Earthquake overview : An extremely dangerous earthquake with a preliminary Magnitude of 7.0 occurred at 07:42 local time in Central Myanmar. Based on the current data, we fear for worst case scenarios.
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Myanmar-only earthquake list
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Most recent information on top – Start of the article at the bottom
Update Nov. 14, 17:36 UTC
- In the Irrawaddy reports among other that clean-up operations have started + Victims of Sunday’s earthquake that rocked Upper Burma have begun sorting through the devastation as a government official reveals the death toll has risen to 16 with five others still missing. Soe Aung, the director of Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement Department, told The Irrawaddy on Wednesday that seven people were killed in Sagaing Division while nine lost their lives in Mandalay Division. In addition, he said 123 people were injured across the two divisions. Meanwhile, the Red Cross released higher figures on Wednesday that indicated at least 26 people were killed with 12 others missing and around 230 injured. Read more …
Update Nov. 13, 10:20 UTC :
The Myanmar earthquake in Pictures by news agency AFP (Please click on the image below to see the series of pictures)
Update Nov. 13, 09:04 UTC :
- International Red Cross has reported that the earthquake in Myanmar has made 26 victims, a lot more than officially admitted. We still do not understand why governments are downplaying disasters. China and Russia stopped doing this, but some countries are still trying to fool their own population.
Excerpt from the Red Cross report of November 12 :
The Myanmar Red Cross Society, with the support of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), has determined that external assistance is not required at this stage, pending receipt of a full assessment report and analysis of the situation. It is, therefore, not seeking funding or other assistance from donors at this time.
An earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale struck central Myanmar on 11 November at 7.42 a.m. local time. Twenty-six people died and 231 were injured as a result. About 462 structures were damaged.
The Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS) has provided emergency relief supplies to 200 families in two locations, while emergency services such as first aid and referrals to health facilities are being provided to affected people in seven of the worst-hit townships. Volunteers are conducting situation assessments and working closely with local authorities.
Update Nov. 12, 19:43 UTC :
- Excerpt from an article as it appeared earlier today in the Burmese newspaper “The Irrawaddy” :
It was before 8 am when Nay Win Myint felt a sudden jolt in his Mandalay cottage. He put down his book to find that his home was shaking. “It was like an elephant ramming into my house,” said the famous Burmese writer who lives 169 km (105 miles) south from the epicenter of the magnitude 6.8 earthquake that struck Upper Burma on Sunday. Read more …
Update Nov. 12, 15:03 UTC :
- The spirit of dictatorship is not yet entirely out of the bottle yet. A new telecommunications bill could prohibit the use of social media and unregistered gadgets in Myanmar. Critics have lashed out against the bill, which was made public on November 7, saying it is oppressive and violates the rights of individuals.
Why ER reports this ? Earthquake information in the past was awful. We saw during the current earthquake a better situation than the last couple of years, but the clock will certainly be set back if this law is adopted. We request President Obama to talk about open communications during his soon to come visit.
- Excerpt from an article this morning in elevenmyanmar.com :
The township that the earthquake struck most severely in Mandalay Region is Thabaikkyin. More than 100 houses were damaged. The locals gathered in the football ground fearing of possible aftershocks. The people were offering lights to the earth lord, wishing to be free from possible aftershocks,” the EMG reporter added.
The strong quake damaged 21 religious buildings, 4 schools, 48 departmental buildings and 102 houses, leaving 3 deaths and 35 injured, stated in the website of President’s Office. Read more …
- Burma’s state television showed Vice President Sai Maul Hkam visiting the town of Thabeikyin, near the epicenter, where the report said damage included 102 homes, 21 religious buildings, 48 government offices and four schools. The most affected site was reportedly at a gold mine in Sintku Township on the Irrawaddy River. The Associated Press said that six people had died there and another 11 were injured—mostly miners.
Update 08:45 UTC :
- Thabeikkyin:- The strong quake damaged 21 religious buildings, 4 schools, 48 departmental buildings and 102 houses, leaving 3 deaths and 35 injured, the website of President’s Office stated. Gold mines have collapsed.
