud spewed ash and debris over a large area,about 80 miles away. Three people died after their houses collapsed under the weight of ash.

  5. carl says:

    I read about mammoth mountain but what about clear lake volcano in the last 100 day has had over 4,000 earthquakes and the most of them are at 3k to 0k. It look like it happening at about 2,000 foot on the mountain on the north east side. I would say theirs 2,000 foot of mountain holding back the lava. I say it could go any day.

  6. dedelduelzz says:

    here is the amazing lightning flashes during the mt kelud eruption..
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=31UOdPKuLlE

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