Massive earthquake Guatemala – 44 people killed and 25840 homeless – Very strong aftershock on November 11

Last update: November 19, 2012 at 1:48 pm by By

Earthquake overview : A massive earthquake happened approx. 20 miles (30 km) out of the Champerico coast. The preliminary depth of 33 km  and the distance to the coast will have hopefully weakened the shaking considerably.
Tell us when you think you have felt this earthquake.
Guatemala-only earthquake list

Keep this page open to read more details when they become available
Most recent information on top – Start of the article at the bottom – Page will refresh every couple of minutes automatically

Very strong aftershock on November 11 inflicts more damage and injuries
Please Click here to read what we wrote about this aftershock 


Final Summary Nov. 14  06:17 UTC :
- 44 people were killed as a result of this earthquake.
- 25840 people are currently homeless. (9853 people are in shelters)
- 1,292,017 people were affected by this earthquake.
More than 400 volunteers helped to collect data on building damage.
- 12045 houses were damaged as a result of this earthquake (3064 with severe damage, 4318 with moderate damage, 3244 with light damage and 1419 at risk).

Overview update Nov. 10  13:27 UTC :

- The death toll has been decreased to 42 (what often happens during earthquakes is double counting  - the best example of which was in Chile 2010 with the reduction from 800 to 500, and in Haiti from 225,0o0 to around 137,000)

- The death toll of 42, also leaves 2 missing which contribute to a total of 44 people.
- Aldo Domínguez Vásquez, an United States child, was the first American to be found dead. He was 11 years old
- Basic services are now completely reestablished
- 3770 houses have been damaged in Quiché, San Marcos, Quetzaltenango, Totonicapán, Retalhuleu, Huehuetenango, Sololá and Suchitepéquez,
- The  Interamericana highway has now been cleaned of landslides and debris and can be used over his full length again
- About 100 schools damaged (earlier reports spoke of 10)
- As most of you know, this earthquake was also felt in Mexico – Most of the footage from this video comes from locations in Mexico (ie Mexico City). The shaking on this video cannot be compared with the damaging shaking in some parts of Guatemala (no video footage from there)


Overview update 9/11 11:15 UTC :

- 52 people killed, 22 still missing.
- 40 dead in  San Marcos, 11 in  Quetzaltenango and 1 person in Sololá

- Quetzaltenango: 212 in 3 shelters, Chichicastenango, 96 in 2 shelters, San Marcos 330 in 10 shelters ——– 638 people in total homeless in shelters.
- 5251 people homeless people in total (most likely those in the severely and moderately damaged homes), currently staying with family or in tents.
- 2263 houses were damaged (554 houses severely damaged, 991 moderately damaged, 538 slightly damaged, and 180 houses damaged to some extent)
- 1.249 million people were affected by the quake.
- In the departments of San Marcos and Quetzaltenango, 44.22 tons (44220kg) of humanitarian assistance have been provided as of late 8/11 – resources consisted of pure water, sponges, porridge, individual rations, personal hygiene kits and disposable diapers. These resources have been moved to the Disaster Response Centers of both departments.


Update 23:15 UTC : same statistics than earlier today

- 52 people killed
- 22 still missing
- A lot of  countries have offered aid to the Guatemala government, among them : USA,  Spain and almost all the Latin American countries

Update 16:42 UTC : President Otto Pérez:
- 762 persons are currently in hotels and lodges.
- 2966 have evacuated their houses
- 1.2 million people are affected by the earthquake for different reasons

Update 16:23 UTC :
- 52 fatalities have now been confirmed officially
- 22 people are still missing
- The government has send 44 tons of aid and huge numbers of bottled drinking water to the hardest hit areas
- Some roads in the damaged areas are instable and the President of Guatemala has asked his population not to use these roads if it is not really needed
- Power has been restored in 95% of the country. The President hopes that the remaining users will get power again today.
- 200 people have been treated for injuries in the hospital of hard hit San Marcos – 50 had to stay

Update 16:02 UTC :
- In one of our former updates, we expected that new modern earthquake resistant houses would not have been damaged. This is currently confirmed by Conred. Most of the damaged houses are “adobe – non earthquake resistant houses”.
Once more we make a plea for house owners to  reinforce their houses (mostly by making a few improvements on the structure). This does not have to make you poor.
- Rescue forces are still trying to find buried persons after San Marcos landslides

Important update 14:09 UTC :
- The Situation Map from CONRED below (Guatemalan civil defence) gives the best possible view on the current operations

CONRED situation map as reported by Conred in the morning of November 8 – Please click on the map to see it in full size.