- Irrawaddy Bridge:- The Steel beam Yadana Theinga bridge crossing the Irrawaddy river which was under construction in the Kyaukmyaung sub-township collapsed, causing 6 deaths, 5 missing and 18 injured.
- Sagaing:- Shwegugyi and Shwezigon Pagodas are damaged in Singu Township. A school building of the primary school and 300-foot brick wall collapsed. The 600-foot brick wall of Thananda Kyauktaik was also damaged. A person was dead and three were injured.
So far, we can count 15-16 potential deaths, however numbers as high as 21 have been stated so far in the press.
In addition, over 100 injured have been registered.
30 million kyats have been given in aid so far by the government.
Update 23:59 UTC :
- No new reports out of Myanmar.
- Rescue and relief aid is currently distributed.
Update 18:30 UTC :
- Our tools are just showing a new strong aftershock (preliminary Magnitude M5.7)
It is currently in the middle of the night in Burma. Let’s hope people will stay safely outside.
Update 18:20 UTC :
- Just like there is a press stop, no more details since our latest updates. Because of this, we do not know whether the M6.0 aftershock has made additional damage.
- We are making an appeal to the Burmese people reading this article that they would report on what they hear on radio or see on the television. Please send an email to email@example.com or fill in a form below.
Update 14:30 UTC :
Canton News reports that the death toll has risen to 21 people.
International press, partly informed by NGO’s and Eleven talks about 13 people killed
The Myanmar government still claims that 2 people have been killed.
This is transparency in 2012 !
Out own number compiled of specific detailed events stands at 14 at this moment.
Update 12:42 UTC :
A local Myanmar news-source writes : Local media reported that the earthquake caused the deaths of at least 13 people, but an NGO spokesperson said that dozens of people are feared dead and injured.
Update 12:23 UTC :
State television MRTV said 100 homes, some government buildings and a primary school were damaged in Thabeikyin, a town known for gold mining not far from the epicenter (ER : Male is closer to the epicenter (5 km) – Distance from Thabeikyin to the epicenter : approx. 20 km).
It put the latest casualty toll from the quake at four dead, 53 injured and four missing, a death toll lower than independently compiled reports.
ER has to stress that Myanmar State media are far from reliable in disaster cases. Other reports we made earlier proved this.
Update 11:44 UTC :
Earthquake-report has written multiple articles about Myanmar earthquakes since our existence (approx. 2 years).
The last cruel one we have reported about was the deadly March 24, 2011 earthquake. Title :
Deadly earthquake in the border area of Myanmar, Thailand and Laos
Update 11:38 UTC :
- The aftershock which we described below was reported as a M5.8 by USGS BUT as a M6.2 by the Chinese authorities. We trust the Chinese authorities here as they have a lot of instruments installed at the border with Myanmar.
- Chinese authorities are an important source of information for earthquake-report.com. Times of censorship are over these days concerning earthquake data. Chinese seismological institutes are well organised and are reporting on the earthquakes minutes after they occur.
Update 11:04 UTC :
A very strong M6.0 aftershock occurred a few minutes ago in the earthquake area. This aftershock will certainly add more damage to the already seriously damaged area. As most of the people will stay outside for the coming days, we do not think that these aftershocks will add to the heavy injured and death toll.
Update 09:45 UTC:
The following list is a summary of damage information so far (mainly sourced from Eleven Myanmar, and other sources)
(1) A gold mine has collapsed trapping at least 6 individuals at the Sintku township.
(2) Archway of Shwegu Gyi Pagoda in Singu Township of Mandalay Region collapsed.
(3) A building and 300-feet long brick wall of primary school fell down.
(4) Pennant post and archway of Shwe Yet Taung Pagoda collapsed.
(5) Five partitions of brick wall in Taw Ya Monastery collapsed.
(6) 600-feet long brick wall of Pariyatti Thattama Vamsa Nandar Monastery collapsed
(7) Severe damage to 10 pottery factories has been registered.
(8) 3 persons were injured due to the collapse of a house
(9) ‘Diamond buds’ of Lay Myat Hnar Pagoda and Ayeik Mahwet Pagoda in Amarayapura township.
(10) A woman died, and 10 were injured due to the collapse of 6-feet high brick wall.
(11) Five workers are still missing after falling down into the river at the construction site of Yatana Theinga Bridge to cross Ayayawaddy River. A crane vessel sunk into the river. 1 person has died.
(12) A Buddhist monk had a head injury due to the collapse of monastery in Khin U Township.
(13) ‘Diamond bud’ of the Tooth Relic Pagoda(Mandalay) in Amarayapura Township fell down to the middle platform.
(14) ‘Diamond buds’ of Sandar Muni Pagoda of Aung Myay Tharsan township, and Aung Tawmu Pagoda of Kyaukse Township dropped to ground
(15) A 20-year-old man died from the collapse of brick wall at a restaurant
(16) Brick walls of police station in Thabeikkyin Township.
(17) 8-feet high brick walls of Khin U police station in Sagaing, and the ceiling of Singu police station fell down.
(18) Temples were damaged and abandoned ruby mines were damaged in Modok.
Update 08:55 UTC:
News is slow to come to fruition at the moment, with the current toll of 14 deaths, the best at the current time.
We will continue to update as more information occurs.
Update 08:05 UTC:
Update 07:25 UTC:
The earthquake occurred at the meeting of the Shan Fault (which caused the 1912 quake) and the Sagaing fault (1931 and 1956 quakes).
It is reasonably complex to work out the exact location of the epicenter given the minimal density of network in Myanmar, hence the difference between the local Burmese epicenter, the CENC (China) and the USGS (U.S.).
Update 07:15 UTC:
- The deaths of the 5 bridge workers have not been confirmed as yet, and are missing, presumed dead after being flung into the water.
- The 6th death was a woman killed by falling debris in the Thabeikkyin district.
- The 7th death was a man who died via a collapsed building in an unnamed town in central Sagaing. 3 people were also injured at this location.
Update 07:00 UTC:
- The death toll remains at 7 from this M6.6-6.8 earthquake which occurred near the Kanbalu and Thabeikkyin districts of Shwebo and Mandalay Provinces.
- Over 100 people have been injured according to reports, but many are minor injuries.
- Numerous pagodas and other structures have been damaged including residential houses.
- Kyauk Myaung – approx. 20km from the epicenter has shown damage to structures, but no significant death tolls giving hope that the 7 deaths will be all that occur from this major quake.
Update 06:50 UTC :
Kanbalu is another district that could be affected. It is home to major factories of sugar and menthol processing as well as the 30 megawatts (40,000 hp) Thaphanseik hydropower plant on the Mu River, a $20-million project financed by the China Import and Export Bank. The district is part of the larger Shwebo District. Kanbalu is home to about 300,000 residents, whereas the whole of Shwebo is around 1.7 million.
Update 06:45 UTC :
A picture unfortunately tells 1000 words. The first picture of the collapsed bridge has come courtesy of 11 Myanmar media.
Update 06:40 UTC :
The districts affected are no stranger to earthquakes in the last 100 years as reported from the CATDAT Damaging Earthquakes Database.
In May of 1912, a M7.7 earthquake and several smaller quakes caused damage throughout the Sagaing and Mandalay areas, killing at least 10 people. (epicenter around 100km from this one)
In April 1938, a damaging earthquake hit around this location.
In July 1956, A M7.0 destructive earthquake in upper Burma caused damage at Mandalay; 38 dead and 50 injured at Sagaing,22 km from Mandalay, 80 per cent of houses damaged, several pagodas severely damaged. 40-50 people died in total. (epicenter around 80km S of this one).
On the 5th January, 1991 (23.5, 95.8) – A M6.9 earthquake, very similar to this one hit with 32 buildings and 380 hectares of farmland damaged in the Thabeikkyin area. Some landslides reported. Felt in much of northwestern Burma from Hkamti to Sittwe. This earthquake was felt strongly at Mandalay and in much of northwestern Myanmar from Hkamti to Sittwe (ibid.). It was also felt in western Thailand including at Bangkok and Chiang Mai as well as at Silchar in Assam, India (ibid.). (Martin and Szilega, 2010). (around 50 km N from this quake)
The current quake has killed 7 people.