Update 12:13 UTC :

Official toll was as follows at 00:00 local Guatemala time ;
- 50 people killed
- 21 missing
- 150 injured
- 17000 people affected who need aid in one or another way
- Most affected sectors in the country : San Marcos, Quetzaltenango, Sololá and Totonicapán
- People older than 40 years will certainly remember the cruel earthquake of February 4 1976, when more than 23000 people lost their lives !
- 29 aftershocks in between M4.2 and M4.6 were registered in between the occurrence of the mainshock and midnight local time
- What has puzzled us so far was why the damage was so huge far away from the epicenter. Local seismologists confirmed our guesses. The hardest hit areas are build on softer soil than the other areas who suffered the earthquake. Among this softer soil, a lot of  non consolidated ash from the close-by volcanoes. Waves are propagated a lot better is this kind of soil than on rocky older sediments. How to protect your house against it : following the guidelines of earthquake resistant building would do the job

Update 11:07 UTC :
The video below (sorry for YT ads these days) is giving a good view of the damage Guatemala has got after a M7.2 earthquake struck the coastal area yesterday. People who did follow our reporting will probably see no new issues, but nevertheless this video gives a good overview of an earthquake sjo stayed in the shadow of the US elections.
- 82 repair teams have been working day and nigh to reestablish power for those who lost it 

 

Update 04:00 UTC :

- The death toll of 48 with 23 missing is a reduction on local press reports but an increase on the previous figures of 30 and 39. 155 injured. 17000+ affected.
- The deaths occurred in San Pedro Sacatepequez, adjacent to San Marcos through a combination of landslides through shaking, and building collapses.
- The red alert is still in place by the government.
- At least 135 houses have been destroyed with additional ones damaged.

Update 03:35 UTC :

INSIVUMEH is reporting that the earthquake was M7.2 at a depth of 33.2km, with a MMI of V. This was of course far below what was felt onshore where MMI experience reports of VII-VIII have been seen.
- The death toll of 48 is currently the 5th highest death toll for 2012.

Update 03:20 UTC :
- Official death toll now stands at 48 people with 23 additional people missing. 150 people have been reported injured (up from 5 from previous reports). 250+ have been determined to be homeless and the affected remain at around 17000.
-Although there has not been a large amount of people affected by this earthquake, those affected have been significantly affected by this earthquake.

Update 01:22 UTC :
- The official death toll stands at 39 people
- 17000 people have been affected by the earthquake and will receive temporary shelters, food and clothing from  relief services like Conred.
- Assessment of the damage is still going on
- As it is dark right now in Guatemala, we will have to wait until the morning hours to get more news and data. Let’s hope that there will be only few and weak aftershocks.

Update 23:48 UTC :
- Below what is called a huge landslide. 8 people were buried my the ground masses at Concepción Chiquirichapa (twitter picture from PrensaLibre Guatemala)

Image copyright and courtesy Prensa Libre Guatemala

Update 23:25 UTC :
- Almost no new or updated reports at this moment
- The government has said that they will give a press conference in less than 2 hours
- Click here to have a glimpse of the damage
- landslides and huge racks on the road are blocking a number of roads
- The governments of Costa Rica and Honduras have offered their support at the Guatemala government

Update 22:11 UTC :
- Electricity is still cut off for 10000 people at Champerico, near the epicenter
- Still no electricity nor telecommunications at the hard hit San Marcos area
- When it is good news, we like to bring it too : 4 bodies in  Concepción Chiquirichapa have been rescued..still 6 more under the rubble
- as could be expected, aftershocks up to Magnitude 5 are rattling the greater epicenter area. this will go on for many days and even weeks with sometimes aftershocks who can reach M6 or even more. A very annoying period for those who are already suffering.