Update 06:20 UTC :
Death Toll currently stands at 7. (5 through bridge collapse, 2 from monasteries)
In Shwebo, much damage has been reported including many injuries. The huge concrete gate of a monastery hascollapsed and several sculptures from another pagoda were damaged in addition to many houses.
Damage was reported in Mogok. Temples were damaged and some abandoned ruby mines were hit by landslides according to local news networks.
Update 06:05 UTC :
The Sagain and Pyi Oo Lwin townships also have reported damaged houses. Pyi Oo Lwin is home to Thabekkyin which is one of the worst hit subdistricts.
Update 05:59 UTC :
Reports of 100s of people injured are coming out of Shwebo, however, the death toll remains at 6. We are desperately trying to find information from the epicentral region.
The USGS and CENC epicenters remain around 30km apart, making it difficult to work out where the most damage will be.
Townships of Male, Wabyudaung, Thabeikkyin, Chaungkkyi, Hamantha and Myegya will be the most affected.
Update 05:52 UTC :
The Shwebo district – hardest hit by this quake – has about 1,700,000 inhabitants, news from the direct epicentral region has not yet come about.
Death toll remains at 6. Unofficial death toll at 7.
Update 05:48 UTC :
The total number of dead has changed from the bridge collapse: 4 workers died and 24 were injured at the construction site of Yatanar Theinga bridge in Kyauk Myaung sub-township of Shwebo, said locals.
Two Buddhist monasteries in Kyauk Myaung sub-township have also collapsed, causing 2 deaths.
10 pot/porcelain-making workshops were also damaged in the nearby Nwe Nyein Township.
Update 05:43 UTC :
- Most employment in the area comes from fishing, rice farming and agriculture.
Update 05:43 UTC :
- Mandalay remains without power in some parts. (117km from epicenter)
- The 5 people working in Irrawaddy river were most likely killed by the bridge according to chinese media.
- Some religious edifices collapsed in the Shwebo Township and 1 dead, and 10 wounded remains the death toll from this township.
Update 05:33 UTC :
China is reporting no damage in Yunnan Province (Yunnan Seismological Bureau) despite being felt statewide in Dehong, Ruili and Longchuan. It was also felt in parts of Baoshan City, Pu’er City; Heqing County, Dali Prefecture, Dali City. Generally, they also receive damage from large Myanmar earthquakes.
The death toll remains at 6.
Update 05:26 UTC :
- 6 people have been confirmed killed so far, 1 woman and 5 people who were working on a bridge over the Irrawaddy river.
- These numbers are NOT taking into account the direct epicentral area.
Update 05:07 UTC :
Far too soon to get detailed reports from the epicenter area, but gradually the extent of the damage is showing.
Reuters Alertnet, well informed in Myanmar reports that :
- Local media said a half-built bridge over the Irrawaddy River near Shwebo and Kyauk Myaung had collapsed and there may have been casualties
- A police officer in Shwebo said one woman had died and 10 people had been injured in Kyauk Myaung.
- “A house collapsed in Kyauk Myaung. The Radana Thinga Bridge, still under construction, over the river was badly damaged. A huge steel beam fell into the river and five workers went missing,” he told Reuters.
- A resident of Singgu, opposite Kyauk Myaung on the east side of the Irrawaddy, said some people were injured in the town and a few were killed at the river bank but this could not be confirmed with official sources.
- minor damage in several areas around Mandalay, including Amarapura, a town popular with tourists because of its monasteries and the longest teak bridge in the world. Pagodas had been damaged there.
Update 05:02 UTC :
- Some parts of Mandalay, the biggest city relative to the epicenter (117 km) are without power.
- Assessment and Rescue teams have been send to the epicenter area
- Most of the buildings in that part of the country are cottages and only few of them have been build with earthquake resistant methods
- Most of the people will have been out of their houses as the mainshock occurred 22 minutes to 8 local time
Update 04:16 UTC :
The river streaming nearby the epicenter is the Irrawaddy river, one of the bigger rivers in Asia
Update 04:13 UTC :
An official at the National Earthquake Information Division, said it was the strongest quake in the area since a 6.0-magnitude quake in 1991.
Update 03:32 UTC : The colleagues from Wapmerr are specialised in damage and fatality expectations.
They have made 2 calculations based on different Magnitudes.
USGS latest manually adapted calculation was M6.8 at a depth of 9.7 km. Chinese seismologists have reported a M7.0 at 20 km.
Update 03:44 UTC :
Thabeykyin is said to be the location of an uranium plant (source anti-government publications)
Update 03:32 UTC : So far, no local sources close to the epicenter have reported about the situation. As long as we do not have testimonies and reports from within the 40 to 50 km radius and from locations like Male and Thabeykyin, no clear picture of the situation can be made.
Update 03:21 UTC : Due to the landscape in the epicenter are,a we do not have to fear for landslides (flat area)
Update 03:06 UTC : Still waiting for more news from inside Myanmar. After such a massive earthquake, we reckon that the power and the telecommunications will be down in a radius of at least 50 km around the epicenter.
- Awaiting more news we have been checking the landscape in the epicenter area. More bad news here, the epicenter is rather close to a transform fault line. Transform earthquakes are among the most damaging earthquake types.
Additionally, the epicenter is close to an important river bed, which means that soft sediment can make a serious portion of the soil. Soft soil is very dangerous for earthquakes. Rock layers are decreasing the wave. Acceleration maps would give us a clue how the soil in that area is composed.
- The image below shows a detailed view of the epicenter area and the towns. The bigger star is the M6.8 mainshock, the 3 smaller stars the M5 aftershocks.
Update 02:52 UTC : The earthquake happened right on top of a known fault line. In developed countries houses will have been build using earthquake resistant methods. We do not think that this has been the case here.
Closest cities are :
Update 02:52 UTC : USGS has just increased (after recalculation by seismologists) the Magnitude to M6.8 (from M6.6) at a depth of 9.7 km. An increase from 6.6 to 6.8 is a strong increase and is opposite at what we hoped.
Update 02:46 UTC : The earthquake has been felt in all the neighbouring countries, which means Thailand, China and India
- We urge our Myanmar readers to let us know the whereabouts from people near the epicenter area if they get such information. You can use the form below to do this.
- Most of the Myanmar people reading our article are coming from Rangoon and Mandalay.
- The highest MMI value people have reported to USGS is MMI VII, very strong shaking . The number of testimonies is however too small to be reliable
Update 02:40 UTC : So far we have NO news from within our 50 km radius. Mandalay at 117 km from the epicenter is too far away to be in the danger zone.
- Testimonies we received out of Mandalay at Earthquake-report.com are talking about a 1 to 2 minute shaking. This is very bad news as sustained shaking can be even more damaging. We truly hope that we are wrong, but the signs are not good at all.
Update 02:20 UTC : USGS has calculated what a M6.6 at 9.9 km would mean for the local people? Very strong and severe shaking can be damaging. In total 89000 people are living in this area.
- 1 good issue can be that the earthquake happened during the morning hours so that most people will not have been inside their houses.
Update 02:17 UTC : Our reporting will only continue on this page
- USGS has modified his preliminary data from M7.0 to M6.6, but has also reduced the depth from 33.9 to 9.9 km. The overall danger remains as we initially have stated it.
Update 02:14 UTC : The greater epicenter area is currently rattled with very powerful aftershocks. these can go on for days and even weeks after such a massive earthquake.
- Seismologists all over the world are currently calculating the improved versions of the preliminary data. These can differ seriously from the initial ones.
- Residents from Mandalay, the second biggest commercial city in central Myanmar, told Reuters that they felt a very strong tremor. ”I’ve never felt such strong tremor. I also heard some loud noises and the light went out. No idea about the damage,” a resident said.