Update 21:55 UTC :
The number of fatalities is rising very fast. We give you the numbers as they are appearing in the local press (this means that these numbers are NOT official).
- 63 deaths, 25 under rumble and more than 150 missing.
These are cruel numbers for a central-American earthquake.

This image shows the real extend of such a cruel earthquake – it is not alone about damage, but also people caught by falling debris – In most earthquakes killing factor nr. 1 – image via twitter courtesy @javieramirez1

Update 21:33 UTC :
Numbers are varying depending the source they are coming from. At one hand the official numbers which are usually very low and at the other hand numbers coming from reporters in the field.
Many sources (which we cannot verify) are giving the following numbers :
At least 29 people are dead, 155 injured and more than 100 houses destroyed
- The earthquake was felt strong in l Salvador, Mexico and Honduras.

Update 21:25 UTC : Damage as photographed by twitter user @ferchosiliezar
- President Otto Pérez Molina is currently on his way to the hardest hit areas. People in San Marcos are telling ER that there are heavily damaged houses in almost every street.

Image from the damage at San Marcos, one of the hardest hit areas – image courtesy from twitter user @ferchosiliezar

Landslide – Image courtesy @MichellitaPaz

Update 21:14 UTC :
- In Coatepque, Quetzaltenango damage has been reported on the municipal firestation
- a private school was evacuated because of cracks and fisures.
- In San Pedro Sacatepquez, San Marcos houses were destroyed including a school.
- tsunami warning still in place in Nicaragua
- The earthquake was also felt a far as Mexico City !!

Update 19:55 UTC :  The Guatemala President, Otto Pérez Molina, has told the nation during a press conference that the rescue services will get all necessary funds to cope with this disaster. He also told the affected people not to stay in their houses the next 48 hours if these have been damaged.

Update 20:11 UTC :  New numbers just reported by CONRED :
15 people killed so far
100 people missing
approx. 15 buried below the rubble of collapsed houses 

Update 20:02 UTC
Click here to  see some more pictures of the devastation. A press conference will be hold very soon at CONRED.
Landslides have been reported (common after massive earthquakes in mountainous areas).
The most affected areas in the country are : Costa de Quetzaltenango, San Marcos, Retalhuleu, Sololá, Totonicapán, Parte sur de Quiche and Huehuetenango.
We have currently NO people from the epicenter area in the site, only from Guatemala City. This can mean that the epicenter area is still without internet and electricity.

Update 19:55 UTC :  AFP now reports that at least 10 people have been killed because of the Guatemala M7.2 earthquake. Remark : as often during major earthquakes, rumours and official numbers are sometimes contradictory – In Guatemala the death toll still stands at 8 but as we are sure that AFP is to be trusted we have passed the higher number to our readers.

Update 19:48 UTC :  The damage is not really widespread but a lot of communities have damaged houses even at a great distance from the epicenter. What concerns us most is that we do not have reports from Champerico, the city closest to the epicenter.
The official death toll still stands at 8.

Image courtesy _dlopezPL – Prensa Libre

Update 19:39 UTC :    76000 people are still without electricity. As most of the wireless sending masts are depending on power and based on our experience have no batteries, telecommunications will not be possible neither.

Update 19:36 UTC :    NOAA America indicates that a tsunami was probably generated near the epicenter and that the coast near the epicenter way have been hit by it? This does not mean however that the tsunami was devastating as even small tide differences also are falling under the denomination “tsunami”. Below the full report including the gauge data who are showing a small surge

Update 19:25 UTC :    To make everything even worse, rain is pouring down in damaged areas

Update 19:25 UTC :   More people are presently reported buried by collapsed houses, but they can eventually be rescued by SAR teams (Search and Rescue teams). Gradually, the scale of the earthquake starts to increase. This is a tragedy for Guatemala and his population.