Update 01:58 UTC : Following USGS calculations, 23000 people may have experienced a severe MMI VII shaking. Such shaking can be very damaging, especially for houses which have been build without earthquake resistant methods. The figure below is very alarming as the orange part is at great risk for damage.
Update 01:38 UTC : We do absolutely NOT like what we see. Also the nearby Chinese seismological instruments are reporting a Magnitude of M7.0 at a depth of 20 km ! Such an earthquake at this depth is very destructive !
Update 01:47 UTC : If the earthquake parameters are confirmed, we call more than 1 million people at risk for damage and eventual injuries. This number of people is living whitin a radius of 50 km from the epicenter?
We have to stress that all the current data is preliminary and maybe modified down- or upwards later on. Let’s hope the numbers will decrease.
We will soon start an in-depth article on this probably very damaging earthquake.
A very dangerous earthquake just occurred in Myanmar. The preliminary Magnitude is M6.7 ! at a depth of 30 km.
If these parameters are confirmed, we have to call this earthquake extremely dangerous.
Based on the readers present in our site, this earthquake was also felt in Thailand.
Distances from the epicenter :
- 27km (17mi) E of Shwebo, Myanmar
- 62km (39mi) NNW of Mandalay, Myanmar
- 69km (43mi) SW of Mogok, Myanmar
- 72km (45mi) N of Sagaing, Myanmar
- 308km (191mi) N of Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar
Update 01:29 UTC : USGS is making this earthquake even more dangerous as it is reporting a Magnitude of M7.0 at a depth of 33.7 km
These data can indicate a VERY DAMAGING earthquake !
Most important Earthquake Data:
Magnitude : M7.0 (CENC)
UTC Time : 2012-11-11 01:12:38 UTC
Local time at epicenter : 2012-11-11 07:42:38 UTC+06:30 at epicenter
Depth (Hypocenter) : 20 km (CENC)
- 56km (35mi) NNE of Shwebo, Myanmar
- 60km (37mi) WNW of Mogok, Myanmar
- 117km (73mi) N of Mandalay, Myanmar
- 123km (76mi) NNW of Maymyo, Myanmar
- 364km (226mi) N of Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar
|EMSC||Myanmar||Nov 11 18:19 PM||5.5||10||MAP I Felt It|
|GEOFON||Myanmar||Nov 11 18:19 PM||5.5||10||MAP I Felt It|
|USGS||Myanmar||Nov 11 18:19 PM||5.6||10||MAP I Felt It|
|EMSC||Myanmar||Nov 11 14:45 PM||4.5||10||MAP I Felt It|
|GEOFON||Myanmar||Nov 11 14:45 PM||4.8||10||MAP I Felt It|
|EMSC||Myanmar||Nov 11 10:54 AM||5.8||10||MAP I Felt It|
|GEOFON||Myanmar||Nov 11 10:54 AM||5.8||10||MAP I Felt It|
|USGS||Myanmar||Nov 11 10:54 AM||5.8||9||MAP I Felt It|
|GEOFON||Myanmar||Nov 11 01:32 AM||5.2||111||MAP I Felt It|
|EMSC||Myanmar||Nov 11 01:32 AM||5.3||10||MAP I Felt It|
|USGS||Myanmar||Nov 11 01:32 AM||5.0||10||MAP I Felt It|
|EMSC||Myanmar||Nov 11 01:30 AM||5.2||10||MAP I Felt It|
|GEOFON||Myanmar||Nov 11 01:30 AM||5.1||10||MAP I Felt It|
|USGS||Myanmar||Nov 11 01:29 AM||5.0||10||MAP I Felt It|
|USGS||Myanmar||Nov 11 01:12 AM||6.8||9||MAP I Felt It|
|USGS||Myanmar||Nov 11 01:12 AM||6.8||9||MAP I Felt It|
|GEOFON||Myanmar||Nov 11 01:12 AM||6.8||15||MAP I Felt It|
|EMSC||Myanmar||Nov 11 01:12 AM||6.8||10||MAP I Felt It|
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