Update 19:18 UTC :   We are awaiting further news from within Guatemala. At ER we are very surprised that the fatalities occurred so far inland. The coastal area was very close to the epicenter but we have no news so far from eventual damage in that area. We have to take into account however that telecommunications and power will probably be still down.

Update 18:58 UTC :   The number of fatalities continues to go up – at the moment 8. Most of the fatalities have been reported inland, although the epicenter was located in the Pacific Ocean. San Marcos is at least 50 km from Champerico. The fact that at least 5 people were reportedly killed at San Marcos means that the damage will be very big and that more injured peaple will probably follow.

Important update 18:51 UTC : The death toll has further increased to 5. All fatalities have been reported from San Marcos.

Update 18:31 UTC :   Phone lines and cellular networks were down in the greater epicenter area. Power was/is aslo down.

Update 18:26 UTC :   Fire department personnel is talking about 3 destroyed houses in Amatitlán. 2 people are reported as missing.

Update 18:16 UTC :  Due to the death of 2 people, this earthquake becomes a CatDat Red earthquake. We feel very sorry for the family of the deceased. Lets hope that no other fatalities will be added to the current number. So far we have no numbers of injured but based on the image at right, we are sure that the damage will be considerable and that a lot of people will have been injured.

Image courtesy twitter user @CarlesDivas.

Update 18:05 UTC :  Rescue services have  confirmed that 2 people have been killed in San Marcos (Edilsa Castillo Merida,  age 47 and her niece Melany Castillo age 6 months). An assessment of the damage is coordinated by Conred Guatemala and is currently going on.

Update 17:58 UTC : Guatemalan president Otto Pérez Molina has called the Red Alert in the country after the massive earthquake who struck a little earlier.

Update 17:56 UTC : Reports from our users are telling us that the shaking went on for about 30 seconds, which is quite a long time. To the positive side is that this is a typical subduction earthquake which happened within the pacific subducting plate.

Update 17:39 UTC : What concerns us to a certain point is that the coastal area seems to be rather flat and soft soiled. Soft soil means that the shaking wave propagation will be far stronger than in the case of a rocky bottom.
We are still waiting for news from the epicenter area.

Update 17:34 UTC : The Guatemalan Instituto Nacional de Sismología reports a Magnitude of 7.2 at a depth and mentions a MMI of V at many Guatemalan locations.  The earthquake was well felt at Guatemala, Jalapa, Jutiapa, Alta Verapaz, Quetzaltenango, Suchitepéquez, Zacapa, Escuintla and Quiché.

Landscape a little inland of the coastal area – Image courtesy Jun ay Pu

Update 17:26 UTC : Based on the current USGS data, 236000 people will have experienced a very strong shaking (MMI VII). Nearly 2 million people a strong shaking. We will have to wait a little longer to get a better view on the potential damage. The chance on damage cannot be excluded as the location of the epicenter has been relocated closer to the coast.

Update 17:23 UTC : The max. MMI has been increased by USGS from VI to VII (strong increased to very strong shaking). The main risk however is a tsunami risk at the closest shores to the epicenter.

USGS is currently reporting a Magnitude of 7.5 at  a depth of 33 km.
Luckily the epicenter is about 20 miles out of the coast which will weaken the shaking a lot.
So far a MMI VI has been reported (strong shaking).
There will certainly have been called a Tsunami alarm as the epicenter was close to the coast.
NOAA stipulates that there is NO tsunami warning for ALASKA/ BRITISH  COLUMBIA/ WASHINGTON/ OREGON AND CALIFORNIA…, which must be a relief for those areas.
NOAA Tsunami bulletin
We will soon start an in-depth article on this massive earthquake.
Update 17:09 UTC : The max. shaking values we have received so far are MMI VI, which is very hopeful (minor damage and injuries expected at these values).  The first reports we did receive did locate the epicenter closer to the coast, which is not confirmed by other agencies.

Shaking map courtesy USGS

Most important Earthquake Data:
Magnitude : 7.4
UTC Time :  2012-11-07 16:35:50 UTC
Local time at epicenter : 2012-11-07 10:35:50 UTC-06:00 at epicenter
Depth (Hypocenter) : 41.6 km
Geo-location(s) :
24km (15mi) S of Champerico, Guatemala
55km (34mi) SSW of Retalhuleu, Guatemala
60km (37mi) SSW of San Sebastian, Guatemala

Links to important maps
USGS Did You Feel It Map
Google satellite map showing the epicenter and the surrounding area
Historic earthquakes map
Shaking map
Scientific parameters
Human impact map
NOAA tsunami report

Click here for examples of our “earthquake notifications (button below)”

SRC Location UTC Date/time M D INFO
EMSC Offshore Guatemala Nov 07 22:42 5.1 30 MAP I Felt It
USGS Offshore Guatemala Nov 07 22:42 5.1 35 MAP I Felt It
EMSC Offshore Guatemala Nov 07 19:55 5.0 35 MAP I Felt It
USGS Offshore Guatemala Nov 07 19:55 5.0 35 MAP I Felt It
EMSC Offshore Guatemala Nov 07 18:09 4.6 10 MAP I Felt It
USGS Offshore Guatemala Nov 07 17:04 5.0 35 MAP I Felt It
EMSC Offshore Guatemala Nov 07 17:04 5.0 30 MAP I Felt It
USGS Offshore Guatemala Nov 07 16:57 4.7 35 MAP I Felt It
EMSC Offshore Guatemala Nov 07 16:57 4.7 35 MAP I Felt It
EMSC Guatemala Nov 07 16:35 7.3 30 MAP I Felt It
USGS Offshore Guatemala Nov 07 16:35 7.4 41 MAP I Felt It
USGS Offshore Guatemala Nov 07 16:35 7.5 33 MAP I Felt It
GEOFON Guatemala Nov 07 16:35 7.3 26 MAP I Felt It
  • escuintla guatemala - about 10:40 AM local time strong shaking with noise for about 20-30 seconds. Nothing fell, no breakage or injury.
  • Guatemala City - It was pretty strong not to mentioned it did last like 15 or 20 seconds at the most.
  • Belize city - started about 10:37 belize time and lasted for about 3 minutes. I am in an old colonial building near the seaside.
  • antigua guatemala - 10 or more seconds
  • Santa Catarina Palopo, Solola, Guatemala - Rumbling sound from the earth and moderate shaking for about 10 seconds. Impressive!
  • San Salvador, El Salvador - And yes, it was very long feeling - it felt like 20 seconds at least.
  • San Salvador, El Salvador - Light shaking at San Salvador
  • Mexico City - The hotel room was swaying back and forth for about 20 seconds.
  • San Salvador, El Salvador - Our apartment building was shaking pretty good, nothing fell off the walls and we didn't have any damage, but it was interesting because it lasted much longer than usual, I didn't time it, but it was probably more than 30 seconds.
  • Ciudad Guatemala zona 10 - Estoy en el 10mo nivel de un edifico en la zona 10 de Guatemala y sentimos fuertes movimientos durante casi un minuto.
  • Antigua, Sacatepequez - Ground shaking, cars moving for 30-40 seconds
  • México City - Lights swaying. Mild disorientation. Side to side shake, I think, instead of up and down.
  • Guatemala, Guatemala - Fue un temblor que duró cerca de 15 minutos, se sintió muy fuerte. no hay daños en la ciudad capital. edificios evacuados. se interrumpieron las telecomunicacioones.
  • Ciudad Guatemala zona 10 - Estoy en el 10mo nivel de un edifico en la zona 10 de Guatemala y sentimos fuertes movimientos durante casi un minuto.
  • Cd. del Carmen, Campeche - Estaba en la planta baja de mi casa y se supone que aquí no tiembla
  • Colonia Escalón - Felt like 20 seconds, side to side shaking, nothing toppled over but with sharp pulses of harder shaking, soft-hard-soft-hard-soft in irregular timing.
  • Panajachel, Guatemala - Shaking lasted about a minute, I was able to get outside and it still kept going.
  • Mixco, Guatemala - little craps on walls, furniture moved out of space
  • Antigua - We were laying in the sun and all of a sudden it felt as if the the earth was driving over a bumpy cobblestone street. We ran to the wall and felt the rolling sensation even more. Lasted about 30 seconds. Exhilarating!
  • santa cruz - I was cleaning the kitchen when I heard everything start to rattle and the ground began to shake. It lasted about 30 seconds to a minute.
  • San Pedro la Laguna - ladder leaning against the house fell road coming into town closed due to rocks falling cement fell off house. Seemed longer than 30 seconds!!
  • Tlatelolco - The quake was at 10:40 hrs(local time). The building where I live, in the Tlatelolco area(Mexico City), was suffering some shaking, cracks sounds could be neared and the doors of the closets were opening and closing on their own.
  • Guatemala - I was so scared. I was only praying for all the people here. I hope there are no more casualties and the earth quake does not return. I pray to my GURU to take care of the people of Guatemala and Central America and MExico
  • Guatemala City, Zona 10 - I felt it as a very rolling movement which lasted near a full minute. I counted. Shaking and swaying gently, pans rattling, dogs spooked after about 25 seconds as it got a little stronger. Guatemalan's are resilient but need your support please and thank you!
  • Mexico city - I was in a seventh floor and suddenly I fought that I was seasick or something but one of my friends felt the same movement so she told me that we were having an earthquake so we evacuated the building , it was terrible , and I was very skier
  • San Cristobal de Las Casas, Chiapas - Longer than usual.
  • Santa Rosa - scary
  • a

    QuakeSOS+
    and QuakeSOS free are iPhone applications developed by Armand Vervaeck, the founder of Earthquake Report. The Application simplifies immediate group communication to friends and family members (with your exact GPS location) and is feeding the users with Earthquake Report news. The 0.99 US$ QuakeSOS+ version will support the activities of SOS Earthquakes.

    a

    Earthquake-Report.com headlines on twitter
    @OnlyQuakeNews : Get all the headlines of our earthquake-report.com articles + regular updates on ongoing events
    @QuakeSOS : earthquake-report.com news + automatic earthquake notifications of USGS earthquakes of M 4.0 or higher with emphasis to earthquakes in the America’s and the Pacific Ocean sphere (4 and up) and a lot of the rest of the world (5 and up). This account was created for our QuakeSOS and QuakeSOS+ iPhone applications
    @ShakingEarth : earthquake-report.com news + automatic earthquake notifications of EMSC earthquakes of M 4.0 or higher with emphasis to earthquakes in European and Asian / Middle East sphere (4 and up) and a lot of the rest of the world (5 and up). This account was originally created to stimulate our Facebook account
    @QuakeMaps : earthquake-report.com news with mapping notifications of ALL earthquakes M 3.0 and higher from all over the world via EMSC and USGS. This account was created for our http://www.quake-maps.com website

    SHARE YOUR EARTHQUAKE EXPERIENCE WITH US

    Enter Email (not compulsory)
    Country where you felt the earthquake
    City/Village where you felt the earthquake
    Street or suburb (area) where you felt the earthquake
    MMI II (Very weak shaking) ?
    People :
    Felt by persons at rest, on upper floors or favorably placed.
    MMI III (Weak shaking) ?
    People :
    Felt indoors; hanging objects may swing, vibration similar to passing of light trucks, duration may be estimated, may not be recognized as an earthquake.
    MMI IV (Light shaking) ?
    People :
    Generally noticed indoors but not outside. Light sleepers may be awakened. Vibration may be likened to the passing of heavy traffic, or to the jolt of a heavy object falling or striking the building.
    Fittings :
    Doors and windows rattle. Glassware and crockery rattle. Liquids in open vessels may be slightly disturbed. Standing motorcars may rock.
    Structures :
    Walls and frames of buildings, and partitions and suspended ceilings in commercial buildings, may be heard to creak.
    MMI V (Moderate shaking) ?
    People :
    Generally felt outside, and by almost everyone indoors. Most sleepers awakened. A few people alarmed.
    Fittings :
    Small unstable objects are displaced or upset. Some glassware and crockery may be broken. Hanging pictures knock against the wall. Open doors may swing. Cupboard doors secured by magnetic catches may open. Pendulum clocks stop, start, or change rate.
    Structures :
    Some large display windows cracked. A few earthenware toilet fixtures cracked.
    MMI VI (Strong shaking) ?
    People Felt by all. People and animals alarmed. Many run outside. Difficulty experienced in walking steadily.
    Fittings :
    Objects fall from shelves. Pictures fall from walls. Some furniture moved on smooth floors, some unsecured free-standing fireplaces moved. Glassware and crockery broken. Very unstable furniture overturned. Small church and school bells ring. Appliances move on bench or table tops. Filing cabinets or "easy glide" drawers may open (or shut).
    Structures :
    Slight damage to buildings with low standard. Some stucco or cement plaster falls. Large display windows broken. Damage to a few weak domestic chimneys, some may fall.
    Environment :
    Trees and bushes shake, or are heard to rustle. Loose material may be dislodged from sloping ground, e.g. existing slides, talus slopes, shingle slides.
    MMI VII (Very strong shaking) ?
    People
    General alarm. Difficulty experienced in standing. Noticed by motorcar drivers who may stop.
    Fittings :
    Large bells ring. Furniture moves on smooth floors, may move on carpeted floors. Substantial damage to fragile contents of buildings.
    Structures :
    Unreinforced stone and brick walls cracked. Low standard buildings cracked with some minor masonry falls. A few instances of damage to buildings of ordinary workmanship. Unbraced parapets, unbraced brick gables, and architectural ornaments fall. Roofing tiles, especially ridge tiles may be dislodged. Many unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, often falling from roof-line. Water tanks Type I burst. A few instances of damage to brick veneers and plaster or cement-based linings. Unrestrained water cylinders (hot-water cylinders) may move and leak. Some common windows cracked. Suspended ceilings damaged.
    Environment :
    Water made turbid by stirred up mud. Small slides such as falls of sand and gravel banks, and small rock-falls from steep slopes and cuttings. Instances of settlement of unconsolidated or wet, or weak soils. Some fine cracks appear in sloping ground. A few instances of liquefaction (i.e. small water and sand ejections).
    MMI VIII (Severe shaking) ?
    People Alarm may approach panic. Steering of motorcars greatly affected. Structures : Low standard buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. ordinary workmanship buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged in some cases. A few instances of damage to buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes. Monuments and pre-1976 elevated tanks and factory stacks twisted or brought down. Some pre-1965 infill masonry panels damaged. A few post-1980 brick veneers damaged. Decayed timber piles of houses damaged. Houses not secured to foundations may move. Most unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, some below roof-line, many brought down. Environment : Cracks appear on steep slopes and in wet ground. Small to moderate slides in roadside cuttings and unsupported excavations. Small water and sand ejections and localized lateral spreading adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc.
    MMI IX (Violent shaking) ?
    Structures Many low standard buildings destroyed. Ordinary workmanship buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes damaged in some cases, some with flexible frames seriously damaged. Damage or permanent distortion to some buildings and bridges, designed and built to normal use standards. Houses not secured to foundations shifted off. Brick veneers fall and expose frames. Environment : Cracking of ground conspicuous. Landsliding general on steep slopes. Liquefaction effects intensified and more widespread, with large lateral spreading and flow sliding adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc.
    Write your experience below + let us know if your property has been damaged (even slight damage) or if you have knowledge of any damage caused by this earthquake. (max. 500 characters)

    Speak Your Mind

    *

    Desktop Version